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GCSE: Safety Aspects and Risk Assessment

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Why are risk assessments important?

  1. 1 These are commonplace and a legal requirement in every sports establishment. There should be policies in place that require the completion and updating of RAs.
  2. 2 To create a RA, firstly spend time IN the space/environment and look around. Think, what are the ‘hazards’; what are the things that COULD go wrong here and could possibly cause a problem or harm? Don’t overlook anything – think pessimistically – what could be even the slightest hazard to people in that space?
  3. 3 Then, think about what could be in place as a ‘control measure’ to reduce or remove the risk of the identified hazard. These should be written and explained and put into place.
  4. 4 It’s important to then generate a risk rating (out of 3) for the likelihood of the hazard occurring and the severity of the hazard. Multiply these by each other for the risk rating. Values over ¾ should then be looked at again as this indicates that ‘further action’ is required to reduce the risk. If the risk rating is higher (eg: 7), then the activity should NOT take place as it is considered too dangerous with the current risks and control measures.
  5. 5 If the risk assessments is not completed and signed by those leading the activities, then the individuals and organization could be considered ‘negligent’ if an accident occurs. RAs can be evidence that safety has been seriously considered and action taken to make the environment and activity a safe place for all present.

Sports injuries

  1. 1 Many students will have experienced some form of injury through their involvement of sport. This is a resource in itself. Discussion can reveal not only the cause and symptoms of the injury, but also the treatment of it.
  2. 2 It’s important to differentiate between acute and chronic injuries. Acute injuries are those that have occurred from a specific incident (eg, a sprained ankle or a fracture), whereas chronic injuries are a result of longer term activity or overuse (eg shin splints or tendonitis).
  3. 3 Exam questions or coursework tasks will often require you to write the cause of an injury, the symptoms it will show and how it can be treated. Make sure you include these elements to an answer.
  4. 4 Always remember to give examples of the injury and think about the sorts of sports or activities that this kind of injury might occur in (eg sprinters often pull their hamstrings, or tennis players often have tendonitis in the elbow – tennis elbow - from overusing these muscles / joits).
  5. 5 In some cases, the correct form of exercise can help avoid injuries (eg: strength training can increase joint stability and reduce the risks of dislocations and sprains).

Five safety aspects for a coach to consider

  1. 1 Personal Protective Equipment - When explaining how safety hazards can be reduced, remember to include the use of PPE by participants (and sometimes coaches). This is things such as gumshields, shin pads and body armour.
  2. 2 Qualifications – RAs should include the process of checking instructor or coach qualifications. Taking participants kayaking for eg, requires an appropriate level of instructor qualification from the National Governing Body (NGB). This MUST be checked.
  3. 3 Ethical factors – Ethics is simply explained as deciding what is right or wrong. Ethically, it would be wrong to knowing lead a session when there are uncontrolled dangers. It’s also ethically wrong to cause emotional harm to someone. If a participant is VERY frightened doing an activity, they should NOT be forced to do it.
  4. 4 Legal factors – If safety factors are NOT anticipated, the law may find you negligent and you will be accountable to the Health & Safety Executive and the law. This may result in dismissal from your job, fines or possibly a prison sentence.
  5. 5 Responsibilities – there are many contributing roles to maintaining safety : parents, coaches / teachers, participants. There are legal expectations too. Codes of Conduct should be in place (‘rules’ to clarify how things should be and how you should behave) and sports specifically have rules to maintain the safety of players and officials to employ them such as non-contact rules in netball and basketball. Assignments should not forget these factors.

  1. Aqua Fitness/Water Safety

    The far end of the rip current usually forms a large roundish shape and is known as the head of the rip current * Look for debris r foam floating * NOTE: It is better to look for a rip, from a higher perspective 2. What steps would you advise swimmers to take if they were caught in a rip? Swimmers if they are ever caught in a rip, their first step should be to follow the three R's: Relax-stay calm, and float with the current, swim across it not against, Raise-raise an arm to signal for help and Rescue-float and wait for help.

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  2. 6 week coaching scheme cricket skills

    Introduction * A brief introduction of myself and the other participants * Explain basic rules of cricket such as wides, no balls, run outs, stumpings and the amount of balls bowled in an over 6:10 - 6:30 - Warm Up It is important that a warm up is set for the beginning of each session as it gets the body in the correct state to perform physical activities without suffering from injury. The warm up will involve raising the heart rate and stretching specific muscle groups to allow a greater range of movement around joints and at the muscles.

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  3. Most injuries in hockey are mainly down to being struck by a hockey stick or hockey balls. Injuries in hockey can be very serious and as it is played in over 132 countries, injuries are very common. Overuse injuries to the ankles and lower back

    Enforcing rules helps prevention of dangerous use of sticks and careless play of the ball. Also seek medical attention sooner rather than later and get adequate nutrition. Injured people should not be moved unless they them self say that it is ok. If more attention is paid to extrinsic and intrinsic risk factors, injuries can be a lot less frequent. The same injuries can occur in many different sports in different situations but there can be more common injuries in each individual sport such as legs in football, shoulder or arm in javelin and hands or ankles in netball etc.

