Research into the major figures in the Renaissance.

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In about 1450, European scholars became more interested in studying the world around them. Their art became more realistic. They began to explore new lands. The new age in Europe was eventually called "the Renaissance." Renaissance is a French word that means "rebirth."

The Renaissance began in northern Italy and then spread through Europe. Italian cities such as Naples, Genoa, and Venice became centers of trade between Europe and the Middle East.

Nicolo Machiavelli was one of the most influential writers of the Renaissance. He believed Italy could not be united unless its leader was ruthless. In 1513, he wrote The Prince, where he advised rulers to be kind only of it suited their purposes. Otherwise, he warned, it is better to be feared than loved.

Leonardo da Vinci was born in 1452 in the village of Vinci. His name means Leonardo of Vinci. Leonardo began his career working for a master painter in Florence. By 1478, Leonardo left his master and set up his own workshop. People have been trying to guess the secret behind the smile of Leonardo's Mona Lisa ever since he painted it about 1505. Leonardo da Vinci is also an inventor. One his famous creation is a light hang glider and a machine resembling a helicopter. Michelangelo Buonarroti who was born in 1475 and died in 1564 Florence was one of the greatest artists of all time. Like Leonardo, Michelangelo was a "Renaissance Man" of many talents. He was a sculptor, a painter, and an architect. When Michelangelo carved a statue of Moses, he included veins and muscles in the arms and legs.

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Sir Isaac Newton who was born 25th December 1642 and died on 20th March 1727 was an English physicist and an astronomer who has been considered by many people that he is the greatest and most influential scientist who has ever lived. In 1679, Newton returned to his work on mechanics, i.e., gravitation and its effect on the orbits of planets.

Christopher Columbus was born in 1451. He was born at Genoa which is in Italy. Columbus was at the age of thirteen when he first set sail to sea. He travelled to many lands. He tried for many years to persuade kings and ...

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