This essay is going to talk about whether or not America became less tolerant in the 1920s.

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This essay is going to talk about whether or not America became less tolerant in the 1920s.  It will include:

  • The immigration change
  • The KKK,
  • The ‘Red Scare’  
  • Palmer Raids and
  • The Sacco and Vanzetti trial  
  • Christian revivalism and
  • The ‘Monkey Trial’.

America had had an ‘open door’ policy towards immigration, but from 1917 onwards the door began to close.  In 1917 an immigration law introduced a literacy test.  This test discriminated against people from poorer countries such as Europe and Asia as they would not be able o afford to learn English in their own country.  But after a while this test began to fail as immigrates relatives that had already got in to America who had taken the literacy test told them what the test said in their language so they could then learn it in English.  So in 1921 the immigration quota act was introduced which limited the number of immigrates allowed into the USA to 357,000 each year.  It also stated that the number of people emigrating from any country should not exceed 3% of the number from that country already living in America.  This quota system also worked in favour of people from Western and Northern Europe as they made up a large percentage of the immigrates in 1910.  Three years after that in 1924 the number of immigrates was reduced to 2% of the population in 1890 and in 1929 the number of immigrates that emigrated to America was reduced to 150,000.  

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Between 1920 and 1925 five million members joined the Ku Klux Klan.  The Klan was at its strongest in the southern states because there was a large population of black people there.  During this period black people were beaten till bleeding, whipped with branches, left to catch pneumonia and flogged.  The blacks would be beaten for reasons as little as not selling their land to a white woman, even white people were beaten, and this was because they were divorced.  The Klan would be able to get away with such violent actions because most of the police force were in ...

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