• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why were British troops sent to Northern Ireland in August 1969?

Extracts from this document...


Why were British troops sent to Northern Ireland in August 1969? In 1922 Ireland was partitioned and the Northern area stayed part of Britain although it had its own parliament at Stormont. At this time Northern Ireland had two major religious communities of which Catholic were round 1/3 and Protestants were 2/3. Catholics wanted to be independent and unite with the Ireland republic whilst the Protestants wanted to remain as part of the UK. The government at Stormont was mainly Protestant and therefore the Catholics suffered social, economic and political differences. Therefore they organised a civil rights campaign. During this campaign RUC (Royal Ulster Constabulary) officers with the help of the B-specials (part-time police) were told to attack anyone who defied the ban on demonstrations with batons... ...read more.


All of these events made the Catholic community feel isolated and unprotected. Therefore they started calling for their own protective force or vigilantes against the RUC and B-Specials. This was therefore the official reason for their arrival: protect the Catholic population against the Loyalist attacks. The Catholics welcomed them by making them tea, sandwiches and even attended army parties; on the contrary they received a hostile welcome from the Protestants. Despite this, the army was seen as a neutral force. The fact that the Catholic communities felt abandoned and with no support meant that the IRA re-emerged as a major force in Northern Ireland to help them. This made the British secret intelligence believe that the IRA was about to launch an uprising in Belfast and Londonderry through Protestant areas. ...read more.


They had to try to reach an accord between Protestant and Catholic communities to prevent what seemed as inevitable. Although the government had already considered sending troops for a number of years and had already placed large number of soldiers on standby since April 1969... Although, the real reason has never been ascertained; The official one didn't prevent the army from being drawn into violent conflicts within the next years; Entire Catholic communities lost faith in the RUC and the N.I. government. This lead to a civil rights movement, which was fuelled by enormous discontent and hatred towards the British rule. Consequently, the IRA emerged as the unofficial guardians of Catholic communities against RUC and loyalist mobs. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. Why were the British Troops sent to Northern Ireland in August 1969?

    But Partition also didn't help either as there was an increase in riots and violence because of the Irish Question. Catholics said that Ireland should once again be united and become one, but Protestants were saying that it should remain as part of Britain and as long as they stayed in power this would be the case.

  2. Why were british troops sent into northern ireland in 1969?

    The Catholic Prime Minister, Terrence O'Neil wasn't doing much to help the Catholics and they soon ran out of patience with him. They believed that the promises about the reforms and improvements were never going to happened and even the Promises he did keep, either had something to do with

  1. Why were British troops sent into Northern Ireland in 1969?

    It reaffirmed their feelings of resentment, anger and indignation towards the British. The Potato Famine split the country into the poor who were starving, generally Catholics, and the wealthier landowners, generally Protestant; and further added to the ill-feeling. The Potato Famine proved to be a profound and long term divider which became a long term influence towards 'The Troubles'.

  2. Why were British troops sent into Northern Ireland in 1969?

    This links to the blood sacrifice made by the rebels, it shows that the Irish Nationalist would just be shot and ignored by the British government. This increased the flame of nationalism, giving growth to the Sinn Fein, increasing the division between Catholics and Protestants, giving the emergence of the IRA.

  1. Why Were British Troops Sent To Northern Ireland In August 1969?

    The battle ended on the afternoon of the 14th August. Catholics welcomed British troops as an impartial force. The solider were staggered at the extent of violence and destruction. On the 5th of October 1968 the civil right movement decide to hold a meeting an inform people and told the media about it.

  2. Why were British troops sent into Northern Ireland in 1969

    Is was also about political differences between Nationalists and Unionists. The Nationalists all agreed that they wanted a united Ireland. There dispute was the way to get this. Some groups thought the only way to achieve this was through peaceful negotiation, this view is held by the SDLP.

  1. Examine why soldiers were sent into Ireland in 1969.

    Catholic children were not taught anything about Catholicism, they were only taught about Protestant history. Children grew up believing that Catholics were evil and the Protestant religion was the way forward. "We knew nothing of the Catholic world. That Catholics were allowed to live in London with our Protestant king seemed impossible" (2)

  2. Why did the British government send troops into Northern Ireland in 1969?

    That year a new Prime Minister of Northern Ireland had been elected. Terence O'Neill promised a reform of the way Northern Ireland was governed trying to fix many of the long term problems of housing and employment, so that all citizens of Northern Ireland, Catholic and Protestant alike would have

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work