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GCSE: Safety Aspects and Risk Assessment
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Why are risk assessments important?
- 1 These are commonplace and a legal requirement in every sports establishment. There should be policies in place that require the completion and updating of RAs.
- 2 To create a RA, firstly spend time IN the space/environment and look around. Think, what are the ‘hazards’; what are the things that COULD go wrong here and could possibly cause a problem or harm? Don’t overlook anything – think pessimistically – what could be even the slightest hazard to people in that space?
- 3 Then, think about what could be in place as a ‘control measure’ to reduce or remove the risk of the identified hazard. These should be written and explained and put into place.
- 4 It’s important to then generate a risk rating (out of 3) for the likelihood of the hazard occurring and the severity of the hazard. Multiply these by each other for the risk rating. Values over ¾ should then be looked at again as this indicates that ‘further action’ is required to reduce the risk. If the risk rating is higher (eg: 7), then the activity should NOT take place as it is considered too dangerous with the current risks and control measures.
- 5 If the risk assessments is not completed and signed by those leading the activities, then the individuals and organization could be considered ‘negligent’ if an accident occurs. RAs can be evidence that safety has been seriously considered and action taken to make the environment and activity a safe place for all present.
- 1 Many students will have experienced some form of injury through their involvement of sport. This is a resource in itself. Discussion can reveal not only the cause and symptoms of the injury, but also the treatment of it.
- 2 It’s important to differentiate between acute and chronic injuries. Acute injuries are those that have occurred from a specific incident (eg, a sprained ankle or a fracture), whereas chronic injuries are a result of longer term activity or overuse (eg shin splints or tendonitis).
- 3 Exam questions or coursework tasks will often require you to write the cause of an injury, the symptoms it will show and how it can be treated. Make sure you include these elements to an answer.
- 4 Always remember to give examples of the injury and think about the sorts of sports or activities that this kind of injury might occur in (eg sprinters often pull their hamstrings, or tennis players often have tendonitis in the elbow – tennis elbow - from overusing these muscles / joits).
- 5 In some cases, the correct form of exercise can help avoid injuries (eg: strength training can increase joint stability and reduce the risks of dislocations and sprains).
Five safety aspects for a coach to consider
- 1 Personal Protective Equipment - When explaining how safety hazards can be reduced, remember to include the use of PPE by participants (and sometimes coaches). This is things such as gumshields, shin pads and body armour.
- 2 Qualifications – RAs should include the process of checking instructor or coach qualifications. Taking participants kayaking for eg, requires an appropriate level of instructor qualification from the National Governing Body (NGB). This MUST be checked.
- 3 Ethical factors – Ethics is simply explained as deciding what is right or wrong. Ethically, it would be wrong to knowing lead a session when there are uncontrolled dangers. It’s also ethically wrong to cause emotional harm to someone. If a participant is VERY frightened doing an activity, they should NOT be forced to do it.
- 4 Legal factors – If safety factors are NOT anticipated, the law may find you negligent and you will be accountable to the Health & Safety Executive and the law. This may result in dismissal from your job, fines or possibly a prison sentence.
- 5 Responsibilities – there are many contributing roles to maintaining safety : parents, coaches / teachers, participants. There are legal expectations too. Codes of Conduct should be in place (‘rules’ to clarify how things should be and how you should behave) and sports specifically have rules to maintain the safety of players and officials to employ them such as non-contact rules in netball and basketball. Assignments should not forget these factors.
- Marked by Teachers essays 2
Rules, regulations and legislation are really important as they provide a safe environment for both players and supporters at a football match/stadium.
Police officers surround the supporters to stop any physical or verbal abuse between rival supporters. Without crowd segregation there would be fights in the stadium all the way through the game. A turnstile is a big gate that only allows one ticket holder into the stadium at a time, .it also counts how many people go through. This is very useful incase of a fire as officials will know exactly how many people are in the building. So it's kind of like a register being called at a fire drill. Another upside of turnstiles is it only allows ticket holders to get to see the match.
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Time - I will make sure that each exercise session I do is at least 20 minutes Type - I will be using weight training. Why do we warm up? We warm up to increase our heart rate, which in turn increases our blood flow to our muscles and therefore increases the oxygen to our muscles and it also gives our muscles enough oxygen to respire aerobically. It also warms up our muscles for the intensity of the session, which prevents injury.
