Roosevelt And The New Deal

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Roosevelt And The New Deal

. USA in 1932 was in a state of depression and despair. After the Wall Street Crash in 1929, millions of jobs were lost and millions were left homeless and starving. Under the rule of President Hoover, the country's condition continued to decline and people had lost all hope of a prosperous future. Ghettos were created and were given the name 'Hoovervilles', to mock the President. Hoover believed in rugged-individualism, and he had a "laissez faire" attitude, which meant that the people had to help themselves to almost everything. There was no government organisation in place to help the poor and unemployed. Instead, Hoover thought that the problem would soon sort itself out without intervention. This however was not the case. People had lost faith in Hoover and needed something else to motivate and help them to find a new future. This came about in the 1932 election, when Franklin Roosevelt was running for President against Hoover.

Roosevelt offered a new hope to the people. His policies were the opposite to those of Hoover, and people saw this an opportunity to get out of the depression. Roosevelt believed in helping the poor and unemployed, and giving them a chance. This made people see that the only way out was to vote for Roosevelt. People also were motivated and stimulated by Roosevelt's speeches. He said "This is more than a political campaign; it is a call to arms. Give me your help, not to win votes alone, but to win in this crusade to restore America." Sentences like this showed people that Roosevelt wanted to get the country out of the depression, that it had fallen victim to. It also encouraged patriotism, which gives people a reason to help the country to get out of the mess that it was in, and that this could be done by voting for Roosevelt.

Roosevelt was supported as he gave a hope to a failing country. Hoover's policies had been in effect for 3 years and had not worked. In fact they had worsened the situation. Roosevelt was the obvious choice, as he offered a new hope to every American, and most importantly new ideas, and even if they were unproven to be effective, were better than the ideas of Hoover, which had only failed.

In conclusion, I believe that Roosevelt got more support in the 1932 election because he offered a new hope to the American people and he gave people the motivation they needed to reform the state that the failing country was in.

2. Sources B and C give very different opinions on Roosevelt and the New Deal. The sources are equally reliable and trustworthy as far as we are able to tell, as both sources are written in 1945, making them equally reliable in that perspective; and both sources are also written by American historians, for the same purposes - to educate - so only the opinion can affect the views of the writers of these sources, as far as we know. It is not stated what the social backgrounds of the writers are, for example, one view could be of a black, unemployed woman, and the other a white, well-off businessman. These 2 examples would be differently affected by Roosevelt's changes and would therefore have a different opinion on them.

Source B is very complimentary of Roosevelt and the New Deal and does nothing but praise it. In contrast to this, Source C is very critical of Roosevelt and the New Deal.

Source B shows how Roosevelt tackled the problems of the depression. The writer says how self-confidence was restored to the people. It also talks about the change from "depression and discouragement to excitement and hope." This shows how the situation changed when Roosevelt came to power. It is also written that "a more definite achievement has been the physical rebuilding of the country." This was the scheme that created employment and also helped the physical structure of the country. The writer is showing how Roosevelt successfully rebuilt the country after it had been scarred by the depression. Unemployed people were recruited to build dams, bridges and roads, along with many other projects.

The writer also comments on how Roosevelt did not run the country as a dictatorship. He writs "The charge that Roosevelt has been a dictator is not true."

The source displays the achievements of Roosevelt, but it only displays one person's view of the period.

Source C is completely different in opinion to Source B. It is very critical of Roosevelt and the policies that he undertook. The writer says nothing about the changes made when Roosevelt came to power but focuses only on his late career as President and the after effects of his work. The source also criticises the fact that the country is in a debt of $250 billion, in 1945, compared to a pre-Roosevelt debt of $19 billion. Roosevelt is being unfairly blamed for this by the writer, as the country has just been engaged in a war, which cost a lot of money, so the New Deal cannot be proven to be a waste of money by this figure. The source also says that Roosevelt ran the country as a dictator, clashing with the views of the writer of Source B.
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The reasons for the differences in judgement of the New Deal between sources B and C cannot be put down to one thing, as not enough is known about the writer's backgrounds or political opinions.

In conclusion, the two source's opinions on the New Deal differ dramatically in a number of ways. Source B focuses mainly on the early years of the New Deal and the short term effects, whilst source C focuses on the after effects of the New Deal, in 1945. The short term effects could be viewed as positive by both writers, along with ...

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