• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The underlying cause of the conflict between Northern Ireland (Ulster) and The Republic of Ireland (Eire) is religion

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐The conflict in Northern Ireland The situation in Northern Ireland is a classic example of separatism. Separatism refers to the move of a minority group or region within a country, towards greater independence or 'separation' from the country that governs it. Northern Ireland has a long and extensive history, therefore condensing it's history may be difficult for the uttermost professionals, however, this report aims to condense the situation in Northern Ireland, including only the significant and effective events. The underlying cause of the conflict between Northern Ireland (Ulster) and The Republic of Ireland (Eire) is religion. In Northern Ireland, the dominant religion is Protestant, however in The Republic of Ireland, most of the population is Catholic. This is clearly shown in Fig 1, which shows that Protestants living in Ireland are definitely the inferior group. However, Fig 2 challenges this as it illustrates there are a fair amount of both Catholics and Protestants living in the country. ...read more.


For over thirty years, the conflict between nationalists and unionists within Northern Ireland led to a large amount of recurring violence, known as the 'Troubles', which began in the late 1960s. In all, 3254 people were killed. One of the worst events in Northern Ireland's history was in 1972, known as b****y Sunday in which 26 innocent people were killed by the British Army. Individuals and their families were also put under interment by the IRA. This is the detention of people without trial, usually in prisons this method of torture began in 1971, and lasted for 4 long years, until eventually ending in 1975. Eventually in April 1998, The Good Friday Agreement was established. This is a political agreement in the Northern Ireland peace process, which sought to address a multi-party agreement throughout Northern Ireland, relationships between Northern Ireland and the Republic, as well as an international agreement between the British and Irish Governments. An overall of this agreement has been condensed on the attached sheets (see Resource 1). ...read more.


People in both Eire and Ulster have shown signs of union-ship, i.e. In Northern Ireland, there are many peace walls which say things such as 'prepared for peace'. Unfortunately, the wall also says 'ready for war'. This suggests that the conflict between Northern Ireland will also be a reminder to the several years of unrest for civilians, and hence they will be willing to fight for their ancestors, whether this means a war between the Republicans or just prejudice against them. (See Fig. 3) Honestly, I think that there is not anything that can be done in the future to ensure peace. I think these two countries may be working in harmony together - through their political leaders, however, the two groups will never be associated with peace, no matter what lengths people go to. All we can do as geographers, is aim to think of methods to maintain this harmony, and help these countries not to regress back to the troubled times. But to ensure there is a sustainable concord in tact, for now at least. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. Causes of conflict in Northern Ireland.

    for the Irish Catholics especially the Catholics living in Northern Ireland who had to remain in the U.K. This was also an important cause of conflict because it defined who ruled most of Ireland. And Northern Ireland is still rued by Britain. This was a long term cause of conflict.

  2. Conflict in Ireland

    Those captured were ordered to be executed individually on a weekly basis, this decision was seen as barbaric, gradually more civilians grew sympathy towards the nationalists and public opinions changed, nationalist supporters steadily grew. The executions turned out to work in favour of the rebels.

  1. Northern Ireland

    When he was asked why Catholics were not often given jobs he said, 'How can you give somebody who is your enemy a higher position in order to allow them to come and destroy you?' Ian Paisley saw Northern Ireland's Catholics as being a threat to Northern Ireland's Protestants and the Protestant way of life.

  2. Irish History

    b****y Sunday has joined the long list of dates in Irelands' history to be remembered with bitterness and anger. On Sunday 30th January 1972, a large crowd of Civil Rights marchers gathered in Derry to protest against internment. The army was sent by the unionist government to prevent the march

  1. Modern world study - Conflict in Ireland

    from Britain, only that it had its own government which would be fair to both Protestants and Catholics. In 1918 the Irish people, both Protestant and Catholic voted on the future of Ireland, the outcome was that Ireland would have Home rule but stay part of the British empire.

  2. Which of the main 3 events had the biggest impact on the history of ...

    The events of this day 'b****y Sunday' caused outrage to the people and many thought the British were in the wrong. The short term impact of this was an increase in violence against the British army and Government as people wanted their revenge.

  1. History of Ireland

    Catholic priest could lead him to be biased against the British armed forces because he may not want them in Ireland. Having said this, it will cause the Irish to be very angry and they will think of the British as murderous and heartless people which will increase tension between them.

  2. The Conflict In Ireland

    After pressure from the loyalist paramilitaries more people were forced to join. The support became so great that northern Ireland came to a halt. The power sharing agreement resigned on May 27th. Northern Ireland was back to Direct Rule. Personally I think this agreement was a good idea and could have been very successful.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work