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GCSE: Comparing length of words in newspapers

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  1. Commentary on Reindeer and Engine.

    The structure is very consistent with having a free verse form with a regular line length. This also shows the tension on how eager the reindeer wanted to escape. What's more, the word "look back" and "good dark" have a broad vowel sound, which represents the hope of escaping in time. And the conjunction "but over the icy tower" shows that there was a change of hope and bad things could come up. Plus the word "icy ties" has a narrow vowel sound, which represents destruction and threatening and pain. At different times of the poem, the reindeer had to encounter the fear of getting roll over and has to struggle to escape therefore the pace of the poem changes all the time.

    • Word count: 670
  2. Psychology coursework - Repression.

    The idea of releasing tension through dreams works in harmony with Freud's idea of ego-defences. These are unconscious mechanisms by which we protect ourselves from painful or guilty thoughts and feelings. The following are some of Freud's defence mechanisms: * Denial, which occurs when smokers refuse to admit to themselves that they are endangering there lives by smoking * Displacement, which takes place when we redirect emotions, most commonly anger, away from those who have caused them on to a third party.

    • Word count: 2900
  3. Language analysis skills.

    The sensibility Query Results contains three indefinite articles of a and four of The. Now I will compare some of the sentences to decide whether sensitivity and sensibility can be used as the same meaning in different speeches. 1a. Sensitivity Query Result - Line 38 'in her arms, and I noticed the sensitivity with which she used her gesture. 1b. Sensibility Query Result- Line 22 'he discovered a love and a sensibility he never new existed. Here we can see that both lines are similar.

    • Word count: 950
  4. I have been given the task of comparing the difference of word lengths in two articles.

    From this I hope to prove that the subject of the article affects the word lengths and reading age. I shall carry out the word count by taking a one hundred word sample from each article, noting down in tallies the number of each word length ranging from one - fourteen in a frequency table. I shall than work out the Mean, Median and mode for each article. I shall also graph the information in Histograms, Frequency Polygons, Box and Whisker plots and I may use Pie Charts. From these graphs, I shall draw my conclusions and prove my Hypothesis true or false.

    • Word count: 1257
  5. Do the familiarity of the words in a word search make it harder.

    Hypotheses I think that the times for familiar word searches will be less than the times for unfamiliar word searches. In general the median times for familiar word searches will be less than the median for unfamiliar word searches. I think that the times for familiar word searches will be less varied than the times for unfamiliar word searches.

    • Word count: 442
  6. Forgetting in long-term memory - The interference theory.

    However when learning disrupts the memory for earlier learning this is known as retroactive learning. Interference theory has been tested by means of paired associate learning, however I am going to carry out a different study, which contain interference in the subject of smell. Aim: To find out whether interference plays a part in the loss of a memory, with smell as the interferer. Procedure: 1. Set off thirteen words is randomly chosen, however all being interlinked. This is known as semantic memory. 2. Then a group of 20 students are asked to participate in the experiment. 3. They are all shown the set of words for one minute then the words are taken away.

    • Word count: 962
  7. Investigate the different sorts of newspapers and magazines, form a hypothesis and investigate it by comparison.

    * Tabloids focus on celebrity stories and will usually include photos of the person being discussed. * I think that broadsheets will have more words than a tabloid, as they tend to go into greater detail in their stories. * Tabloids use pictures to grab the readers attention and draw it to a certain article, whereas the broadsheet papers have much more serious content and tend to focus on the political, intellectual views rather than simply stories of interest and curiosity. By pictures we mean non-text items excluding advertisements but including graphs and statistical representations. Photographs, drawings and cartoons will be included in pictures.

    • Word count: 2307
  8. 'Menelaus and Helen', a poem composed of two contrasting sections about the difference between fact and fable, was written by Rupert Brooke in 1909.

    The first half of 'Menelaus and Helen' begins quickly, thus immediately engaging the reader and creating a picture of the scene the poem describes at this point. The pace of the first four lines successfully gives a picture of Menelaus' urgency and the near lack of punctuation further quickens the beginning of this section's speed. The only punctuation may appear to the reader to have been added as an after-thought, as though the author, in his hurry, very nearly forgot a certain aspect of the scene: "To Priam's palace, sword in hand, to sate..."

    • Word count: 750
  9. Handling Data.

