The Cuban Missile Crisis

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Tom Scrope          20 March 2009                   St. Oswald’s        David Topham

        The Cuban Missile Crisis

Cuban Missile Crisis Project

The Cuban Missile Crisis was a confrontation between the USA the USSR and Cuba, because Fidel Castro, the Cuban dictator, was allowing Soviet missiles into Cuba, hugely increasing their strategic potential against the USA. It was in the early 1960’s and is arguably the closest the world has ever come to nuclear war. It was the major confrontation between the two countries in the Cold War, which dominated the middle of the 20th Century.

In 1959, Communist Fidel Castro overthrew the American-backed dictator Batista. This brought an end to the long standing alliance between the USA and Cuba. As Cuba was now a communist state they immediately became allies with others around the globe, most notably the USSR. This expansion of Communism scared the USA as it went against what their Constitution stood for: freedom.

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Since 1960 the Soviet shad been supplying Castro with arms, and American intelligence knew about this. This pushed the relationship between the countries downhill, until in January 1961, the USA broke of all diplomatic relations with Cuba.

In April 1961 President John F. Kennedy supplied a group of anti-Castro exiles with arms in order to invade Cuba and overthrow Castro. The 14,000 exiles landed at the Bay of Pigs and where annihilated by 20,000 Cuban troops with more modern weapons. The invasion failed miserably and in the Communists eyes showed Kennedy as a weak President who was not prepared ...

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