Risks and hazards associated with sports participation

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Liam Wheeler                                     M3- Explain risks and hazards associated with sports participation

Virtually all sporting activities involve an element of risk to the performer. Potential hazards should be identified to prevent risk of injury to the performer. Risks can be categorised into how likely they are to happen from ‘high’ to ‘low’. Hazards can be divided into three main groups.

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Warming up before performing helps reduce the risk of injury such as muscle strains. Warming up helps the circulatory system pump blood to the muscles gradually. Cold muscles do not absorb shock or impact which makes them more prone to injury. Other benefits of warming properly include; helping with metal preparation, improved co-ordination, reaction speed and also it prepares the muscles for stretching. Warming up also increases oxygen and nutrients which helps prevent shortness of breath. Low impact exercise is the best way to warm up, such as walking, rowing machines, stretching and jogging.

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The use of alcohol before sports participation is likely to affect physical performance and most serious athletes avoid alcohol completely. Alcohol is a drug so will affect behaviour and can cause aggression, intolerance and depression, all of these affects could make a performer a hazard other participants as well as themselves.  Alcohol affects co-ordination so could be extremely dangerous when using equipment. A good example would be a dart player over indulgence of alcohol could become a hazard if the player became aggressive by consuming too much alcohol. Another good example would be a gymnast because if they have consumed ...

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