The Consolidation of Hitler's Power.

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The Consolidation of Hitler’s Power

On 28th January 1933, General von Schleicher resigned as Chancellor of Germany, and Hitler, on 30th January was appointed as his replacement. Although President Hindenburg, whose duty it was to appoint a Chancellor originally hated and distrusted Hitler, he was persuaded to select Hitler as Chancellor by Franz von Papen. With this additional power, as well as a Nazi Party majority in the Reichstag, Hitler was able to gain more and more power. Germany was, during 1933 and 1934 moving rapidly towards a dictatorship. Other parties such as the Communists and Social Democrats who opposed Nazism were being outlawed and dismantled. Other events such as the Reichstag fire of 1933, the Enabling Act of 1933 and The Night of Long Knives of 1944 eliminated opposition and allowed Hitler to display and consolidate power. Although methods of intimidation and propaganda were utilised in order to increase Hitler’s power and support, these events were carried out relatively legally. To a large extent, Hitler initiated many of these events, or used them to his own advantage in order to consolidate his power.

On January 28 1933, Von Schleicher resigned as Chancellor. Although Hitler was involved in meetings with von Papen to remove von Schleicher, it was Hindenburg who ultimately offered Hitler the position of Chancellor. Von Papen, a member of the Nationalist Party was also involved in this decision, as it was he who persuaded Hindenburg to give Hitler the Chancellorship. Largely, it was the actions of others who consolidated Hitler’s power by making him Chancellor.

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On 27 February 1933, the Reichstag building was set on fire. The police found a Dutch Communist, van der Lubbe inside the building, nd he was arrested and charged for the incident. Although it is uncertain whether or not van der Lubbe or the Communist Party were responsible for the fire, or whether it was a Nazi set up, Hitler used the evidence that van der Lubbe was found in the building as proof that the Communists were plotting to overthrow the government. That night, 4000 Communist leaders were imprisoned. As a result of this Communist fear increased significantly ...

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