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GCSE: Vietnam 1954-1975
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One reason why America lost the war was that the soldiers carried with them strong preconceptions on how to fight; fierce head on battles with a clear definition of who the enemy were, as all their previous battles had been. America had very high morale before this war as they had intervened in both the two World Wars and the Korean war, and this continued America?s reputation of never having been defeated militarily. So when America thought that Vietnam might become communist (the domino effect), they thought that they could repeat their previous victories and liberate the South from the communist North.
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This tactic affected the american soldiers a lot, causing them anxiety, fear and tension. one of the key success of this was their quick executioning of the ambushing of american troops. This was a much studied strategy which was put into place by general giap to pave the way he wanted his soldiers to fight. Up until tet, the us used their brilliant weaponry and their money. the advantage the us had was their power in the air by carrying out thousands of bombing campaigns across vietnam dropping ordinance on little villages where suspected VC troops could be hiding.
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The Vietnam War has effected movies for years. How much did this war effect the people?s point of view on movies? The Vietnam War has also been called the Indochina War. The war started in 1957, when communist rebels started terrorist attacks. The president of the United States at the time pledged to support the Diem government. By 1963, President Kennedy increased troops to about 16,000. By 1965 the United States of America started to become more involved in the war.
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and NVA were more trained to fight in this terrain. Westmoreland believed that if he attacked the National Liberation Front (NLF) and National Vietnamese Army (NVA) with overwhelming force, he could win by attrition. In 1965, the strategy of Search and Destroy was put into play. This involved deploying a certain number of American Troops into known areas of where the NLF and NVA may perhaps be taking refuge. The Troops were intended to kill all the VC and NVA they found. This was carried out by helicopters escorting the troops to designated areas to search and eliminate any force they seeked out.
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Another advantage would be that in relation to one of the USA's aims (Remove Viet Cong from villages) it was partially successful (Source 1). There are far more disadvantages to search and destroy than advantages, which is the reason for its ineffectiveness. For example, search and destroy brought bad publicity to the USA. One example of this is the My Lai massacre in 1968, in which 2 platoons from Charlie Company were sent to a rumored Viet Cong village (with no VIET CONG there)
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And what were the drawbacks? For historian Christian Appy, ?search and destroy was the principal tactic; and the enemy body count was the primary measure of progress?  and with that in mind, the search and destroy tactic appears effective right off the bat. According to US reports in one of the search and destroy missions named Operation Junction City ?nearly 3,000 NLF died as compared to 282 allied fatalities? . While those figures supposedly paint a victorious image for the US, it is important to note that army and marine officers were conscious that confirmed kills from successful missions
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Representation 1 appears well researched and has detail evident in the key dates, facts and statistics, ?By the end of 1969, 34,000 draft dodgers were wanted by the police?, it provides. However, it fails to tell the whole story of the anti-war movement by focusing solely on the ?vocal minority? who protested against the war and ignoring the ?silent majority? who supported the war. Its comprehensiveness suffers because of this, as the representation is not fully balanced. Representation 2 is less comprehensive as it only contains a certain level of information in it compared to representation 1.
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Even though this method would sometimes kill Viet Cong soldiers it was not always accurate and caused many unnecessary problems. They would send out inexperienced soldiers who would then fall into traps because they were not paying attention, innocent villagers and civilians were massacred and most of the time the raids were based on incorrect information. All of these mistakes lead the soldiers to be very unpopular with the people as they were killing innocent people whom they were also meant to be assisting.
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