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GCSE: Vietnam 1954-1975

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  1. The difference of tactics in Vietnam played an important part in the victory of the Vietcong over the far superior United States.

    This was made extremely difficult, as the Vietcong did not wear uniforms so they were hard to distinguish from the ordinary peasants. "You never know who the enemy was and who was the friend they all looked alike. They all dressed alike." The US troops were often forced to use the unwritten rule 'If he's dead and Vietnamese he's VC.' Many atrocities were committed during the war due to the US troops not knowing peasants from proper enemies. If the US Marines knew or suspected that the Vietcong was operational in a particular village they frequently used to torture the

    • Word count: 1274
  2. Why the United States withdrew its forces from Vietnamin 1973.

    Their inexperience must have made them nervous and scared which meant an increased chance of getting it wrong. When they made the wrong choice, the media would be onto it and show the gruesome pictures of dead village people. The importance of the media will be explained later, and will show that the ineffective killing of the Vietcong had many adverse effects when they could not recognize the Vietcong. By 1966, the Americans began a series of Search and Destroy Missions in order to hunt down the Vietcong. The problem was that, by doing this, they began to loose the trust of, and alienated the Vietnamese civilians.

    • Word count: 1422
  3. TWhy did America withdraw their forces from Vietnam?

    They used guerrilla warfare - hitting the enemy and then moving away and didn't wear a uniform. They merged into village life with ease which made it very hard for America to spot them and who they could trust amongst the South Vietnamese population. This lead to civilians being killed. The biggest slaughter of civilian was Lai Mai Massacre where a whole village was killed by them. When this got back to the American public they were outraged after hearing about it. The Vietcong had had years to perfect their tactics unlike the American soldiers in Vietnam had only had their basic training.

    • Word count: 1284
  4. Military Tactics used by the USA and the Vietcong

    The Vietcong however had most control in the jungle in the countryside. This was because they knew their own surroundings well. The Vietcong also blended in with the villagers and farmers and weren't easy to distinguish. Furthermore America's tanks struggled and weren't suited to the hills and trees of the jungle. The Vietcong stayed away from the cities except to commit terrorist attacks. The methods used by the USA to keep control over the South Vietnamese people were teaching the children and adults to hate the Vietcong. The children were taught this in school. They also promised peace and happiness to the people in an attempt to stop them joining the Vietcong.

    • Word count: 1266
  5. Explain why America became increasingly involved in the conflict in Vietnam.

    On 7th May the Vietminh defeated the French. This was the first time a South East Asian country had defeated a major country. The Vietminh were growing stronger, and with the help of extreme training and the supply of weapons, their strength continued to grow. In 1949 Mao Zedongs' communists seized power in China and began training Vietnamese guerrillas and supplying them with modern weapons. This placed extra pressure on the USA to help the French in the fight against the spread of communism, even though they were already paying for much of the war.

    • Word count: 1374
  6. Describe the military tactics used by both the USA and the Vietcong forces in Vietnam in the 1960s

    Hence on December 20th 1960 the NLF was formed in order to overthrow Diem and reunify the country. Between 1960 and 1965 the war was merely small scale conflict and very little large scale offensives. In the past the Vietminh had succeeded in using guerrilla warfare against the Japanese and French. Ho Chi Minh said: "When fighting in an enemy occupied area, we must use guerrilla tactics. We must absolutely not go in for large scale battles and big victories unless we are 100% sure of success."

    • Word count: 2013
  7. What different tactics were used by both sides in an attempt to win the conflict in Vietnam between 1956 and 1968?

    The VC used guerrilla tactics because they weren't strong enough to fight an open war against the Americans, Also the Americans were not used to guerrilla tactics, which gave the VC another tactical advantage. The guerrilla tactics used by the VC proved successful because as the Americans could not find them they could not destroy them. The Americans initially did not want to combat troops to Vietnam. They initially sent advisors to try and show the south the South Vietnamese how to fight for themselves.

    • Word count: 1728
  8. What different tactics were used by both sides in an attempt to win the conflict in Vietnam between 1956 and 1968?

    The American on the other hand although realising to some extent that the war was only going to be won with the support of the peasants were far less active in their approach to helping, and indoctrinating them. On the news and publicly they were seen to be helping them but the soldiers were far willing as well as the peasants were already prejudice against the US involvement in the war. An example of the American focussing on the peasants was the "Strategic Hamlet".

