• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why were troops sent to Northern Ireland

Extracts from this document...


Luke Pollin ASSIGNMENT 2. Word Count:1182 Why were British troops sent to Northern Ireland? British troops were sent to Northern Ireland in 1969 for a variety of different reasons. These were that Northern Ireland had been facing many long-term tensions and that Britain was the only force that could regain the control that had been lost in Northern Ireland. Almost 40 years ago British troops were sent into Northern Ireland because of many conflicts due to the segregation and discrimination of the two religions, Catholic and Protestants. British government tried to help by sending in their on soldiers as discrimination of Catholics got so bad that they lost trust in the RUC ,who were mostly Protestant at the time. At this point in time Catholics in Northern Ireland were at a major disadvantage, not only were they outnumbered and faced fierce Protestant opposition, but many were unemployed and their children had to go to the worst schools and a vast majority of them lived in run- down areas Catholic children were put in the worst schools, whilst the Protestant children were put in the very best schools. ...read more.


Also they maybe threatened with violence by the IRA to become a part of the republic of Ireland. The Police in Northern Ireland were 99.9% Protestant and extremely unfair and violent towards Catholics, they would even attack innocent Catholics for no reason .On some occasions the Police even led the Catholic marchers into traps, here they were met by violent Protestant Unionists, the outcome was inevitable, violence. The 'B- Specials' were created - this was a unit within the police, that were 99.9% Protestant. They were called in by the Unionists, to act like a police force, they were violent to the Catholics aswell. Another reason to cause problems in Northern Ireland was the Act of Union, this meant that Irelands parliament was closed and England had control over Irelands law, which were passed in Westminster in London. For example, there were certain restrictions on the jobs that Roman Catholic could do under English rule. The main cause of this whole all this was the Battle of Bogside. Before this was the annual Apprentice Boys March in Londonderry. ...read more.


There was a danger of the violence spreading across the province, tension started to build in many towns, the most serious fighting was in Belfast, the Catholics were attacked by the Protestants who were afraid that the country was being invaded. James Chichester-Clark had little choice but to call the British Troops into Northern Ireland. The British army was seen as a neutral force, they would not take sides like the RUC did. There were many reasons why British Troops were sent to Northern Ireland. The official reason was to protect the catholic population against Loyalist attacks however it was soon realised that this was not in fact their intention and that the conflict that they were involved in were not always benefiting the Catholics but rather the Protestants, there increased involvement with the RUC also caused British to be hated amongst Catholics. The last of the reasons was that British believed that the IRA was planning to launch an uprising in Belfast. Such a large force as the IRA could cause havoc throughout Northern Ireland if it was not stopped in time. But the British were wrong because the IRA were lacking weapons, manpower and even the support to plan such an attack ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. Why were troops sent to Northern Irelamd

    Catholics also had less political power. The police were mainly Protestants and there was the B-specials who were a reserve police force that could be called in if needed, they were allowed to keep their own weapons, as they were usually Protestants, this worried the Catholics.

  2. Describe the disadvantages faced by the Catholics in Northern Ireland in the mid-1960s.

    These too were violent to the Catholics, Catholic marches were banned. Student demonstrations ended up in violence. This angered the Catholics; they felt that if the Protestants should get to March then why shouldn't they. Housing conditions were appalling for Catholics, they marched and campaigned about their unfair housing, yet again nothing was done.

  1. Why were british troops sent into northern ireland in 1969?

    Protestants weren't ashamed of their actions and nothing was being done about it. On the 28th April1969, Terrence O'Neil had given up his job because he had lost the support of his fellow Unionist Party. His Protestant Unionist Government finally lost control of events in Northern Ireland as well so therefore he later decided to resign.

  2. Why were British troops sent into Northern Ireland in 1969?

    Riots and violence escalated. Eventually in August 1969 O'Neill resigned after declaring that his government could no longer deal with the violence.

  1. Blitz, the German word for 'lightning'

    The clashes, bombings, and assassinations in this period were often referred to as "the troubles." In 1972 the British government shut down Northern Ireland's regional parliament and governed the region directly from London. A 1998 accord known as the Good Friday Agreement restored some powers to a new provincial government.

  2. Conflict in Ireland

    angered the British more and so as a result the British got tougher and more rebellions occurred. On the other hand the Easter Rising did show just how serious and how far the Nationalists were willing to go. It made people realize and importantly it made the British government realize

  1. Why were British Troops sent into Northern Ireland in 1969?

    who represented British authority. The British sent in troops to overpower the IRA, this would be the last time the British would dispatch their forces into Ireland until 1969. An agreement was made and a process took place between 1920 and 1922 where partition took place in Ireland.

  2. The History of Conflict in Ireland.

    Added to that was a student movement, [that] had the time and the capability of organizing demonstrations every single day of the week. Now, the impact of the student demonstrations was that it was highly embarrassing to the Unionist government, because the students used to follow the Prime Minister around

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work