Why Did war break out in 1939

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Alex Davies        10ME        Monday, 14 September 2009

Why did War break out in 1939?

At 11 o’clock on the third of September 1939 there was a famous speech broadcasted by Neville Chamberlain, over the wireless. From the Cabinet Room of 10 Downing Street it was officially declared that England was at war against Germany. This war lasted 6 long and painstaking years and throughout it there were over 50 million civilian and military Allied deaths. This war is mainly thought to have been one person’s fault, Adolf Hitler who became leader of the German nation and lead it to war. Still to this day historians discuss whether this was really the case, and in this essay I will talk about the other possible reasons for war to break out between England and Germany in 1939.

After five extensive years of slow and tedious fighting between the Allied forces and the Central Powers in World War I, the British and French public felt absolute hatred towards Germany. In the Peace conference in Versailles, the Treaty was finally signed by Emperor Wilhelm 11 on the 28th of June 1919. The Leaders of the three main super powers at the time created this peace settlement that was designed to prevent the return of the German race and ultimately bring an end to the War. These laws included demilitarisation of the Rhineland, and various stretches of German border were given to Poland and Czechoslovakia. Also the Union which Germany had with Austria was forbidden. After a few years of living under the rules of the Treaty the British public started to feel sorry for Germany as many people felt that the Treaty was far too harsh. This, I personally, think is the first factor towards a second world war, right after the first had finished. As the Treaty was too harsh on Hitler he thought that he could get away with breaking the rules, and then simply claim the sympathy vote, Hitler was right.

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After the crash of the Wall Street Stock Exchange in 1929 there was the beginning of a second period of great economic depression. This corresponded with the rise of extremist groups in Germany. In 1933 the National Socialist German Workers Party managed to take control of the, the German parliament, The Reichstag. Hitler had stated that he would free Germany from the shackles of the Treaty of Versailles. This was done in a number of ways. Firstly, the Rhineland was reoccupied. There was little opposition to this movement by Hitler. French politicians brought this invasion up in many meetings, but ...

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