• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What were the key features of the Yom Kippur War 1973

Extracts from this document...


Ned Jacobs History What were the key features of the Yom Kippur War (1973)? After the Six Day War there was a growing discontent between the Israelis and the Arabs. The UN resolution 242 failed to bring peace and resolve land disputes. The Israelis began building Jewish settlements in the West Bank and Sinai; this frustrated the Arabs, due to a vast amount of Arab civilians still claiming Israel had no right to exist. Anwar Sadat replaced General Nasser, after his death in 1970. Sadat was convinced that to gain support in the Middle East, he must start a war with limited aims, a defeat upon Israel would force them onto the negotiating table. Therefore, on the 6th October 1973, the holiest day of the year for the Jewish people, known as Yom Kippur, Egypt and Syria attacked Israel. ...read more.


Israel for the first few days suffered hundreds of casualties and lost nearly 150 planes; due to the Soviets weapons being highly affective, such as SAGGAR?s which were anti-tank missiles. America saw it as their duty to supply Israel, giving them a vast amount of weapons including anti-missile-missiles to beat the Soviets SAM?s and phantom jets. The tide of the war began to turn on the 10th October, in which the Syrians were pushed back. The Soviet Union Responded by sending airlifts to Damascus and Cairo, this was soon answered on the 12th and 13th October by a massive US airlift to Israel. The war became a second front for the Cold War, which could have lead to another World War. The Israelis destroyed the Egyptian army, who had moved beyond the cover, or umbrella, of the SAMS on the Canal. ...read more.


The war destroyed Israel?s image of an invincible army, killing 2,800 Israeli soldiers, whilst the Arabs lost 16,000 soldiers. The war gave the Arabs a belief and confidence in what they would pursue in the future, making Sadat a hero. One Arab newspaper said, ?The Yom Kippur War has marked the survival of the Arab fighting spirit?. However a key consequence from the war was a vast increase in oil prices; prices rose up to 70%, which led to worldwide inflation and recessions in 1974-75. This economic slump gave the Arab oil-exporting countries the idea in which they would be able to punish pro-Israeli countries. After the war a UN Disengagement Observer Force occupied a buffer zone between Israel and Syrian forces, in an attempt to stop any future conflicts. The war taught Egypt and Israel, but not Syria, that some move towards each other would be needed to stop constant war. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1945-1991 essays

  1. Arab Israeli Conflict

    The Palestinian people are humiliated in their own country with roadblocks and checkpoints on nearly all roads. The Palestinians must have correct ID to be able to pass these checkpoints, and if not, for many, it means that they will be unable to go to work.

  2. Why has there been conflict between Israel and her Arab neighbours since 1973?

    In 2002, Israel decided to build a wall in the West bank. This was meant to protect Jewish settlements and make it more difficult for suicide bombers to enter Israel. There was an obvious need for some kind of protection, as over 130 suicide bombers had crossed into Israel from the West Bank.

  1. Question 2. Explain why the rest of the World is so interested in the ...

    This was never set up. The UK recognized the de facto control of Israel and Jordan, but not control. In 1967, Israel occupied East Jerusalem, which the UK considers an illegal military occupation. Arab Nations frequently present the Arab-Israeli conflict as a religious conflict of the Muslims against the Jews.

  2. Castro's revolution: WOMEN

    The dramatic increase in women's participation in the medical field did nothing to diminish its value in the culture, as it has remained the most prestigious career field in Cuba. Reproductive health has been among the principal goals of Cuba's health revolution.

  1. Cold War Short Essays - Questions and Answers.

    One key feature of the Arms Race was that Truman announced the development of the atomic b**b in the Potsdam conference of July/August 1945. Although Stalin did not show visible interest in this mew development, he was highly worried about the threat the atomic b**b would pose to soviet control over Eastern European countries.

  2. Edexcel Cold War 1943-1991 Revision (Detailed)

    This proved to be a poor idea as Nagy was far more liberal. October 1956 ? Kruschev sent troops and tanks to Budapest to restore peace. 25th October tanks open fired killing twelve. Gero resigned and a few days later Nagy took over as prime minister (following Kadar?s few days in charge)

  1. What were the key features of the Suez War

    There is not even the smallest place for negotiations.? Nasser later nationalised the Suez Canal, announcing his intentions to use the funds to build the Aswan d*m. This act irritated Eden, in which he privately declared his intentions to ?destroy? Nasser.

  2. Cold War Summary, quotes and revision notes.

    Biggest differnence with past conflicts was the existence of atomic weapons. The A-b**b was the factor that influenced American public to have American troops stationed in Europe post WW2. USA - 1945 on - possession of A-b**b meant it could use all its atomic weapons to protect USA interests.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work