What are the key features of the Arab Israeli War 1948-50

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One key feature of the Arab-Israeli War of 1948-49 was the reason that it happened. The British had left Palestine in August of 1947, and had handed back the mandate to the UN. This led to the drawing up of the UN Partition Plan, which split the state of Palestine roughly 50/50, with the Jews obtaining the fertile coastal land, as well as the port of Jaffa, while the Arabs took the infertile Negev Desert and the Golan Height. The partition plan passed in the UN, although all Arab states voted against it. On the 14th of May 1948, David Ben-Gurion, leader of the Jewish Agency, announced the formation of the state of Israel, and on the 15th of May, the Arab countries attacked, refusing to recognise the state’s existence.

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This links to what happened in the war itself, after the immediate attack by the Arabs. Initially, the war was very close, but after 2 weeks, Bernadotte from the UN called a truce. During this time, Israel was able to receive the weapons it had ordered from Czechoslovakia, from Skoda. These weapons were very effective, and after the truce had ended with the assassination of Bernadotte, the Arabs were easily pushed back. The Arab were united under the command of King Abdullah of Jordan, but it was apparent that the Arab states were fighting for their own gain rather ...

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