• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Components of Fitness for Long Jump

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Components of Fitness Sport: Athletics Event: Long Jump Competing A long jumper has a high mesomorph score as they have quite a muscular body, strong thighs, core strength and little body fat. As a long jumper it is ideal to have fast twitch muscle fibres as you need to have a fast run up. The reason for this is the speed which you perform on the run way will convert into the distance in the pit. In addition speed comes into the actual jump as the time it takes from you lead leg taking off from the board to it reaching a ninety degree angle in the air needs to be quick yet controlled. This can be improved my continuous practice of the movement. Flexibility is required to do this to the best of your ability. ...read more.

Middle

Being co-ordinated you need to be able to move more than one body part at the same time. This is required in almost every stage of the jump. Firstly on the run up you need to co-ordinate between your legs and arms to perfect the technique which then has to be converted into the take of where the lead led has to reach a ninety degree angle whilst the arms are creating height. Those are just two examples of where co-ordination is needed in long jump. Also to be successful you need to have good balance. This can be practiced by standing in front of a mirror or closing your eyes whilst standing on one leg. Balance is important because if you aren't balanced throughout the jump then it may hinder your distance as it could cause you to cut your jump short. ...read more.

Conclusion

Although this isn't extremely important in competition you need to ensure that when warming up and doing both dynamic and static stretches so that your muscles don't get tired by the time it is your turn to jump. To ensure that your muscles can perform to the best of their ability you need to train them to make them strong and powerful for take off and sprinting. Besides muscular endurance, cardio vascular endurance whilst training is essential as it all goes together to produce the perfect long jumper. Cardio vascular endurance isn't the most important component of fitness however without it you would find yourself becoming tired when warming up, also to become a faster athlete you need to put 100% effort in training and without it fatigue will be evident and you wont be able to train to the best you can. In summary, I think the four most important components for a long jumper are: *Speed *Strength *Balance *Co-ordination ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Exercise and Training section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Exercise and Training essays

  1. Javelin, Long Jump, Netball

    of the upper body to make sure that it is balanced while the throw is in process. In the latter stages of the run up the thrower is required to do several cross over steps whilst the javelin is extended in the preferred arm.

  2. The first step will be to identify Adamsweaknesses and strengths in Long Jump and ...

    I will be around all of the time when Adam is performing. There isn't much concern for the Speed Posture and Plyometrics sessions but on some days in the Technical sessions there will be great concern as it is greatly stressful and will need a large amount of concentration.

  1. Personal Fitness Coursework

    If this high-quality speed is used, rests will be needed every 2-3minutes but it will then develop the ability to work when the participant gets tired. I don't think this method of training is specifically related to my sport because hard exercise and long rests aren't needed.

  2. Football requires health and skill related components. The health related components I require

    Muscular endurance- the ability of a muscle or a group of muscles to sustain frequent contractions against a resistance for an extensive period of time. Slow twitch muscles will make sure they will receive a rich supply of blood to allow the most efficient production of aerobic energy.

  1. The Pure Theory of Law

    Cardiovascular fitness is best improved by activities, which employ large muscle groups working dynamically. Such activities include walking, jogging, running, swimming, skating, cycling, stair climbing and cross-country skiing. * Muscular Endurance This is the ability of a muscle or group of muscles to sustain repeated contractions against a resistance for sixty minutes.

  2. The height of jump - I will test them on how high they can ...

    I will test them on how they land for example do they land on the flat part of there back and is the landing under control. The exercises that will help improve the landing are the 3 steps and the standing jump.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work