Why did communism collapse in Eastern Europe and the USSR?

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Why did communism collapse in Eastern Europe and the USSR?

There are many reasons that led to the collapse of communism in Eastern Europe and the USSR. Communism was struggling throughout the 1980’s and policies and treaties that were introduced, such as Solidarity and The Sinatra Doctrine were not helping its strength and support.  As more and more revolutions against the ideology were sparked, the domino affect came in to play, creating huge gaps in the iron curtain and ultimately leading to the collapse of communism not just in Eastern Europe but throughout the superpower of Russia as well.

One factor that played a role in the collapse of communism in Eastern Europe and also the USSR was the reforms and policies of Michael Gorbachev. Gorbachev abandoned the Brezhnev Doctrine, which was the Soviet Unions policy of intervening with a communist country if they were under the threat of invasion. Instead, Gorbachev created the Sinatra Doctrine. This contributed to the collapse of communism greatly as it stated that the Soviet leadership had decided to let all countries including its Warsaw Pact allies determine their own form of government, which was against the rules of communism. In 1986, Gorbachev continued an anti-alcohol program that he previous ruler, Andropov, had started. The price of vodka was increased, the legal drinking age was increased from 18 to 21 and the number of hours in which people could by alcohol were dropped. He hoped this would discourage workers from drinking and therefore improve the employees work rate and boosting the economy. This plan failed and Gorbachev was hated for it.

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Gorbachev’s policies of ‘Glasnost’ and ‘Perestroika’ also contributed to the collapse of communism. The USSR’s economy had been severely weakened by the arms race, which had been continued and accelerated by Ronald Reagan pumping $32 billion into Americas defense spending. Gorbachev’s policies of glasnost and perestroika (openness and restructuring) were intended to boost the USSR’s economy by creating more freedoms for every day life in Russia. However, these policies did not boost the economy at all but simply made no difference. The freedoms of speech, which had been granted by Gorbachev, backfired on him. Quickly, radio stations were picking floors ...

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