Describe the system of trial by jury within the English legal system

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        David Singh – 10 VJC – Law Coursework

Describe Jury Trials within the English Legal System

Trial by Jury

Juries are used in Crown Courts. The role of the jury is to listen to the evidence and decide whether the defendant is guilty or not. During the trial juror can make notes and ask for copies of any photographs of any document evidence, the judge decides any necessary points of the law, at the end of the trial the judge explains legal matters to the juror so they can make there verdict, if a juror want to ask any questions he can write them down, an court official hand the question to the judge. The trial must start with 12 jurors but the trial can take a long period of time and one of them could die or become ill. If the number can not fall below 9 jurors.


A jury is a panel of 12 people who don’t need to know the legal system but when they are sent a jury summons, they must then attend the jury unless they have an excuse or genuine reason to not attend.

When a jury have heard the defendant has pleaded that he or she is not guilty then the jury is selected and sworn in and a full trial takes place.

Also, when a defendant pleads guilty the jury are then sworn in and have to attend court for the whole case and decide weather the defendant is guilty or not. They are selected at the CSB (Central Summoning Bureau) by a computer from the electoral register in each area.

Electoral registers are when people fill in the forms that local councils send them to confirm who lives at the address and then they can receive voting cards to be able to vote in elections.    

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Qualification as Juror

The qualifications for a jury are that people must be between the ages of 18 and 70, be registered on the electoral register or they have lived in the United Kingdom, Channel Islands or Isle of Man for five years from the age of 13.

Disqualification as Juror

The disqualifications for a jury are if someone has a criminal conviction and if you have ever been sentenced for a criminal offence, in the last 10 years.

If someone is on bail, in holy orders, if you are a minister of any religion or in a vowed member ...

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