The end of Apartheid

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History Essay

Who was the more important in bringing about the end of the Apartheid and the minority rule in South Africa, Nelson Mandela or president de Klerk?

        Within this essay I am going to discuss who was more important in bringing about the end of Apartheid in South Africa, Nelson Mandela or President de Klerk. I will also discuss why their actions were so vital to the end of minority rule in South Africa. Nelson Mandela was born on July 18, 1918. He was also the leader of the ANC youth league and the main protestor for black rights within South Africa, He later went on to create the MK, Umkhonto we Sizwe. He was later imprisoned in 1963 and remained there for 27 years. Mandela then became prime minister of South Africa from 1994 to 1999. De Klerk was born in 1936. He was also prime minister but from 1989 to 1994. De Klerk is known best for his help in ending Apartheid; he helped end apartheid by releasing their main campaigner from prison, Nelson Mandela.

        Mandela joined the ANC youth league in 1942; he later became leader of the same organization. Him joining the ANC youth league meant that he had more political power and could help the colored races to equality. He also played huge parts in the National day of Protest,  Defiance campaign and the freedom charter, he helped these by making them more organized and helped create powerful –protests through South Africa. These three main protests were hugely important in bringing the end of Apartheid, these made the government think that the ANC was a threat and they would have to think harder about how to stop them. These were also greatly helpful to the fall of Apartheid by giving the colored races more confidence and belief that they can help end apartheid. Soon the government realised that

        Nelson Mandela formed Umkhonto we Sizwe as the ANC would not drop its policy as non-violent protestors. This made it harder for them to push for equality which Mandela knew and decided he must take action and create MK (Umkhonto we Sizwe). MK also had a policy but it was that they would create violent protests as long as there was never any loss of life involved. This method of violence was used to storm huge political buildings of the white South African Government, which gave them bigger respect throughout South Africa. MK also managed to help increase the number of people joining the ANC as they were forced to change their policy as well. Eventually the MK Failed to stick to its policy of no loss of life in the process of gaining rights and men were killed, they had to push on however as they knew they were fighting for all black South African people.

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        Mandela was placed in prison for 27 years, this meant he had no contact with the ANC or Umkhonto we Sizwe. This made it harder for both the organisations, as they didn’t have any strong leaders as most were imprisoned, and for Mandela, as he could not help forced protests and make the government abolish Apartheid. While inside Mandela helped protest and get better living conditions for the jailed, he also encouraged education inside prison and created political debates with inmates. He also managed to protest against apartheid while inside by not giving up to any of the government demands, ...

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