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GCSE: Safety Aspects and Risk Assessment
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Why are risk assessments important?
- 1 These are commonplace and a legal requirement in every sports establishment. There should be policies in place that require the completion and updating of RAs.
- 2 To create a RA, firstly spend time IN the space/environment and look around. Think, what are the ‘hazards’; what are the things that COULD go wrong here and could possibly cause a problem or harm? Don’t overlook anything – think pessimistically – what could be even the slightest hazard to people in that space?
- 3 Then, think about what could be in place as a ‘control measure’ to reduce or remove the risk of the identified hazard. These should be written and explained and put into place.
- 4 It’s important to then generate a risk rating (out of 3) for the likelihood of the hazard occurring and the severity of the hazard. Multiply these by each other for the risk rating. Values over ¾ should then be looked at again as this indicates that ‘further action’ is required to reduce the risk. If the risk rating is higher (eg: 7), then the activity should NOT take place as it is considered too dangerous with the current risks and control measures.
- 5 If the risk assessments is not completed and signed by those leading the activities, then the individuals and organization could be considered ‘negligent’ if an accident occurs. RAs can be evidence that safety has been seriously considered and action taken to make the environment and activity a safe place for all present.
- 1 Many students will have experienced some form of injury through their involvement of sport. This is a resource in itself. Discussion can reveal not only the cause and symptoms of the injury, but also the treatment of it.
- 2 It’s important to differentiate between acute and chronic injuries. Acute injuries are those that have occurred from a specific incident (eg, a sprained ankle or a fracture), whereas chronic injuries are a result of longer term activity or overuse (eg shin splints or tendonitis).
- 3 Exam questions or coursework tasks will often require you to write the cause of an injury, the symptoms it will show and how it can be treated. Make sure you include these elements to an answer.
- 4 Always remember to give examples of the injury and think about the sorts of sports or activities that this kind of injury might occur in (eg sprinters often pull their hamstrings, or tennis players often have tendonitis in the elbow – tennis elbow - from overusing these muscles / joits).
- 5 In some cases, the correct form of exercise can help avoid injuries (eg: strength training can increase joint stability and reduce the risks of dislocations and sprains).
Five safety aspects for a coach to consider
- 1 Personal Protective Equipment - When explaining how safety hazards can be reduced, remember to include the use of PPE by participants (and sometimes coaches). This is things such as gumshields, shin pads and body armour.
- 2 Qualifications – RAs should include the process of checking instructor or coach qualifications. Taking participants kayaking for eg, requires an appropriate level of instructor qualification from the National Governing Body (NGB). This MUST be checked.
- 3 Ethical factors – Ethics is simply explained as deciding what is right or wrong. Ethically, it would be wrong to knowing lead a session when there are uncontrolled dangers. It’s also ethically wrong to cause emotional harm to someone. If a participant is VERY frightened doing an activity, they should NOT be forced to do it.
- 4 Legal factors – If safety factors are NOT anticipated, the law may find you negligent and you will be accountable to the Health & Safety Executive and the law. This may result in dismissal from your job, fines or possibly a prison sentence.
- 5 Responsibilities – there are many contributing roles to maintaining safety : parents, coaches / teachers, participants. There are legal expectations too. Codes of Conduct should be in place (‘rules’ to clarify how things should be and how you should behave) and sports specifically have rules to maintain the safety of players and officials to employ them such as non-contact rules in netball and basketball. Assignments should not forget these factors.
- Marked by Teachers essays 2
It is caused by stressing the bone, commonly by violent twisting. It usually happens at all major joints such as - Shoulder, finger, thumb, elbow and ankles. The bone will be surrounded by swelling and covered in bruises and will be tender to touch. * Sprained Ligaments (over stretched ligaments) A sprain happens when a ligament or joint get overstretched and torn. Sprains occur when twisting your foot while running or other similar accidents. The sprain should be treated as a fracture if the ligament is torn because it is a lot more severe.
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Investigate the different risks and hazards associated with sports participation. Choose 6 risks and hazards, describing and explaining them in the table below.
Also others may pressure you into doing something above your ability. Environment It is always good to take into account what the environment is like, e.g. weather, warm, cold, hard surface, bogy surface. It is important to check out what the facilities are like before exercising on them to see if they are relevant. The coach The coach may teach you the wrong technique and may set your skill level too high which means you will be competing at a higher level which you're not capable of and you may over train yourself trying to get to the skill level that has been assigned.
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During those years, all East German athletes passed the testing procedures that were designed to catch "cheats." Retroactive stripping of medals has been steadfastly resisted by the IOC However, there is little difference between what the East Germans did and what the Australians and Americans are doing now. One difference is that the East Germans did not know their "little blue pills" were performance enhancing. At least the two swimming stars from Stanford know what they are doing and openly express their intentions to do so!
