My Music GCSE Revision

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Fun fact: John williams is one of the world’s famous film music composers of all time)  notes:::::::::::::::::::::::::::>>>>>>>>

Elements and Devices

Syncopated Rythms

Cross Rhytms (when rhythms cross each other) …normally used to create tension

Time Signatures:

2          3                 4                  5                      5/4 is rare normally used in horror

4          4        4                  4

For compuund signatures multiply by 3

Lietmotif: theme tune for a main character in a film.

Ground Bass: Repeated ostinato going through the music

Pedal Notes/Drones: A long held single note going throughout the music. Chords is a drone.

Imitation: Copy or Canon imitating the music




…Also look at vocab for devices that can go with film music e.g polyphonic and structure terms and sequence terms…

Notes for the classical era:                                                 Wednesday 5th September 2007

The four families that make up a classical orchestra are brass, strings, woodwind and percussion.

The family that was the most important in the classical era (1750-1820) was the string group.

A symphony is a piece of music for orchestra in movements of contrasting speeds and keys.

A concerto differs from a symphony because there is an instrument solo.

The violin, piano, clarinet and trumpet are popular soloist instruments in a classical concerto.

Mozart was a famous composer for this period he composed “ The Magic Flute” and “The marriage of the Figaro”

The clarinet was invented by John Denner in 1700.

The Piano was invented in the early 18th century by Bartomeleo Cristodari.

Mozart was the first composer to write for the clarinet

The piano can make a difference between soft and loud.

The Family of Instruments

Classical Music Era

Classical Music (1750-1810)

Classical with a 'c' means anything that is top class, and particularly refers to the ancient Greeks and Romans. With a 'C' it means a specific style of composers. The term classical is commonly and incorrectly applied to any music which is not modern. The correct term for this is actually art music.

Composers of the Period

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The composers marked with an asterisk are the most important to remember.

Style Galant
This is an early classical style, and a very courtly style. It was meant to please the listener, as opposed to making the listener think. C.P.E. Bach and J.C. Bach were the main composers who made use of this style.

Later Classical Style
This style made more of balance and control, grace and beauty of melody, and the fonn or design became important.

Classical music is basically homophonic. (Baroque music was polyphonic.)

The Orchestra
The Orchestra began to grow. The harpsichord continuo gradually fell out ...

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