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Sir Francis Drake

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23rd September Sir Francis Drake Francis Drake was an Elizabethan sailor and navigator and was the first English man to circumnavigate the world. He was born around the year of 1541, on an estate near Tavistock (Devon). Drake was the eldest of an amazing 11 brothers. His Father was a pure protestant, who used to be a sailor. During the period when the bible became English from Latin, the Drakes had to move away from Tavistock because of violence near their home, and they lost all their possessions. At the age of 18, the young Francis Drake began work as a ship trader journeying to and from the Bay of Biscay. ...read more.


In December 1577, Drake was secretly commissioned by Elizabeth I to set off on an expedition against the Spanish colonies on the American pacific coast. Having started the journey with 5 ships, on reaching the Pacific Ocean in October 1578, only one remained, Drake's flagship, the pelican, later named the Golden Hind. To reach the Pacific, Drake became the first Englishman to navigate the Straits of Magallam. They reached the southern tip of America and began their journey north, towards Chile. They sailed as far as Canada searching for a route across to the Atlantic, sailing up the west coast of America, further than any other European, having destroyed many Spanish ships along the way. ...read more.


In 1587 war with Spain was imminent and Drake entered drake entered the port of Cadiz and destroyed 30 of the ships the Spanish were assembling against the British. In 1588 Drake was made a Vice Admiral and sent on a mission to defeat the Spanish Armada and thanks to his tactics, he successfully beat the Spanish. Drakes last expedition was with his cousin, John Hawkins on a voyage to the West Indies, however this time, the Spanish were prepared for him and the venture was a disaster. Drake died on the 28th January 1596 of dysentery off the coast of Puerto Rico his cousin dying at the same time. Their bodies were buried at sea. ...read more.

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