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Fire also keeps away wild creatures, and so you can have a peace rest at night. And last of all, fire and smoke can be used for signaling very long distances. First of all, you have to understand what four things are needed to start a fire and keep it burning: 1. Fuel including wood, gasoline, coal, dried animal dung, alcohol, or other material that burns. 2. Heat, for example that initially provided by a match or rubbing two sticks together.
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This is common with sports such as tennis and golf where the tendon in the elbow is under constant use. The elbow will be very sore and it becomes almost impossible to use without difficulty. Swelling will be visible surrounding the injured tendon. Tendonitis is caused by overuse of the tendons, frequently in the lower arm in the lower arm possibly from pushing their body to the limit by training too hard Dislocation Dislocation is where the bone is pulled out of its original joint.
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Health and safety at work act 1974 Under the health and safety at work act 1974, all employers have a duty of care to ensure that a safe working environment is provided which is free from anything that could cause harm or cause a risk to health or life. In this instance, the employers and employees have responsibilities. Employer responsibilities * To provide for the health, safety and welfare if all of their employees or those who work for them.
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Time must be given to regain consciousness. A spinal injury stress fracture is caused by twisting or direct stress to the bone. There is no treatment for this injury all that we can do is take the person with the injury to the hospital. The symptoms are pain in the back of the neck, swelling and bruising, redness and warmth , Tenderness to touch and numbness. This can be minimised by increasing calcium intake (calcium increases bone strength). It can also be minimised by doing strengthening exercises around the spine.
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Safety. Throughout the course of my circuit training I have to take in mind a number of safety considerations
When working at my stations I will check the equipment is safe to use and secure for e.g. when using the bench I will make sure it is stable and ready to use. I will make sure that I have listened to instructions, and seen an example of how to do the station so I can do the exercise properly, or I can view the cards which show an example of the station that I will be carrying out, and also use the equipment correctly for example not messing around with it, to avoid major injuries and to benefit from the station as much as possible.
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To prevent this, all you need to do is do a short cool down at the end of each physical activity e.g. light jog around the playing area. The long term affects of a lack of cool down is that you will be required to warm up more than usual to loosen up any tight muscles before participating in any future physical activities. Constant lack of cool down may cause you to get cramp persistently. Poor physical fitness/physique Football Pulled muscles e.g.
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I cool down to allow a gradual fall in my heart rate; I achieve this by performing light aerobic exercise such as walking for 5-10 minuets before strtching, as it shortens the recovery time of my muscles as it removes carbon dioxide and lactic acid, Which will make my heart rate decrease. I will also need to ensure I stay hydrated and have warm clothing on to ensure my body returns to its normal state and avoid dizziness and over or under heating of my body.
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When you are thinking about making a tennis lesson you should think about keeping young people involved
hitting the ball you should make sure that you only follow through to the tip of the net, if you go any lower than it will direct the ball into the net, serves should always be served diagonally across the court using a chopper grip. Drop shot As players hit with more power and more topspin the drop shot has become increasingly effective as a surprise variation. The drop shot is a gentle shot using a lot of backspin, which can confuse your opponent.
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However, this time hold the stretches for 12 secs each as the muscles will now be more flexible => Again jog to one end of the gym and walk back to the start => Stretch off biceps, triceps and rotate neck and shoulders and shake of all muscles. Evaluation Heart rate resting - 64 Heart rate after exercise - 146 Overall the session was successful. The exercises were not too strenuous, though where hard enough for me to progress to that fitness level.
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I will also like the warm up perform a few easy streches so it helps prevent stiffness. Session Evaluation I found this session quite enjoyable and didn't really experience any tedium. I found going round once was enough really and also thought the rest time on the stations was sufficient, also i made sure there wouldnt be stations next to each other that would test the same area of fitness so that worked quite well also. Circuit Training Exercises/Stations Skipping - musculer endurance / stamina Tricep dips - musculer endurance of triceps Balance Press ups - musculer endurance in arms Shuttles - Speed Sit ups - musculer endurance ( abdominals )
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The effects of a warm up on your Vascular System include - ~ Gradual increase in blood flow (Q) due to the vascular shunt mechanism via : * vasoconstriction of arterioles/precapillary sphincters to organs decreasing blood flow to organs and therefore increasing blood flow to working muscles * vasodilation of muscle arterioles/precapillary sphincters increasing blood flow delivery to working muscles. ~ Increased body/muscle temperature causing a more rapid increase in transport of the enzymes required for energy systems and muscle contraction. ~ Increase in body/muscle temperature which : * decreases blood viscosity, improving blood flow to working muscles * increases the dissociation of oxygen from haemoglobin in muscles tissues.
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So after this information I am going to create a fitness guide to help her lose weight and get fit quickly. But she has to have the will power and be prepared to do things she doesn't like. She also will have to eat healthily
No matter what your needs, a custom diet is developed for you with a balance of nutrients. Your Personal Diet gives you the "right balance" and the "right calories" based on your specific needs and goals. So eat more fruit and vegetables, try to do exercise after eating to lose the added calories and eat smaller portions. This resembles how you SHOULD EAT * DAY1: Today we will start by we will start with a slow easy aerobic warm up and then by the end of the week we can be on the serious stuff. An aerobic warm up can include things like star jumps, light jogging, knees ups etc.
