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Risks and hazards associated with sports participation

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´╗┐Liam Wheeler M3- Explain risks and hazards associated with sports participation Virtually all sporting activities involve an element of risk to the performer. Potential hazards should be identified to prevent risk of injury to the performer. Risks can be categorised into how likely they are to happen from ?high? to ?low?. Hazards can be divided into three main groups. People Factors Warming up before performing helps reduce the risk of injury such as muscle strains. Warming up helps the circulatory system pump blood to the muscles gradually. Cold muscles do not absorb shock or impact which makes them more prone to injury. Other benefits of warming properly include; helping with metal preparation, improved co-ordination, reaction speed and also it prepares the muscles for stretching. ...read more.


Equipment The appropriate equipment should be used to prevent risk of injury and used in the correct manor so as not to cause a hazard. Shin guards for example must be covered by socks to prevent any sharp plastic cutting another player. They are worn to prevent a player from broken ankles or shinbones also to prevent bruising. Even the use of such a small piece of equipment is regulated by health and safety rules and is also a law in the FA book. Perhaps the first hazard to be checked for potential hazard and risks would be the area of sports participation such as a football pitch. The surface would have to be checked for holes as these could cause sprains or broken bones if a player falls awkwardly. ...read more.


Cold could be a hazard if the rain is falling, this puts the body under strain as the heart beats faster as water conducts heat away from the body. Hot weather during sporting activity is a hazard to an athlete as heat stroke is one of the few potentially lethal risks to a healthy individual. When performing in heat the circulation struggles to supply nutrients to muscles and regulate heat. This becomes a real hazard if sufficient fluid is not consumed during hot conditions. Athletes should learn to recognise the early signs of heat injury such as fatigue and slower performance. Sports drinks are a good replacement fluid. To summarise most sports present various hazards to individuals and sometimes spectators, recognising the hazards and providing measures to limit the risks to improve sport participation for everyone involved. ...read more.

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