• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

to what extent was Ireland moving toward an Irish Ireland rather than a British Ireland towards the early 1900-discuss

Extracts from this document...


To What Extent Was Ireland Moving Toward 'An Irish Ireland' Rather Than A 'British Ireland' By 1900-Discuss In the 1860s Ireland was ruled from Westminster via Dublin castle and was part of the British empire. A large number of Irish people still did not have a vote. Members of parliament were interested in representing the bourgeosie and the middle classes. The results of Famine years 1845-50 had meant that one and a half million people had either died or left the island; Whilst under the protection of Britain. Its legacy gave rise to an embittered quest for Home Rule in Ireland.(The ideology that the government of a country should stem from that particular country as opposed to another)And saw the emergence of the Fenian movement; headed by James Stephens (and John O Mahoney in America).) A highly charged political and catholic orientated organisation, (1) 'Dedicated to secrecy and the establishment of an Irish democratic republic.' (see also 1848 rebellion) (2) 'The organisation inevitably attracted police attention, catholic church opposition and competition from constitutional nationalists. However the fenian movement was not deterred easily and after two minor risings in February/March 1867 (3) 'Agitation for an amnesty for fenian prisoners and outrage at the execution of the Manchester martyrs,(Larkin,O Brien,O Meara-Allen) ...read more.


After the general election in 1885 Parnell would be leader of an 86 strong party in Westminster. Running concurrently (1885) was the setting up of the Irish patriotic and loyalist movement.(the province of Ulster was 75% protestant of Anglican descent and wished to remain loyal to the british crown.) set up to encourage unionist support to oppose home rule. This organisation had strong parliamentary influence in Westminster and would use its influence to defiantly oppose home rule. In return British parliamentarians would see obvious electoral possibilities. In 1886 Gladstone introduced the first home rule bill. The bill was not successful. Land issues surrounding Ireland during this period (1860-1900) were very bitter. Many MPs in London possessed land in Ireland And did not want to give it up. The land was reaping significant dividends. It was fertile and good for grazing livestock. Britain had used Ireland as an important outlet for british goods en-route to America. The legacy of the famine had also meant the way was open for more British buyers to acquire the land. Those who could afford to buy were obviously anti-home rule. There were strong links with Britain. Ulster was thriving in industry in Linen, flax and wool. Big buisness' such as Harland&Wolff were also dependant upon ties with Britain to further their economic prosperity, and in turn that of the people of Belfast. ...read more.


Sir Henry Wilson. A british version of the Ulster Covenant had been launched in the british press by a lord Alfred Milner; Partially written by Seely and dictated by Wilson; Which read: 'I...of...earnestly convinced of the claim of the government to carry the home rule bill Without submitting it to the judgement of the nation; Do here-by solemnly declare that if that bill is passed I shall hold myself justified in taking or supporting any action that may be effective to prevent it being put it into operation.'(esp.in Ulster) In the early 20th Century in Belfast a certain Quaker Bulmer Hobson and Catholic Denis Mc Cullough founded an organisation called 'The Dungannon Clubs. They preached seperatism, attacked recruiting to the crown forces the navy or police. Hobson and Mc Cullough agreed with Griffith; That there was no such thing as English mercy. Griffith inverted the argument of Cooke more than a century previously: 'Ireland has maintained a representation of 103 men in the English parliament for 108 years ...The 103 Irishmen are faced with 567 foreigners ...Irishmen will marvel they once believed the proper battle-ground for Ireland was one chosen and filled by Irelands enemies.' The Dungannon Clubs began to merge with the Sinn Fein movement; A name given to those who supported Irish Independence; as opposed to home rule.) The name in English means 'And Ourselves' ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. Conflict in Ireland

    James Connolly: 'We have no foreign enemy except the treacherous government of England - a government that even whilst it is calling us to die for it, refuses to give a straight answer to our demand for home rule'. The coincidental occurrence of the First World War played in slight favour of the rebels, England was at war.

  2. Northern Ireland

    This meant the North Ward would have 8 Unionist/ Protestant councillors. The Waterside Ward would have 4 Unionist/Protestant councillors. The third (south ward) had a vast majority of Catholics. This meant that South Ward would have 8 Nationalist/Catholic councillors. This altogether meant that Londonderry would have 12 Protestant councillors and 8 Catholic councillors.

  1. How successful were the British Government in brining peace to Ireland?

    The agreement was an achievement and pleased most people but the real IRA planted a b**b in Omagh which killed 29 people including a pregnant women. But although this was a great disaster it turned many Catholics away from violence and the IRA which was a good thing and it also increased support of the agreement.

  2. History of Ireland

    To help maintain their dominance they also intimidate the Catholics by marching through predominantly Catholic areas and chanting anti-Catholic songs, such as, 'slaughter the Papists one by one'. From this lyric it is clear that the march does not attempt to unite the communities but instead is rubbing the power

  1. Conflict In Ireland

    They had been building up an army from 1915, combining the Irish National Volunteers and Irish Republican Brotherhood (IRB) later they were joined by The Irish Citizens Army. They seized six places, the GPO, the Four Courts, Boland's Mill, St.

  2. Northern Ireland

    To answer this question I will write about the origins of the conflict and how events have lead to the bad feeling growing between the two religions. The origin of the conflict began when Henry the eighth made a break from the Catholic Church in 1534.

  1. Northern Ireland Essay

    Prize for beginning the peace People movement, in which 20000 people took part in a peace rally in Belfast in August 1976, and 20000 people took part in a peace march in a loyalist area. Also, there was a peace in Londonderry which 25000 took part in for the peace people.

  2. Which political party, Conservative or Liberal, was more threatened by events in Ireland in ...

    By the summer of 1914 the balance of power changed. The UVF were well armed and Unionists were in a position of strength in Ulster. The government had write of the threats of the Ulster Unionists as a bluff but now they were treated seriously.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work