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Press-Ups --> Lie face down on the floor, elbows bent and hands up by the chest, elbows bent, palms facing forwards. Raise your body up by straightening the arms, keeping your body straight as a plank. Once you have reached the top of the Press Up and your arms have straightened out, hold for a second and slowly lower back down to the starting position. Repeat this for 3-5 repetitions, more if you are comfortable, making sure that you have your abdominal muscles tensed throughout the exercise.
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The reason for this is that; a muscle or tendon group with a greater range of motion will be less likely to experience tears when used actively. Stretching also helps to improve recovery and may enhance the participant's performance. Additionally, increased flexibility of the neck, shoulders and upper back may improve respiratory function. The nervous system becomes stimulated which makes sure you more alert and aware and therefore it gets you psychologically prepared. This will help to increase your levels of motivation and determination to carry out your dance sessions.
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Discuss the prevailing themes and techniques in Carol Ann Duffy's 1993 collection 'Mean Time'. Bring out your own personal response to the poem.
The doors of the bus opened slowly just to add to the tension. It was so quite you could almost here a pin drop. Footsteps where heard, the press started hovering around the bus .The crowd on the other side of the road, were waiting for autographs. They started singing and chanting "Ruud, Ruud, Ruud". Some of the younger players got off the bus and quickly walked straight into the corridor, down to the changing rooms while they were totally focused.
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Sun REST Week 2 Mon. Dynamic Stretch, Circuit training: Same stations as last week. But this time increase the time spent up to 40secs on each station. Tues. Dynamic Stretch, Farltek Training: 30 mins Same as last week but increase the intensity, work harder and try and run further in the allocated time. Wed. Dynamic Stretch, Continuous training: Increase time spent 40mins jogging at the same pace DO NOT REST. Thurs. REST Fri. Dynamic Stretch. Interval training: 60-metre sprint followed by 30 seconds easy jogging enabling your self to recover. 4 sets. Sat Dynamic Stretch.
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You should also be standing on your toes so when you hit the ball you may get away quickly. Eyes on the ball After looking round the field you should always have your eyes on the ball just in case the bowler tries a quick and sharp bowl. Hand eye co-ordination To be a good batter you should have good hand eye co-ordination which is in this case enabling your eyes and arms to work together in producing a desired movement which in batting is connecting with the ball. Aiming To be a good batter you should have at least some sort of accuracy so that when you work out where you want the ball to go you can get it somewhere around that point.
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o These loosen the joints to be used, (shoulders/hips/neck) and help injury prevention. o They are simple. Stretches: o Quadricep stretch, by holding the foot behind the performer and pushing the hips forwards slightly. o Hamstring stretch, by bending one leg at the knee and putting the other leg out straight so that the heel is on the floor. The hands should rest on the bent knee. o Calf stretch, by putting one foot back and parallel but not adjacent to the other foot, and pushing down on the back heel until a slight strain is felt.
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Temperature is a factor that needs to be considered. For dancers to rehearse or perform, they must be in a temperature that does not allow them to become chilled before, during or after any activity. The ambient temperature should not be any lower than 68-70o F. Muscle injuries in particular are more likely to take place if the dancers are adequately warmed up. Temperatures too high will also cause complications. Although not immediate injuries to the muscles, excessively high temperatures will lead to excessive sweating, causing water loss and the loss of sugars and salts.
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* Draw chin forwards and level the head. * Keeping head level, return to upright. * Tilt chin forwards, towards the chest. * Ease head backwards, leaving chin downwards * Finish by slowly raising the chin and head back to the upright position. The deep stretch - Stand upright with feet hip width apart. Lock fingers together behind back. Gently ease the elbows up and away from the body, until the stretch is felt. Hold this for 20 to 30 seconds. Press-ups - Start with your hands flat on the floor, underneath shoulders. Support body on toes, keeping legs straight.
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Do those who appose boxing mean that the equipment necessary for boxing is expensive, when they say the sport is expensive to take up? If I was to buy bandages, a gumsheild, boxing boots, boxing gloves, a skipping rope and a punch bag, I may pay around �150 for quality set of these (from Boxing-zone.co.uk), but I could have access to the gloves, punch bag, and skipping rope for free at my local boxing club. Still, �150 may seem a bit much, then again if I wanted to start skiing for example, I may have to pay around �400 for
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Balance exercises walking, jogging/cycling or skipping. Can be included here an will improve levels of Neuromuscular co- ordination and concentration. I have found that to optimise the efficiency of my nervous system, I spend the last 3-5 minutes of my warm up on some basic balance and dynamic flexibility exercises. My personal warm up broke down into these sections; Pulse raiser: Generally I began by walking around a specific area for example the hall where I am training, just focusing my mind off the day gone by and the tasks in hand as I walk around.
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