The 1939 evacuation of London was well organised. Discuss.

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‘’The 1939 evacuation of London was well organised’’

The British government tried to evacuate all the children during the early years of world war two in order to protect the most valuable thing to the country, and that was the future generation. Aerial bombardment was expected due to advances in technology, this meant that the population were no longer safe and it was likely that they would find themselves in the front line of the German attacks. They believed that the main cities would be the main target for air attacks. It was agreed that children should be evacuated out of the cities, they were sent to the country where it was safer. The evacuation was first carried out in 1939 after the outbreak of war. Some people believed it was well organised whilst others claimed it was a ‘’shambles’’.

Some people argued that the evacuation was well organised, source A supports this. Source A is a photograph showing the evacuation looking well organised; the children are lined up and there looks to be no real confusion or panic. Each child had a label and a gas mask with them; this shows us that the officials had issued these out to the children as they arrived at the station. London county council officials are overseeing the evacuation. This is a photo was taken on the first day of the evacuation. I have assumed that this source is reliable because it is a photo; however it could have been staged to reassure other mothers sending their children away.

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Source C supports source A, the source is a hand written account made by an evacuation officer called Eileen Potter. It mentions the London County Council officers helping with the evacuation, this was also seen in source A. ‘’hardly any tears’’ suggests that it was calm and organised. The children must have understood what the evacuation involved, therefore the government had organised it well. This is a reliable source because it is a first-hand account, she took part in the evacuation and witnessed the events unfold. She could have possibly wanted to make it seem as she was ...

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