Nuclear Weapons and Disarmament

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Nuclear Weapons are weapons of mass destruction whose explosive power derives from a nuclear reaction. These weapons were first developed by the United States of America (USA) and used in World War Two against in 1945 against the Japanese. These weapons caused huge destruction and made the Japanese surrender at once. Since then nuclear weapons have been detonated over two thousand times but that was for testing and development purposes. In 1945 when USA did bomb Japan, the nuclear weapons were still in their infancy but now A modern thermonuclear weapon weighs a little more than 1,100 kg can produce an explosive force comparable to the detonation of more than 1.2 million tonnes of TNT; therefore, even a small nuclear bomb can completely devastate an entire city by blast, fire and . Radiation of a nuclear weapon is deadly and it is very harmful to humans. Radiation is said to kill more people than the nuclear bomb itself because it has devastating effects such as death, cancer and horrible burns. Fire is another attribute of the nuclear weapons. People in the blast radius of a “Nuke” were vaporised instantly and had no chance of survival but however the further you got away from the blast the lesser the damage. A type of this weapon is napalm; however this is not class as a Nuclear weapon but its damage is long lasting. USA dropped napalm on the Vietnamese in the Vietnam War in 1956 and still today people are suffering due to long lasting diseases which have carried through to the third generation. Nuclear weapons are a whole new level of warfare and have caused scientists to make newer weapons such as biological and chemical weapons which have the same scale of damage as the nuclear weapons. Chemical weapons include agents which are made scientifically and can cause instant diseases and deaths. Biological weapons are very destructive and can destroy environments and ecospheres very rapidly. Biological weapons consist of deadly virus, bacteria and fungi which can kill by causing diseases and can wipe out a town if the get into water supply or source. Countries which have the ability or power to use the nuclear weapons are Britain, China, France, India, Pakistan, Russia, United States, and North Korea; however Iran is seeking to get them. Countries like South Africa and Japan have said that they don’t want to use nuclear weapons because they know the destruction they can cause from experience or knowledge.

Proliferation and disarmament are two very different concepts. Proliferation means rapid increase in numbers or rapid reproduction of something. In this case it is the rapid and ever growing production of nuclear weapons which are very expensive and are destructive. Disarmament is the reduction or withdrawal of military forces and weapons because they are too dangerous or are illegal. Nuclear weapons are weapons of mass destruction and one warhead can destroy a whole city hence the strong rebellion and protest to disarm them. These points are being heavily debated because countries are reproducing nuclear weapons while activists are protesting and want them to disarm them because they consider it as a large threat due to moral and religious grounds. Countries like India have over 60 nuclear weapons while countries like the USA have 10,500 nuclear weapons hence urging India to catch up and make more. People believe that it is like a competition to see who has the most and this makes it more dangerous because it can cause a chain reaction which can lead to huge destruction. This is why activists are paranoid and want countries to reduce or completely destroy the nuclear weapons which belong to them to end of the persistent threat and fear of an attack. However this is not as easy as it sounds because there is an element of trust and then there is also the worry of money used in making and costs of disposing. Trust is very important because if one country does disarm but another does not; this leaves the country which did disarm completely vulnerable to all attacks without being able to retaliate.   Money is also an issue because nuclear weapons cost a lot to make in the first place and destroying them in an eco-friendly way it will cost more money which in the end means loss of large sums of money and more or less a waste. Countries are not willing to waste this kind of money considering a nuclear warhead costs $3, 00000 million to manufacture and produce. This is why proliferation and disarmament is such a heated argument and it is hard to implement in the complex modern world.

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Nuclear weapons are weapons of mass destruction and over 50% of people support the abolition of these weapons. Famous figures such as Barack Obama and Dalai Lama and organisations such as Greenpeace International are against nuclear weapons and want a completely nuclear free world to remove the imminent threat and danger of the destruction of the planet. The quote “Nuclear power plants are, next to nuclear warheads themselves, the most dangerous devices that man has ever created. Their construction and proliferation is the most irresponsible, in fact the most criminal act ever to have taken place on this ...

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