• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the United States become involved in the war in Vietnam?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Question 1- Why did the United States become involved in the war in Vietnam? The United States entered the Vietnam War incrementally, in a series of steps between 1950 and 1965. Furthermore prior to this America had been historically engaged in Vietnam for a number of years. In fact during the Second World War when Japan had overrun Vietnam (the French Indo-China colony) the US had supported and supplied the Vietminh as they shared a common enemy. After World War 2 the US had emerged as one of the two world superpowers, the other being the USSR with whom they embarked on a Cold War due to an extreme clash in ideologies. As a result of this the US promoted anti-communist thinking and developed further their policy of containment of which the Truman Doctrine was an outcome. Initially the US was present in Vietnam in a military advisory capacity however the Gulf of Tonkin incident in 1964 triggered an assertion of an active military presence. The first American ground troops landed in South Vietnam in March 1965 and this number escalated to 150,000 stationed in the country by December 1965. The war was soon to dominate public opinion through its representation by the media not only for the huge loss of lives but also for the colossal economic impact it had on America. ...read more.

Middle

As a result of involvement expanding incrementally they supported and installed a puppet government led by Ngo Dinh Diem which became another basis for their future militarial role in the war in Vietnam. Diem's government were corrupt and deceitful, and failed to gain the favour of the South Vietnamese people, as a result there was a rapid spread of sympathy towards the Vietminh and in 1959 the Vietcong was formed which consequently meant that the USA had to enhance their support to stop South Vietnam falling to communism. Diem's catholic government were regarded even less because the religious composition of the country estimated the Buddhist majority to be between 70 and 90 percent. They also used unfavourable tactics such as election rigging, for instance in Diem's election in 1955, he won with an extremely unrealistic 98.2 per cent of the vote in fact in Saigon there were 450,000 people entitled to vote yet 605,000 managed to cast their vote for Diem. The way that democracy, the fulfilment of promises and the reliability of the government (all things that the US desired to promote and uphold in South Vietnam) were being demeaned gave the Vietminh regime additional attraction. ...read more.

Conclusion

As a consequence of the Gulf of Tonkin incident America's involvement extended into active conflict and military involvement in the war. In conclusion the most significant cause of America's involvement in the Vietnam War was her anti-communist policies in particular the domino theory which made her reject her traditional isolationist views and determine to contain communism. After communism had taken root in China in 1949 the threat seemed to have augmented. The United States and the United Nations had successfully aided the South Koreans in repelling the Communist invasion in the proxy Korean War in 1950 and Vietnam was seen as the next hill to climb in the battle against communism. The war exacted a huge human cost in terms of fatalities including 3 to 4 million Vietnamese from both sides, 1.5 to 2 million Laotians and Cambodians, and 58,159 U.S. soldiers. Despite attempts by the west to demonise the Viet Cong, it is probable that by 1962, over 75% of all south Vietnamese peasants supported the Viet Cong as they were seen as liberators from the unacceptable government of Diem. This in the short term made the risk of South Vietnam turning communism increase, which in the long term heightened America's involvement and led inevitably to a full scale conflict triggered by the Gulf of Tonkin incident. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Vietnam 1954-1975 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Vietnam 1954-1975 essays

  1. The Vietnam War - why the USA became involved and how the media covered ...

    All they managed to do was alienate the South Vietnamese peasants and the American public. This meant that the Viet Cong were allowed to integrate into South Vietnamese villages and the US were forced to deploy tactics such as Search & Destroy.

  2. Escalation of American involvement in Vietnam

    This was not the case in American front. As the war continued US troops started to doubt more about the need to be involved in Vietnam and cared more about their own survival rather than the fight itself. North Vietnamese were more experienced than young US troops, who lacked the moral.

  1. American reactions to the vietnam war

    It also lacks context and detail in certain areas, for example it fails to mention why the police worked with the construction workers. However it does contain carefully selected quotes which shine further light upon the event, one quote stating that the police were working with the construction workers.

  2. Why are there different views about the influence of media on the course of ...

    How can you show something that is so abhorrent as without turning people against it? There is no glory in was or pictures of it only sensationalism. To be objective you need to show the good with the bad and that wasn't done in Vietnam.

  1. Why did the United States become more heavily involved in Vietnam in the 1950s

    Communism does not take into account the beliefs and desires of the people, freedom of speech and human rights do not exist and they tend to be oppressive in their policies. Moreover, the economic characteristics are very planned and controlled, unlike the American free market economy, which allows the interaction of market forces far more.

  2. Why did the United States become involved in Vietnam?

    American president Truman introduced his doctrine in 1947 to take action against this menace as at the time most of Eastern Europe had been taken over by communism. His aims were to contain and stop the expansion of communism and offer aid to others willing to do the same.

  1. How coverage of Vietnam in the USA led to demands for peace

    The Fulbright hearings took place between 1968 and 1971 and they were a set of U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee hearings. J. William Fulbright was a U.S senator who started to question the US involvement in Vietnam and carried out a number of hearings.

  2. I think that the four most significant themes in the Vietnam War were protest ...

    Although the Americans never expected this at the time that they were dropping the chemicals - the tactics used had huge significance long term as even today more than 3 million people are sick and dying from birth defects, cancer, and other illnesses that can be directly traced to Agent Orange.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work