    I think The Sun I will have smaller words because it for a wider aged audience. Also I think that 3,4 or 5 will be the mode numbers. I thought this was because 4,5,6 are the around the average between the numbers of letter I test 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12. I have drawn a tally chart to note down my data. The Sun (Tabloid) Article Number Of Letters Tally Frequency 1 I 1 2 IIIII IIIII 10 3 IIIII IIIII I 11 4 IIIII IIII 9 5 IIIII II 7 6 IIIII 5 7 IIII 4 8 I 1 9 - - 10 - - 11 - - 12 II 2 Using my results I am able to work the mean, mode and median for The Sun (Tabloid).

    • Word count: 1965
  10. Look at 3 different newspapers and analyse differences in content and style.

    cross-section) By keeping to this my investigation will be fair and the results will be more reliable and accurate. By looking at the 3 newspapers I found that there were a lot of common sections: News Gossip Adverts Weather Sport TV + Radio listings Fun and Games (Puzzles + Horoscopes + Problems + Cartoons) Reviews I counted how many pages each section had, to give me an idea of what was the most popular. This would help me chose my 3 final sections. I worked out what percentage of the paper they were. Daily Mirror - total number of pages = 63 Section Number of pages Percentage News 17 27% Adverts 14 22.2% Sport 21 33.3% TV + Radio

    • Word count: 2133
  11. An Investigation to see how the size of ashadow depends on the angle at which the light hits the object

    2) The distance between the object and the screen The results from this are opposite varying the previous factor. In this case the length of the shadow increased as the distance from the edge of the object to the screen increased. I expected that as the distance dubled, the length of the shadow would double but according to the ray diagram that was not the case. The length of the shadow The results from this are opposite to varying the previous factor. In this case, the length of the shadow increased as the distance from the edge of the object to the screen increased.

    • Word count: 1358
  12. Are participants more likely to recall a list of words, when words are accompanied by pictures?

    Retrieval: There are three types of remembering to do with retrieval: 1. Recall - retrieval of information from memory 2. Cued recall - when given information to help remember 3. Recognition - when something seems familiar Research has shown that the more items we have in the short-term memory the slower the rate of retrieval becomes. Sternberg (1966)* demonstrated this by showing a participant a set of 1 - 6 digits that they had to retain in the short-term memory. After this they were then shown a probe digit and they had to reply whether or not this digit was in the list to be remembered.

    • Word count: 4098
  13. Psychology of Language - The Nittrouer Study.

    However, she claims that such results provide no backing for the innateness of all phonetic boundaries. According to Nittrouer, those who support the Universal theory, fail to account for the infants who are dismissed as "fussy." Rather than assuming that uncooperative children will produce the same results as those who differentiate successfully, Nittrouer suggests that infants who behave in a finicky manner do so because they are unable to discriminate the stimuli presented. Also, she shows that success rates differed across contrasts (discrimination of stimuli differing in VOT was particularly difficult), revealing that some phonetic differences are more easily recognized than others.

    • Word count: 2307
  14. Statistics - comparing word lengths from broadsheet and tabloid newspapers.

    The articles will be taken from the newspaper and the first one hundred words copied into a word document. When counting the words I will put the results into Excel. I will then do a scatter graph so that the results can be compared easily to one another. With this graph I will be able to come to a conclusion concerning my hypothesis's. Prediction I predict that the hypothesis number one will be proven correct because broadsheet newspapers are aimed for people with slightly higher intellect therefore suggesting longer word may be used because usually more intellect words contain more letters.

    • Word count: 1214
  15. Handling data.

    Random Sampling is when we select our data at random to study it. The problem with Random Sampling is that we cannot make it truly random, so it is a difficult method to use correctly. Bias When dealing with Random Sampling, it is difficult to make certain that our data is truly random. When using a method such as pointing to words on a page, we encounter Bias as a problem. The two problems that make it Bias are: * Longer words take up more of the area of the page then smaller words, so you are more likely to land on a larger words then a smaller word.

    • Word count: 1319
  16. Statistics - compare three different newspapers.

    I think that when I am comparing the readability of the newspapers: > The Sunday Times will have a high language level in the newspaper, and will have a similar measure of spread in word length as The Times will have. > The Western Mail will have the lowest language level out of the three newspapers. > The Telegraph will also have a high language level. I would rate The Times and The Sunday Times on equal par. The Sunday Times Section Frequency (Number of articles)

    • Word count: 3488
  17. Introduction to English language.

    A longer stretch of language is known as discourse, the study of its structure as discourse analysis. This hierarchy is partly explained by the table below, from David Crystal's The Cambridge Encyclopaedia of Language. The right hand column should be read upwards, in the direction of the arrow. Outline structure of English sentences are analysed into clauses are analysed into phrases are analysed into words are analysed into morphemes v � sentences are used to build clauses are used to build phrases are used to build words are used to build morphemes The following table shows a three-part model of the structure of English.