    • Word count: 1816
  9. Do you agree with this interpretation of the problems faced by united states soldiers in vietnam? use the source and knowledge from your studies to explain your answer

    This was a major problem for the morale of the troops, as well as having a less experienced army. Once somebody had fully settled in and made friends they were being sent home and replaced by new inexperienced soldiers, nicknamed 'cherries'. We can also verify this from the death rate of the soldiers. This shows that in the last three month's of duty they only stood a 6% chance of death (on average), whereas in the first three months this number was much higher.

    • Word count: 707
  10. What different tactics were used by both sides in an attempt to win the conflict in Vietnam between 1956-68?

    Diem would soon become unpopular as Buddhist protests took place and America loses their faith in Diem. So their next tactic is to allow Diem to be killed and take over the war. Soon after this America realises that the NLF are having an effect on the South Vietnamese peasants. Some of them were joining the communists. So Kennedy sets up a scheme called Strategic Hamlet. This involved the moving of peasants away from their villages and their land and positioning them in new villages away from NLF influence.

    • Word count: 804
  11. Military Tactics used by the USAand the Vietcong in Vietnamin the 1960's

    This however did not succeed as the US lost their trust when they started bombing and the amount of violence caused by the US increased. The scheme was abandoned when money and soldiers were needed to fight the Vietcong. The Vietcong did not have the modern equipment and weaponry that the US had. But they had a huge advantage over the US; they knew the jungle and countryside they were also well suited to it. They could easily hide amongst the trees from the US trees and aircraft.

    • Word count: 1335
  12. Why did the United States withdraw its forces from Vietnam in 1973?

    One of the most important (long-term reasons) was the use of guerrilla tactics by the Vietcong. These tactics included fighting on a small scale and taking independent, irregular actions. The Vietcong used surprise attacks and ambushes to outwit the US army. There were no front lines (like in conventional wars) and much of the fighting consisted of hit and run attacks. The Vietcong were also able to stay concealed using their underground tunnel systems and could blend with the common peasants that filled the country. This factor links to the advantages that the Vietcong had throughout the war as they gained support throughout the war from the peasants and so could carry out their tactics efficiently as a result.

    • Word count: 1446
  13. Vietnam English Creative Writing Coursework

    We woke up at around 5:30, not the nicest time to get up, we sorted our equipment out and set off at around...7:15, the weather was really wet and horrible but started to dry off through out the day, we had to get on the choppers most of the way but when we arrived we had to do most of it by foot. While we were on the 'Chinooks', we got orders from Lieutenant Calley to kill anything that walks even women and children, most of us believed that was a bit hard but orders are orders.

    • Word count: 607
  14. Tactics used by both sides in the Vietnam War.

    The trail was named the Ho Chi Mihn trail after the Vietcong leader. The trail travelled through nearby friendly countries and it had hundreds of different ways, so that if one trail was found or blown up then the Vietcong could change to the next trail. The one exception to the Guerrilla war was the Tet offensive in 1968. The Tet offensive was a change in the tactics used by the Vietcong, from guerrilla warfare to conventional warfare. The Vietcong simultaneously launched an attack on every major city and town in the south of Vietnam that were held by the American troops.

    • Word count: 1788
  15. Military tactics used by both the USA and the Vietcong forces in Vietnam in the 1960’s

    Min instructed his rebel army to "Nibble at the enemy" and great them with "Sniper fire". This constant harassment disturbed the US and made them nervous as they were always being attacked. By 1960, 5000 guerrilla fighters were operating in the South of Vietnam. These soldiers were deployed to win the "respect and love" of the people. The Vietcong aimed to persuade the population of the south that "only revolutions can change lives" and that their cause was the right one. As they slowly won the "Hearts and minds" of the South Vietnamese, their soldiers began to desert the US army and switch allegiance to the Vietcong.

    • Word count: 1420
  16. Describe the military tactics used by both the USA and the Vietcong forces in Vietnam in the 1960’s.

    These tactics optimised America's material and technological strengths and their perception that as a 'superpower', the heavy use of superior and sophisticated weapons would win the war. 'The USA had never lost a war and it seemed that we were ordained to play cop to the communist robber and spread our political ideas around the world.' (Source C Edexcel booklet). Attrition, a traditional method of warfare was one of the first tactics used by the USA. The aim was to wear down the enemy by killing so many of its soldiers, that it could not carry on effective resistance.

    • Word count: 1912
  17. Describe the military tactics used by both the USA and the Vietcong forces in Vietnam in the 1960s.

    The Vietcong used simple mines, made from the thousands of tonnes of explosive left by the American bombs and tin cans. They were all operated by a trip wire or a weight sensitive switch. Other weapons include small arms, like AK 47s. One problem for the Americans was that the Vietcong looked like the innocent Vietnamese and so the soldiers didn't know who was who. This was another tactic used by the Vietcong. Both sides used another tactic closely related to this during the war.

