• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The main reasons for partition within Ireland

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why was there conflict in Northern Ireland before 1960? Many events happened to lead up to the splitting of Ireland and conflict from the catholic war, with William of orange to the guerrilla war between IRA (Irish republican army) and with English army and Protestants. The more recent events that occurred in Ireland caused the separation of the country. The earliest was the Easter rising, when during the first world war Irish rebels took control off public buildings in Dublin, they were executed without trial, subsequently many Irish people fighting for England felt betrayed, and people living in Britain felt sorry for Ireland, the people killed were seen as martyrs. 2 years after the incident in Dublin the unpopular Sinn Fein (created by Eamon de Valera Sinn Fein Gaelic for "Ourselves alone") ...read more.

Middle

The Anglo Irish war or The Irish war of independence occurred during 1919 - 1921. The IRA became a little too powerful and corrupt they did bitter killings in Northern Ireland killing many English and Irish protestants. They were doing this to "discourage" any Unionists gatherings; this ultimately led to the Black and tans. The group of IRA hunting army called "The black and Tans." (They got their name as many ex-militants from ww1 joined them and there was not enough uniform to go around, they were also predominantly Protestants). The were ruthless "shoot first, questions later" group, they burnt house to the ground, tortured civilians for IRA information and did open massacres, the famous one being the attack in a football stadium killing twelve Irishmen. ...read more.

Conclusion

The final decision, The Partition was formed to solve the fighting, the terrorist attacks and needless bitter killing. In December 1921 England came up with the idea that Ireland will have two different parliaments, one for the six counties of Ulster and the 26 counties of Ireland. Unionists and nationalists disapproved and reluctantly accepted. De Valera a Sinn Fein representative told all members of the Dail Eireann (Irish Parliament) not to accept the Treaty, but Michael Collins the IRA leader signed the treaty and said " will anyone be satisfied at the bargain? I tell you this early in the morning I signed my death warrant" this came true as he died in the civil was between those who opposed the treaty and those who were for it. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. Ireland coursework-Part AIreland has had a lot of trouble over the years for many ...

    The soldiers that were sent to control the "scoop-up operation to arrest as many hooligans and rioters as possible" were the first battalion of the parachute regiment specialists in fierce attacks, not crowd control. The march went peacefully until crowds gathered at the army barriers to protest against the re-routing, stones were thrown and insults shouted at the soldiers.

  2. The Real IRA

    Hilton International, Radisson, and Holiday Inn International. Only time will tell if Ireland can overcome its history of setbacks and gain control of its tourist potential. One of the setbacks that have most severely hampered Ireland's viability as a tourist spot came compliments of the Real IRA (Omagh).

  1. Northern Irelandsince c.1960 - questions and answers

    In the whole of Ireland Protestant's were a minority and in Northern Ireland they were a majority so they felt the need to justify themselves politically. The Protestant politicians denied all allegations that they discriminated against Catholics. They said that each of the decisions made were individually and totally justifiable.

  2. What are the main differences between the believes of the Unionists and the Nationalists?

    No Catholic may join the army or navy. No Catholic may possess a horse of greater value than �5. Any protestant offering that sum may take possession of a horse of his Catholic neighbour. Catholics keeping guns are liable to whipping.

  1. The History of Conflict in Ireland.

    The government believed that Catholics didn't want to be part of the state and were working to undermine the state, and one of the things that they did, that the government did, was to practice a form of discrimination. It was not systematic, it worked more strongly in some areas

  2. What Were the Characteristics of Ulster Unionism From the 1880's Until The Partition?

    In February 1886 Rudolph Churchill crossed to Ulster stating boldly that there were English hearts- 'aye, and English hands'- which would not leave the protestant Ulstermen in the Lurch. The second of these was the economic argument: Rudolph Churchill wrote that the 'orange card was the one to play'; and

  1. Describe and explain the reactions of Unionist groups to: a. The Partition Treaty of ...

    was a developing deep rooted fear of the Catholic Nationalists and their links with the South. In the Treaty the North of Ireland had been given its own government this was supposed to look after the interests of the Catholics as well as the Protestants, but because there were more

  2. Ireland - What are the main differences between the beliefs of the Republicans/Nationalists and ...

    Choose two events in the last 100 years that are particularly important in shaping the views of today's: (a) Loyalists / Unionists / Protestants; Home Rule 1880 - 1914 Home Rule really is at the heart of all the conflict in Northern Ireland.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work