Why was the Munich agreement signed?

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Why Was the Munich Agreement Signed?

After the Anschluss (uniting of Germany an Austria), Czechoslovakia was trapped in a pincer-shaped Germany.  Hitler openly admitted he wanted to gain control over the Sudetenland , as there were many native Germans living there at the time.  He said that he needed to ‘rescue’ his Germans by October 1 and this left Europe on the brink of war.  This also worried the Czechoslovakian leader Benes, as he knew that without the heavy industry and armaments works in the Sudetenland, Czechoslovakia would be defenceless.  He appealed to Britain and France for help, but it was not received.  Hitler had just held a military parade in Berlin, and hardly any people turned up, which made him worry whether he would be able to take the Sudetenland by force, so he decided to try and portray himself as a peaceful leader that could be reasoned with.  Mussolini was keen to play a part in any conference that would take place as he also wanted to be seen as a peaceful leader, to gain popularity amongst the other European countries.  

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So, on the 29th September the leaders of Britain, France, Italy, Czechoslovakia and Germany met together in Munich and, finally, after much negotiation, decided to give Hitler what he wanted.  They did this without being approved by the USSR or Czechslovakia and the next morning, Hitler and Chamberlain made a joint declaration which Chamberlain described as something that would bring peace for the time.  

There were many reasons for Chamberlain’s signing the agreement, and they started with the economy; Britain had been hit hard by the first world war and its economy was shattered.  Britain could not afford ...

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