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  4. Personal Exercise Programme.

    Reversibility is any adaptation that takes place as a consequence of training will be reversed when you stop training. This did not affect my PEP as I didn't receive any injuries that required me to stop training. 5. I have avoided my programme getting boring by trying not to repeat the types of training. Also I have used different locations and terrain types when jogging. Method of Training In my PEP I used the following methods of training: * Continuous- to improve my aerobic fitness. * Fartlek- used when doing weights so to improve my strength. I could have used the multi-stage fitness test to test my aerobic fitness at the beginning.

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  5. I will design and carry out my PEP on the basis of me being a football player.

    vital tackles), strength (to out muscle opponents and kick the ball far), speed (to get to the ball quicker than the opponent), and good reaction time (this is so I can react to the ball quicker than an opponent.) My PEP should help me to improve all of these skills and as a result I will become a better football player. I have never suffered any long-term injuries of any kind and have no recurring injuries. Other sports that I enjoy to do are fishing, golf, tennis and table tennis.

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  6. Personal Warm-Up.

    This increases the blood flow and helps with the transportation of oxygen and nutrients to the working muscles. This also helps to increase the muscle temperature, allowing for a more effective static stretch. Jogging Jogging slowly for 3-5 minutes is the first exercise of my routine. This circulates the blood through all the muscles, providing greater flexibility for stretching. My jog starts out slowly, and then gradually increases in speed to its completion; however, when I am jogging I never reach 50% of my maximum effort by the end of the jog, as the sole objective of this phase of the warm-up is circulating the blood.

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  7. There are 3 parts to a training session - the warm-up, the main activity and then after, the cool down.

    This is the one I will be doing during my training programme. There are several important things to consider when designing a warm-up. * Athletes that do short explosive sports benefit most from warm-ups. In trained athletes direct warm-ups are very beneficial. * Progressive or endurance type sports, such as cross country running - do not benefit from intense direct warming up, this is because they may carry out a light aerobic session - resulting in lesser energy and this may decrease their performance. Moderate indirect warm-ups however will help performance. * Intense indirect warm-ups interfere in performance through tiredness and can be harmful to skilled sports.

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  8. This assignment will cover the main and most occurring sporting injuries, the signs and symptoms, how to treat them and there long and short term affects in sports performance.

    Compression Bandage the injured part firmly (but not tightly) using a crepe bandage. This also reduces internal bleeding. Elevation Support the limb in an elevated (raised) position. This also reduces blood flow to the limb because the blood has to flow against gravity. Common injuries A) Skin Injuries There are many types of skin injuries such as..... Injury to the skin Signs and symptoms of injury Treatment Abrasion/graze PAIN Redness-Damage to damaged cells. Leaking fluid due to damaged skin cells Burning sensation. Clean and prevent infection Cover/Leave to air.

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  9. Darren Mansaram (or Flash as he is better off known) scored one of the best goals he had ever scored in his short career.

    The officials called in the two captains to determine who was to kick off. It was to be Grimsby to kick off left to right towards the away end. Flash and David 'Digger' Soames to kick off, playing the ball back to Stuart Campbell who in turn plays it to player/manager Paul Groves. Groves loses out to Paul Weller who plays a first time ball to Arthur Gnohere. He hits a long ball over the top of the Grimsby defence, Georges Santos looks over at the linesman to see if there is an off-side, Robbie Blake chases it down, takes it around the Grimsby keeper, Danny Coyne, and hits a shot which smacks the upright.

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  10. Improving Flexibility.

    Although women have a natural advantage due to the body structure allowing greater flexibility, both males and females can greatly improve their flexibility through training. The various techniques of stretching may be grouped as Static, Ballistic and Assisted. In both Static and Ballistic exercises the athlete is in control of the movements. In Assisted an external force controls the movement, which is usually a partner. Static stretching Static stretching involves gradually easing into the stretch position and holding the position.

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  11. Six week Rugby training program

    That's why its part of the cool down. Some dos and don'ts 1. You should feel the pull in the belly of the muscle. If you feel it at the joint, the ligaments are probably under stress. Stop and reposition yourself. 2. A correct stretch should cause only mild discomfort. Stop if you feel pain. 3. Hold stretch for at least 8-10 seconds These stretches are to be completed before and after a game or training session every time Calf Stretch Rest comfortably in a press up position. Crossing one leg over your ankle, gently apply pressure pushing the ankle down to the floor until you feel the calf stretching.

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  12. Netball Fitness Program

    in radius. Only two players from each team may score goals, the Goal Shooter and Goal Attack. The team in possession of the ball is called the attacking team and the team trying to intercept or gain control of the ball is the defending team. Each team has specific attacking and defending players even though each player both attacks and defends throughout the game. The winners of the game are the team that has scored the most goals within the allotted time.

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