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You would need strength in basketball when jumping up to either defend or score. Stamina is the strength of endurance and can be mental or physical. An example of good stamina in basketball, is keeping up with the speed or to better it throughout a match. This shows you can endure and have good stamina. Basketball Warm-up Firstly, flexibility is a component of basketball. When performed on a consistent basis, a warm-up and stretching routine provides improved coordination, improved awareness and greater efficiency of muscular contractions. It is crucial to gain enough flexibility to reach higher toward the basket and increase your stride.
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Emily must be quite agile to play her position as she will have to change directions very quickly when trying to dodge the attacker and when the ball is passed in the other direction. The more agile she is, the easier and quicker it will be for her to try and receive the ball. Lastly, power is very important. It is needed by Goal Defence when a ball is passed ahead of her and when the ball is about to go off court as she will need to sprint to catch the ball.
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Wednesday 8th September, Hills Road Sports Hall 5 minutes jogging at 60% maximum Heart rate, 15 minute full body stretch 30 seconds on each station. 15 seconds walking in between each station. 3 times through each circuit with 1 minutes rest between each circuit, but still moving so that my muscles do not tighten up (see fig 1. for circuit) 3 minutes jogging at 40% max. Heart rate, 10 minute full body stretch I thought the order of the stations that I did was very good because it mixed up the exercises so that I was working a different part of the body at each station.
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Repetitive strain injury (RSI) RSI is the term used to describe several disorders affecting the neck, shoulders and upper limbs. The symptoms include aches and stiffness in arms, neck and shoulders and tingling or a loss of sensation in arms and hands. Visual fatigue (eyestrain) People who spend long hours in front of a computer screen are at risk of eyestrain caused by the glare from the screen, inadequate lighting, badly designed workstations and poor working practices. In addition, some workers do not wear the correct prescription glasses.
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A Warm Up it vital because it helps prevent injury by having the muscles prepared for exercise before they actually do the exercise. There are three main parts of a warm up: The Pulse Raiser, Muscle Stretch, Skills Cardiovascular: For five minutes, this will increase the body temperature and slowly increase the heart rate and improve the exchange of oxygen from Haemoglobin, it will improve your range of motion, your flexibility. By warming up you are decreasing and helping to prevent the risk of injury and preparing psychologically.
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I can only do my part. Time: I have six weeks in which to improve my weaknesses and keep my strength at the same high level. Enjoyable: I will enjoy improving these aspects because I love playing football and often go on jogs anyway. Recorded: Shooting: The number I score or get on target will be recorded as a number out of the number of shots I take (12 out of 30). Endurance: The level that I achieve will be written down.
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I will build my progression up, hopefully getting my fitness to a higher level. I will include the F.I.T.T principle to every activity I do. What methods will I use? I will use continuous training when jogging and I will use interval training doing shuttle runs. The work on both the rowing machine and the bike will be continuous because I will be trying to stay at the same speed for the amount of time stated because this will work my heart more and for a longer compared to interval training. What should a warm up include?
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In my study I am aiming to help a selected number of pupils improve their hockey skills in passing. Through out my the six week investigation I will take 5 pupils and teach them the skills required to make a successful hit and push pass. I will do this but using the information below. Throughout my sessions I will amylase each person in my study and will keep a close eye on the improvements and corrections, which need help with.
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The motor neurones that stimulate fast twitch muscle fibres have a thicker myelin sheath to speed up contraction. 3. Endurance strength-ability of muscles to withstand fatigue. It requires anaerobic capacity/muscular endurance. * Flexibility (static) - range of movement possible around a joint depending on the amount of stretch allowed by the muscles, joints, tendons and ligaments. Dynamic flexibility - resistance of a joint to movement. * Body composition - your body mass is made up of lean body mass and body fat.
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It raises the pulse before performance and ensures that blood is pumped around the body more quickly. Muscles always work better when they are warm. In a normal warm up there should always be three specific phases that we go through in order to perform a warm up successfully. Phase 1:- Perform a continuous sub-maximal whole body cavity to increase Heart rate and body temperature. E.g. a light jog. Phase 2:- Now we should perform a flexibility session to make sure that all Muscles are stretched and ready for performance.
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As it warms, muscle tissue also becomes suppler, reducing the risk of strains and tears. Yet typical water temperature is usually 15 to 20 degrees lower than our body temperature, meaning your first plunge can actually have a chilling effect on your muscles, constricting blood vessels and reducing circulation for the first few minutes. This can cause binding of muscle tissue and an increase in lactic acid levels. A few minutes of light calisthenics before entering the water will increase your body's resistance to that initial shock.
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