    • Word count: 1408
  18. Describe the Different Tactics used by the USA and Vietnamese in the 1960’s

    There were many other advantages that the Vietcong had one other advantage was that they had a great support. Men, women and children supported the Vietcong; they helped the Vietcong by getting essential supplies to them and repairing the supply lines from village to village. Surprisingly the Vietcong (enemy of the south) had many supporters in the south and the south often helped the Vietcong by spying on what the US soldiers were doing and reporting back. At the same time the Vietcong had a bigger allies and that was the USSR and China.

    • Word count: 1818
  19. Why did the USA become involved in Vietnam during the 1950’s and 1960’s

    The US had given $3 billion to the French to help fend off the Vietcong thus halting the 'domino effect' and were not willing for it to go to waste. The US passionately believed in the 'domino theory', it was feared that if any South-East Asian nation fell the others, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia etc would follow so Vietnam was key as it bordered them all. At first the US thought the French could fend off the Vietcong so gave $3 billion to help fund the campaign as they were still recovering from The Second World War but were defeated so Vietnam was open for the communists to take over.

    • Word count: 648
  20. What different tactics were used by both sides in an attempt to win the conflict in Vietnam between1956 and 1968?

    The effect was psychological as well as physical because they didn't know whether a villager was just a local farmer or a Vietcong fighter or sympathiser. Underneath the jungle the Vietcong dug out huge tunnel systems which they used to hide from the US troops or the ARVN searching for them. At first these were just simple dugouts to hide from enemy warplanes but by the end of the war they had developed into an extensive network. They used this tactic because of the use of chemical weapons like napalm and agent orange which cleared or de-foliated huge areas of jungle.

    • Word count: 1957
  21. Vietnam. The Tactics used by the US and the Vietcong were diverse. Americas preference of strategies being, attempting to fatally damage Vietnam with immense amounts of bombs

    This was because Vietnam did not have a large number of industrial or military targets to be bombed and any material lost was always replaced by China and the Soviet Union. A further strategy employed by the US was to remove the sparse jungle in South Vietnam as it made a perfect shelter for the Vietcong. A ten year programme of chemical defoliation named Operation Ranch Hand began in 1962. The most common defoliant was Agent Orange, which contains Dioxin that is known to cause cancer.

    • Word count: 1264
  22. What different tactics were used by both sides in an attempt to win the conflict in Vietnam between 1956 and 1968?

    This would trigger the enemy to bring in back up, and the guerrillas would retreat and slowly advance once more. They mainly operated at night and often lived in forests and rural areas to avoid soldiers. The traps set were simple but highly effective. They'd dig holes in the ground and cover them over, so soldiers would fall and break their ankles. A 'Bouncing Betty' was a mine just under the ground's surface, detonated by the disturbance of the three prongs jutting upwards.

    • Word count: 1912
  23. What Were The Tactics Used By Both Sides To Win The Vietnam War?

    B52 were used by the USA to destroy many cities, which also caused the deaths of hundreds of civilians. More bombs were dropped on North Vietnam during this war than were dropped altogether in WW2. This tactic proved to be a key factor during the war between the USA and Vietnam. The defences carried out by the USA also involved defending the air bases from which the bombers departed, as well as protecting the places where troops and new supplies arrived. Agent Orange was used by the USA to terrorise the Vietcong during the war. The Vietnamese were scared of this weapon to a great extent, as if caused cancer and lead to pregnant women giving birth to deformed children.

    • Word count: 693
  24. What different tactics were used by both sides in an attempt to win the conflict in Vietnam between 1956 and 1968?

    This would provide a basis for an ambush that would take place at night. They used ambush because a conventional war was out of the question and would almost certainly lose to the Americans. The VC/NVA also found the use of punji traps, using local materials, and mines particularly effective. These traps were of a constant fear to the American soldiers as they were so devastating in effect. This destroyed the American soldier's morale and their will to fight. To help the Vietcong the North Vietnamese government supplied them with weapons, equipment and food (usually obtained from the North Vietnams allies, China and the USSR).

    • Word count: 1958
  25. Why US Forces were unable to defeat the Vietcong

    Part of this source refers to the US downfall of what they were actually good at, set battles. The US policy of search and destroy was very unsuccessful. It was simply killing everyone in sight. This lost the support of the Vietnamese people. Ten percent of the army were on hard drugs and a large number on soft drugs and as in some cases close friends were dying in front of their eyes the soldiers felt as if they were fighting for nothing.

    • Word count: 614

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