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GCSE: Safety Aspects and Risk Assessment
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Why are risk assessments important?
- 1 These are commonplace and a legal requirement in every sports establishment. There should be policies in place that require the completion and updating of RAs.
- 2 To create a RA, firstly spend time IN the space/environment and look around. Think, what are the ‘hazards’; what are the things that COULD go wrong here and could possibly cause a problem or harm? Don’t overlook anything – think pessimistically – what could be even the slightest hazard to people in that space?
- 3 Then, think about what could be in place as a ‘control measure’ to reduce or remove the risk of the identified hazard. These should be written and explained and put into place.
- 4 It’s important to then generate a risk rating (out of 3) for the likelihood of the hazard occurring and the severity of the hazard. Multiply these by each other for the risk rating. Values over ¾ should then be looked at again as this indicates that ‘further action’ is required to reduce the risk. If the risk rating is higher (eg: 7), then the activity should NOT take place as it is considered too dangerous with the current risks and control measures.
- 5 If the risk assessments is not completed and signed by those leading the activities, then the individuals and organization could be considered ‘negligent’ if an accident occurs. RAs can be evidence that safety has been seriously considered and action taken to make the environment and activity a safe place for all present.
- 1 Many students will have experienced some form of injury through their involvement of sport. This is a resource in itself. Discussion can reveal not only the cause and symptoms of the injury, but also the treatment of it.
- 2 It’s important to differentiate between acute and chronic injuries. Acute injuries are those that have occurred from a specific incident (eg, a sprained ankle or a fracture), whereas chronic injuries are a result of longer term activity or overuse (eg shin splints or tendonitis).
- 3 Exam questions or coursework tasks will often require you to write the cause of an injury, the symptoms it will show and how it can be treated. Make sure you include these elements to an answer.
- 4 Always remember to give examples of the injury and think about the sorts of sports or activities that this kind of injury might occur in (eg sprinters often pull their hamstrings, or tennis players often have tendonitis in the elbow – tennis elbow - from overusing these muscles / joits).
- 5 In some cases, the correct form of exercise can help avoid injuries (eg: strength training can increase joint stability and reduce the risks of dislocations and sprains).
Five safety aspects for a coach to consider
- 1 Personal Protective Equipment - When explaining how safety hazards can be reduced, remember to include the use of PPE by participants (and sometimes coaches). This is things such as gumshields, shin pads and body armour.
- 2 Qualifications – RAs should include the process of checking instructor or coach qualifications. Taking participants kayaking for eg, requires an appropriate level of instructor qualification from the National Governing Body (NGB). This MUST be checked.
- 3 Ethical factors – Ethics is simply explained as deciding what is right or wrong. Ethically, it would be wrong to knowing lead a session when there are uncontrolled dangers. It’s also ethically wrong to cause emotional harm to someone. If a participant is VERY frightened doing an activity, they should NOT be forced to do it.
- 4 Legal factors – If safety factors are NOT anticipated, the law may find you negligent and you will be accountable to the Health & Safety Executive and the law. This may result in dismissal from your job, fines or possibly a prison sentence.
- 5 Responsibilities – there are many contributing roles to maintaining safety : parents, coaches / teachers, participants. There are legal expectations too. Codes of Conduct should be in place (‘rules’ to clarify how things should be and how you should behave) and sports specifically have rules to maintain the safety of players and officials to employ them such as non-contact rules in netball and basketball. Assignments should not forget these factors.
- Marked by Teachers essays 2
The exercises should get gradually more strenuous and more like the activity performed The stretches to be done at each corner are as follows: - Lower Body Stretches * Ankle Rolls * Gastrocnemius Stretches (also soleus) * Quadriceps Stretches * Hamstrings Stretches * Groin Stretches * Anterior shin Stretch * Psoas Stretch (hamstrings) * ITB Stretch (right hip and iliotibial band) * Gluteus Maximus Stretch Central/Neck Stretches * Hip Rolls * Neck Rolls * Abdominals Stretch * Waist Reach Stretch Upper body
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The first 2 legislative factors that Im going to compare are RIDDOR and Health and safety at work act 1974. The next two I am going to compare are the Adventure Activities Licensing Authority and Fire and Safety of Places of Sport Act 1987.
Fewer accidents mean more regular earnings as you are not off ill as much. Also it means that less sickness means more money is saved by the employer and the NHS. Now i will talk about the disadvantages of both of the factors. RIDDOR's disadvantage is that the person that is in charge of reporting injuries would have a load more of paper work to do, on top of their own job. This would be a lot more time consuming as they would have to find time to fill this paperwork out then make sure that the correct procedures were used and that the problem was solved.
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However, if a risk assessment is seen to be inadequate, (the law does not expect all risks to be defined), this can make you liable, if or even if not, an accident occurs, that could have been prevented with the aid of a risk assessment. What is a Risk Assessment? Risk assessments are a step in the risk management process. Risk assessment is the determination of quantative or qualitive value of risk that relates to areas that can be controlled.
