• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why were British Troops sent into Northern Ireland in 1969?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why were British Troops sent into Northern Ireland in 1969? For many years, there has been conflict in Northern Ireland. The problems between the Irish Catholics and Irish Protestants still continue today. So, why did the British Troops get sent to Northern Ireland in 1969 in the first place? In the 1920's, Catholics in Northern Ireland faced many problems. After the War of Independence, the country of Ireland was divided into two parts, the North which was mainly Protestant, and the South which was mainly Irish Catholic. But the Catholics wanted a United and Independent Ireland. After this divide, the Unionists in Northern Ireland wanted to keep the divide, and keep Northern Ireland British and Protestant, this resulting in the Protestants seeing the Northern Irish Catholics as possible traitors. Many other events happened during this time, like the Protestants fixing the elections so the Protestants would win, this was known as "Gerrymandering". The Unionists controlled the Catholics areas so the Catholics had no Political power. This meant the Catholics were unemployed and could not look after their Children. ...read more.

Middle

As the tension grew, segregation grew. In cities like Londonderry and Belfast, many people who live in the wrong area, such as Catholics in a Protestant area, and vice versa, were forced to leave there homes. The Battle of Bogside was a key point in the reasons of the Troops being sent to Northern Ireland. On 12th August, as the Apprentice Boys Parade passed the largely Catholic populated area of Bogside, serious rioting occurred. The RUC (Royal Ulster Constabulary) entered Bogside, using Armoured Vehicles and water cannons, in an attempt to end the Rioting. The RUC were closely followed by a group of Loyalist. The local residents of Bogside managed to force the RUC and the Loyalists out of the neighbourhood. That is when the RUC used Tear gas to gain entry to the Bogside area once again. As the next day came, serious rioting spread across Northern Ireland, from Derry to other Catholic areas, causing the RUC to have to stretch, and they were already outnumbered. The rioting deteriorated in to Sectarian Conflict, between the Catholics and Protestants. ...read more.

Conclusion

And so in 1969 the IRA split into the two groups I said about and they both fought against the British Troops when they arrived. The British Government feared there would be a Civil War and that the Conflict would spill into British Cities such as London, Birmingham Manchester, these were the cities with a high population of Irish living there. The British Army was sent in as a temporary measure to earn the Government more time, and to regain control as asked by the New Prime Minister. So the information from my learning I can conclude that the reason the British Troops were sent in was part of a long history of partition between North and South, causing violence between the Protestants and the Catholics. Bringing in the Soldiers was expected to bring in an end to the Violence and hospitalities between Catholics and Protestants, but in fact, the relations between them got worse. The conflict between these two groups became so violent that Ireland had to be divided. Some Catholics found themselves in the minority in the Protestant controlled North, where they were treated unfairly sparking a series of Civil Rights marches in the late 1960's. The violence escalated, and this is why British Troops were sent to the area to maintain the peace. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. Describe the disadvantages faced by the Catholics in Northern Ireland in the mid-1960s.

    In these circumstances it was much easier for battle lines to be drawn. Many people feel that the IRA was the reason for British soldiers being sent into Northern Ireland. However, from studying the facts I realize that this cannot be the reason as to why the troops were sent to Northern Ireland.

  2. Why were the British Troops sent to Northern Ireland in August 1969?

    But this intelligence was incorrect and no attacks were launched. In conclusion I believe that there were many contributory factors and reasons for the British Government to send in their troops, one of which I believe was obvious, to try and keep the violence down and try and make the streets as peaceful as possible.

  1. Why were British troops sent into Northern Ireland in 1969?

    They couldn't force their way into reuniting the two parts so they gave up. The IRA instead campaigned for improvements in pay and living conditions of all working people. The Civil Rights marches in USA protesting about discrimination were widely broadcasted on television and newspapers around the globe around the time that the Northern Ireland conflict has been going on.

  2. Why were british troops sent into northern ireland in 1969?

    In order to try and keep the Protestants calm, Ian Paisley started a newspaper in 1966 which was called the 'Protestant Telegraph.' The newspaper was created to warn Protestants of the dangers of getting to friendly with the Catholics. During the war in 1916, a group of Revolutionary Nationalists tried

  1. Why were British troops sent into Northern Ireland in 1969?

    Disbelief gripped the Catholics; they were just expected to share their lands. So began the long history of religious struggle between the Catholics and Protestants in Ireland. These differences were instilled, well-established and became entrenched into the separate communities over time.

  2. Why were British troops sent into Northern Ireland in 1969? (15 Marks) ...

    26 counties in south and Ireland became known as Irish Free State.

  1. Northern Ireland Conflict-Religion vs. PoliticsThe conflict in Northern Ireland is likely one of the ...

    The division created an almost entirely Catholic population in the South of Ireland and a substantial Protestant majority in the North. The partitioning of Ireland was viewed by the South as a temporarily solution to the `Protestant' problem in the North.

  2. Why were British troops sent into Northern Ireland in 1969?

    This builds tension between Irish Catholics and Protestants, as it shows the difficulty to forget the history. By 1800 the Act of Union was introduced, giving Britain direct rule over Ireland, giving an increase in Nationalism, hatred of British, Protestants (loyal to the British crown).

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work