The slave trade essay

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The Slave Trade –Essay

The slave trade took place between 1600-1800. It was a very big part of the British history.  The Slave trade changed Britain and West Africa a great deal. Both nations people were affected by the trade some in a good way and some in not such a good way. The rights and freedom of Black people were seized away from them.

    In 1800 Britain had three major colonies Canada, India, and Australia. The most valuable colony was India this was because India produced many raw materials which Britain did not produce. Britain forced their colonies to export materials to them, Britain then imported them, mage them into products and then exported them to other countries. This was the beginning of the trade. Britain made huge profits by doing this.  

    Liverpool, Bristol, and London were the main cities in which the trading took place. Ships were built here many people had to load and unload cargo of the ships. A vast majority of people worked at these ports. Once all the ships had been loaded with the materials, food would be loaded on. After the Napoleonic war in France Britain’s role in the slave trade increased. Britain then started to transport 60% of the slaves. The ships     then sailed from Liverpool to West Africa.

   In West Africa the ships would be unloaded and Africans would trade, they would give the British more valuable goods. In West Africa the kings of Benin fought many wars against other tribes. Their soldiers won easily because they the kings bought guns from white traders. As more land was being taken over by the kings they encouraged the slave trade. African raiders from inland tribes attacked villagers and kidnapped them. The villagers were kidnapped without any cost they were then sold to other black traders for money. They would then become slaves. The white Europeans were in charge of the slave trade.            

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    The middle passage was the journey between West Africa and the West Indies. The slaves were boarded on the ships here.  Slavers waited until they were out of sight of land before allowing the saves on the deck because the slavers “tight packed” their ships this meant that the slaves were crammed together in one room and had a limited amount of space to move. Doing this was illegal. The slavers would also board their ships with fresh water, fruit, and meat which they had bought from West Africa. This food would last them the journey.


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