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Whereas girls tend to cooperate better and have good patience. Development of coping ability When children play matches or games there are only one winning team but there is also a losing team. When losing the children will have to cope with disappointment and have respect for teamwork and the opposing team. When winning it will teach the children to have respect for the opposing side. Improved cooperation skills A successful team will need to cooperate to do well in a competition, so when children play in a competition in a team sport the performers will need to cooperate with each other, when older they can cooperate with people and consider other peoples feelings and views.
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An MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) is used to show the extent of the injury. This allows to see how bad the injury really is. Late (3rd)(6 months) Surgery is performed. The damaged ligament is removed and holes are drilled in the bone to accept the new graft. The graft replaces the old damaged ligament which would be taken from the hamstring tendon or the patella tendon. An advantage of this is that the damaged ACL is repaired. Disadvantages of this the hamstring would become shorter and the place the graft is taken from you will have to get rehab.
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Shin guards are mainly used to protect the lower leg against contact injuries. The anterior tibial border is very exposed as it only has a layer of skin over it. Repetitive blows occurring on someone not wearing shin guards can cause damage to the bone. Shin guards are also important for protecting the soft tissue of the lower leg. The lower leg is the most common site for compartment syndrome.
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If the body doesn't maintain the hearts beat it could build up to a heart attack. Footballers should also eat the right food groups to avoid consuming too much fat and too get plenty of carbohydrates. Signs and Symptoms: o Chest discomfort - usually in the centre of the chest, and may come and go. o Uncomfortable chest pressure o Chest squeezing o Chest fullness o Chest pain o Pain down left arm Hypothermia: When the body temperature drops below what is required for normal metabolism and bodily functions. When the body is exposed to cold its internal mechanisms may be unable to replenish the heat that is being lost to its surroundings.
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Activity or area Hazard People at risk Likelihood of accident (1-5) Severity (1-5) Low/medium /high Measures taken to control risk. Football 5-a side slipping Players 3 2 Low-6 Ensure it is cleaned before use. collision Players 4 3 Medium-12 Big enough pitch. Netting (post falling) Players 3 5 High-15 Check safe Stand collapse Fans/crowd 1 5 Low-5 Check capacity and check if it is safe Ball hits players Players 4 2 Low-8 Low bounce/weighted Ball. Dehydration Players 3 3 Medium-9 Drink plenty if water Marking Players 2 1 Low-2 Referee Litter Players 3 3 Medium-9 Check before game We also have basketball games in our sport centre and this is a risk assessment of basketball.
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This will also help prevent injury. The next hazard I will explain is the warm up. The warm up is very important and should always be performed before playing any sport. Muscles that aren't correctly prepared tend to injure easier. The warm up should start with some light cardiovascular activities such as: * Jumping jacks * Easy jogging * Brisk walking This increases your heart rate allowing more blood to go to you muscles therefore supplying them with more oxygen so that they can work properly.
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Head Position This shows a delivery side on. The head position of this player is kept facing the target, straight and steady at all times. Focusing on the target will provide the following things: * The delivery will ultimately go where targeted at * No possible injuries to the neck; any sudden jerks will stretch the neck muscles and sometimes will result in strains and tears * It will help in the momentum and balance in the delivery stride Speed of Shoulder Rotations If a player wants to bowl quickly, the main aspects of bowling quickly is 1.
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o Circle shoulders and arms o Stretch arms across the chest o Stretch arms behind head o Sway hips o Hamstring stretch o Quadriceps stretch o Touch toes o Shake arms and legs Main Activity (30 minutes) Song: Perfect Exceeder - Mason Vs Princess Superstar (10 minutes to teach the dance)
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My training programme will consist of two hours forty-five minutes and will include a warm-up, drills and a warm-down. WARM UP This will consist of a twenty minute pulse raiser. Jogging, sidestepping, backward jogging a small sprint will all be included in the warm up to try and minimize the risk of injury as much as possible. STRETCH Twenty minutes of dynamic and static stretching to also minimize the risk of injury. As I am looking at a goal keeper he will have to especially stretch the arms and hands.
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The races last roughly 2 hours, and as one can imagine the track gets worse as the race goes on having 200+ riders riding their hearts out. Not to mention the amount of skills and talent these guys have to have in order to compete in such an intense sport. The good aspects that make motorcycle racing such a wonderful extreme sport in my eyes are first and foremost it always keeps me wondering and guessing. My heart is always beating out of my chest when my boyfriend is "flying" through the woods and I am waiting for him come back around to a part of the track where I can see him again.
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This will help me on the pitch as quick precise movements would help me get around defenders easier or defend better. To improve my explosive strength This will help with the sheer power of my shots or passes having more power behind the ball will result in a better shot or pass. To improve my flexibility The reason I have chosen this aim is so I can stretch more for difficult moves. It will help me allowing me to stretch further without strain to control passes or reach to make tackles.