    • Word count: 9337
  18. The Muse of the Master.

    John Updike's use of common colloquial words depicts Sammy as a normal emotionally confused teenager walking the fine line between boyhood and manhood. This gives him a distinctive voice which is simple yet powerful. "A & P", written in the first person point of view, provides total subjectivity and all the immediacy, intimacy and urgency of Sammy's individual conflicts. This allows Updike to write in a voice that Sammy would use if he were a real person. Sammy's simplistic colloquial descriptive words, such as " sweet broad soft-looking can" (802)

    • Word count: 949
  19. The aim of this coursework is to compare two different newspapers in two different manners. The first option in which I will be comparing them is to see how many words are in a sentence, and then cover parts of each newspaper with this scheme.

    My prediction of this project is that the tabloid paper shall revile that it has less words per sentence than the broadsheet and that it will have more pictures per page on average. I came to this prediction because in my opinion, lower class, less literate people read tabloid papers. This way, the newspaper producers will use more images and fewer words, and this will appeal to their most basic instincts. On the other hand, more professional people read broadsheets as they prefer to read the articles written by the newspaper.

    • Word count: 1700
  20. This exercise is intended to guide you through a number of aspects related to the alignment of text in a Word document. It also includes a couple of extra features related to the general appearance of the text as well.

    Place the insertion point (cursor) anywhere in the first line, then click on the "Centre" tool on the toolbar. Repeat this for line two. You will notice that each line is automatically centred on the page. Why is this better than moving the heading to the centre by typing spaces to the left of the words? Answer: It is better to move the heading to the centre because the computer automatically centres the words for you rather than you typing to the left of the words.

    • Word count: 417
  21. To investigate the difference between broadsheet and tabloid newspapers in terms of the language they use.

    See Table 1. For the words per sentence I chose to use a stem and leaf method of display. This was because the number of words varied a lot (from 3 to 65) but with only a few sentences of each length. The stem and leaf method took up less space on a page than the tally and was easier to view as it provides 'at a glance' an impression of the spread of the numbers and an indication of the average. It was straightforward to add the grouped frequency data to the table but still possible to read the individual frequencies of it when required.

    • Word count: 3341
  22. The aim of this coursework is to compare the word and sentence length of an adults and a child's book. The results should reflect a higher level of difficulty in the adult's book.

    We now moved on to the adult's book using the exact same method. Now that we had our word length we could do sentence length. Once again we did the child's book first. This time we randomly selected a page in the book followed by a randomly selected sentence. This sentence then became our starting point. We now counted the number of words in each sentence until we had sampled 20 sentences. We recorded them in a frequency chart (shown in appendix). We then did the same thing with another randomly selected page and start sentence.

    • Word count: 3403
  23. To investigate what type of people read which newspaper, the reading age of the material in the newspaper, and the average word of the article in the newspaper.

    From these results I made a box and wiskes plot, a cumalative frequency chart, and graph. For my investigation I will be using "The SUN" which is a tabloid newspaper and "The Daily Telegraph" which is a broadsheet newspaper. RESULTS First I will do the word length test for the tabloid newspaper ( The SUN), I chose the Harry Potter article to do the test on. Word Length Tally Total Cumalative Frequency 1 I I 2 2 2 IIII IIII IIII III 18 20 3 IIII IIII IIII IIII I 21 41 4 IIII IIII IIII IIII IIII I 26 67 5 IIII IIII 10 77 6 IIII I 6 83 7 IIII IIII II 12

    • Word count: 933
  24. Compare and contrast the way in which two National Newspapers report the same incident from the Miners' Strike.

    It also uses a lot of sibilance, "Scargill's Storm-troops... siege of Selby...shoppers fury..." The use of the sibilance means that it helps to make the title striking and quite harsh. Again when it says "...troops" and "...siege..." it gives the title a very military point of view and it is very forceful. It is as if the miners where besieging Selby and it's residents. The word "...terrify..." is used. This implies that the miners are really being violent and aggressive. The first article says that there is an awkward situation between the two sides, the miners and the residents, and the second conveys the message that the miners are almost attacking Selby.

    • Word count: 1596
  25. I have decided to test a group of pupils in order to investigate if there is a difference in ability to estimate the size of an angle and the length of a line.

    In order to carry out my investigation I will have to prepare a test sheet of various angles and lines to present to each of the pupils in each of the sets. I will also require a results table in order to record my findings. I have decided that five different lines and five different angles would be sufficient to draw suitable conclusions from, for testing whether the location of the line or angle determines how easy it is for the pupils to estimate them.

    • Word count: 3798

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