Was the policy of appeasement justified? 500 words. Appeasement was a policy utilised most famously by Great Britain from 1936-1938 against Germany. Appeasement is a diplomatic policy of making political or material concessions to a power in order to avoid a threatened conflict. British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain used this towards Nazi Germany. One one hand, Europe was still recovering from the Great Depression. By delaying Hitler from causing war, or stopping him altogether, Chamberlain could focus money on increasing social welfare rather than on the military, thus
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decreasing the amount of unemployed people. People were also converting to Pacifism- they would welcome anything as long as another war didn’t break out, as they still had the thoughts of the First World War in their head. Britain's Empire was also another concern. It had come under threat from Japan in the east, and there were talks of rebellion in the Middle East. Thus 20,000 soldiers had to be diverted there in 1938. Countries under Britain’s rule, such as Canada and South Africa, said that they would not go to war in favour of Britain in case of war over Czechoslovakia. People in Britain were feeling more sympathetic to Germany, as they felt that the treaty of Versailles had been too harsh.Britain also couldn’t be sure of success if she went to war at the time of appeasement. Britain had no allies in the Austrian region, and some of her colonies also refused to help. The USA became isolationist, and France was in an unstable situation. The League of Nations had proven itself to be ineffective at enforcing decisions. Britain was militarily weak- it had majorly disarmed in the 1920s. Britain’s Chiefs of Staff consistently warned Chamberlain that Britain was in no condition to start a war. Nazi propaganda led Britain to believe that Germany was a lot more powerful than it actually was. If Britain pulled its troops, then Japan and Italy might have started to take advantage of Hitler’s over-stretched forces. By delaying Hitler, taking to time to rearm at a speedy pace and allowing the political situation in France to cool. And, in the end, Britain won the Second World War. On the other hand, appeasement is morally wrong. Giving in to Hitler’s demands when he was clearly doing questionable acts only served to prove to Hitler that Britain and France were weak, and thus gave him the confidence that he needed to go on to attack Poland. Also, appeasement failed in the end- World War 2 is proof of that. It allowed Hitler to grow stronger- allowing him to join with Austria in Anschluss on the 12th of March 1938 provided him with a strong army and more supplies. It also let the Germans “slander” the Czechs. The lack of action from Britain and France also startled Stalin into signing the Pact of Steel on 22 May 1939 with Hitler, which could have ended up with Britain and France losing the War.