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Consequently for my PEP I will ensure everything is safe to use and the area is out of harm's way before starting my training. I will also ensure that I perform the correct procedures such as warming up
Warm ups and their benefits A warm up is usually performed before participating in sports or exercising. A warm up generally consists of a gradual increase in intensity in physical activity before actual performance. For example, before running or playing an intense sport you can slowly jog to warm muscles and increase heart rate. The purpose of the warm up is to take the body from an "at rest" state and prepare it for increased intensity activity. The gentle increase in activity allows the capillaries to dilate (expand) slowly to accommodate the increased blood flow and oxygen for the upcoming aerobic activity. Although the warm ups sounds quite straightforward, they are still structured into three sequences: 1.
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I cannot see why boxing should be singled out when an activity such as mountaineering is many times more likely to produce a fatality. I feel that banning boxing would be an unjustifiable draconian step and that the sport would in any case go underground. Given that boxing has such a huge following throughout the world. Boxing is a world entirely unto itself and if they were to ban it then they would be banning a way of being because people that box for a living have nothing else and getting in the ring is the only way in which they can express themselves.
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Choreographic Note Book"Step in Time" 1. At the beginning of the song there are 3 counts. We start facing the back. We wait on the first count
3. Punch right hand down towards the floor then do the same with left hand. Repeat but put hands behind back. Then do a body roll. (Counts 1-6). 4. For counts 7 and 8 clap hands above head. 5. Repeat step 4 but without the claps. 6. Skip forward for 4 counts and then back for 4. 7. Punch left hand then right hand towards the floor for counts 1 and 2. On counts 3 and 4 bend knees and rise up again, pulling arms up when your knees bend. 8. Repeat knee bending for counts 5 and 6.
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The trees in the park creak and groan as the wind picks up. Leaves rustle at my feet and my hair is whipped around my raw face by unseen hands. I disappear inside my warm jacket and spy the swings over in the corner. As I sit on the only swing not broken by vandals, one gloved hand entwined round the chain, and my feet scuffing at the tarmac, I gently propel myself forward and back in gentle rhythm. I am lost in my own world.
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T-type, The sort of training I will taking to improve my principles. FITT will help to understand and plan a bit more on what I should be doing. Also FITT will help in the sport I 'am doing because the factors of it will help to become a better player. Football is a sport that is physical, so a player has to be competitive, physical, strong and maybe skillful. For me to become a great football player I'll need to do more than just play football I'll need to do more than it is expected.
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My training session will take place on a full sized Astroturf hockey pitch, in an 'easy to get to' area
Objectives of the Training Sessions All participants should: * Have an understanding of the rules of hockey. * Accurately be able to pass the ball (long and short pass), shoot, dribble and tackle. * Know where the positions are on a hockey field, thoroughly understand own position. Week One Aims for Week One * Learn the basic rules of hockey. * Know why we do a warm up and how to perform a warm up. * Learn a skill or technique, in this week's case, push passing. * Know why we do a cool down and how to perform a cool down.
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Repetitions sets Leg Extension 25 20 2 Leg Curls 25 20 2 Lat machine 30 20 2 Pek-Dek 20 20 2 Chest Press 20 20 2 Incline press 20 20 2 Abs Machine 25 20 2 Week 2 Same as week 1 Slight increase of
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To cool down you need to jog/walk for a few minutes to decrease the body temperature and remove waste products from the working muscles. A cool down is also essential to remove lactic acid to stop it pooling which would cause cramp. Fitness * You need to be reasonably fit to play sport, being fit can reduce the possibility of injury, if you are unfit you are automatically increasing the risk of injury. If injured you will physically be not able to play your sport, meaning your fitness will atrophy and deteriorate.
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Hunters claim that they see hunting as nothing but a sport and if this is the case, should a sport be banned? According to the Countryside Alliance there are around 15 000 jobs in foxhunting, 910 of those in kennels. It is also claimed that the activity generates around �243m worth of trade. The main arguments made by pro-foxhunters are those made above- that many jobs could be lost and millions of pounds worth of trade lost too. The final point made by the supporters of foxhunting concerns the humanity.
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I glanced at my dad who was sitting in the stadium and gave him a wave. I stood in my position frozen to the ground listening to the frantic thumping of my heart. The referee called each captain to come up for the coin toss and tossed the coin high up into the deep warm air. The Spartans won the coin toss, and they decided that they would kick off. They kicked the ball into play. Their players dribbled the ball down towards our half, passing the ball between our players.
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Stretches These are the stretches that I would go through. Each stretch has a diagram, to demonstrate how the stretch is done, and the names of the muscles being stretched. Neck muscles (Sternocleidomastoid and scalenes) Shoulder muscle (Deltoids, Trapezius and Triceps) Spine Quadriceps (Rectus temoris and Sartoius) Hamstrings Gluteus Maximas (Gluteuls) Groin (Pectinus, Odducta longas and Odducta magnus) Skilled drills The final part of my warm up consists of practicing skills with my teammates. There are many forms that we can practice skills with. Grid work Grid work will be set out with players on four corners facing each other as shown in the diagram.
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