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GCSE: Safety Aspects and Risk Assessment

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Why are risk assessments important?

  1. 1 These are commonplace and a legal requirement in every sports establishment. There should be policies in place that require the completion and updating of RAs.
  2. 2 To create a RA, firstly spend time IN the space/environment and look around. Think, what are the ‘hazards’; what are the things that COULD go wrong here and could possibly cause a problem or harm? Don’t overlook anything – think pessimistically – what could be even the slightest hazard to people in that space?
  3. 3 Then, think about what could be in place as a ‘control measure’ to reduce or remove the risk of the identified hazard. These should be written and explained and put into place.
  4. 4 It’s important to then generate a risk rating (out of 3) for the likelihood of the hazard occurring and the severity of the hazard. Multiply these by each other for the risk rating. Values over ¾ should then be looked at again as this indicates that ‘further action’ is required to reduce the risk. If the risk rating is higher (eg: 7), then the activity should NOT take place as it is considered too dangerous with the current risks and control measures.
  5. 5 If the risk assessments is not completed and signed by those leading the activities, then the individuals and organization could be considered ‘negligent’ if an accident occurs. RAs can be evidence that safety has been seriously considered and action taken to make the environment and activity a safe place for all present.

Sports injuries

  1. 1 Many students will have experienced some form of injury through their involvement of sport. This is a resource in itself. Discussion can reveal not only the cause and symptoms of the injury, but also the treatment of it.
  2. 2 It’s important to differentiate between acute and chronic injuries. Acute injuries are those that have occurred from a specific incident (eg, a sprained ankle or a fracture), whereas chronic injuries are a result of longer term activity or overuse (eg shin splints or tendonitis).
  3. 3 Exam questions or coursework tasks will often require you to write the cause of an injury, the symptoms it will show and how it can be treated. Make sure you include these elements to an answer.
  4. 4 Always remember to give examples of the injury and think about the sorts of sports or activities that this kind of injury might occur in (eg sprinters often pull their hamstrings, or tennis players often have tendonitis in the elbow – tennis elbow - from overusing these muscles / joits).
  5. 5 In some cases, the correct form of exercise can help avoid injuries (eg: strength training can increase joint stability and reduce the risks of dislocations and sprains).

Five safety aspects for a coach to consider

  1. 1 Personal Protective Equipment - When explaining how safety hazards can be reduced, remember to include the use of PPE by participants (and sometimes coaches). This is things such as gumshields, shin pads and body armour.
  2. 2 Qualifications – RAs should include the process of checking instructor or coach qualifications. Taking participants kayaking for eg, requires an appropriate level of instructor qualification from the National Governing Body (NGB). This MUST be checked.
  3. 3 Ethical factors – Ethics is simply explained as deciding what is right or wrong. Ethically, it would be wrong to knowing lead a session when there are uncontrolled dangers. It’s also ethically wrong to cause emotional harm to someone. If a participant is VERY frightened doing an activity, they should NOT be forced to do it.
  4. 4 Legal factors – If safety factors are NOT anticipated, the law may find you negligent and you will be accountable to the Health & Safety Executive and the law. This may result in dismissal from your job, fines or possibly a prison sentence.
  5. 5 Responsibilities – there are many contributing roles to maintaining safety : parents, coaches / teachers, participants. There are legal expectations too. Codes of Conduct should be in place (‘rules’ to clarify how things should be and how you should behave) and sports specifically have rules to maintain the safety of players and officials to employ them such as non-contact rules in netball and basketball. Assignments should not forget these factors.

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  1. cool down after my choosen sport

    I cool down to allow a gradual fall in my heart rate; I achieve this by performing light aerobic exercise such as walking for 5-10 minuets before strtching, as it shortens the recovery time of my muscles as it removes carbon dioxide and lactic acid, Which will make my heart rate decrease. I will also need to ensure I stay hydrated and have warm clothing on to ensure my body returns to its normal state and avoid dizziness and over or under heating of my body.

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  2. When you are thinking about making a tennis lesson you should think about keeping young people involved

    hitting the ball you should make sure that you only follow through to the tip of the net, if you go any lower than it will direct the ball into the net, serves should always be served diagonally across the court using a chopper grip. Drop shot As players hit with more power and more topspin the drop shot has become increasingly effective as a surprise variation. The drop shot is a gentle shot using a lot of backspin, which can confuse your opponent.

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  3. Motorcycle Racing.

    The races last roughly 2 hours, and as one can imagine the track gets worse as the race goes on having 200+ riders riding their hearts out. Not to mention the amount of skills and talent these guys have to have in order to compete in such an intense sport. The good aspects that make motorcycle racing such a wonderful extreme sport in my eyes are first and foremost it always keeps me wondering and guessing. My heart is always beating out of my chest when my boyfriend is "flying" through the woods and I am waiting for him come back around to a part of the track where I can see him again.

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  4. PE training plan

    This will help me on the pitch as quick precise movements would help me get around defenders easier or defend better. To improve my explosive strength This will help with the sheer power of my shots or passes having more power behind the ball will result in a better shot or pass. To improve my flexibility The reason I have chosen this aim is so I can stretch more for difficult moves. It will help me allowing me to stretch further without strain to control passes or reach to make tackles.

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  5. 6 week coaching scheme cricket skills

    Introduction * A brief introduction of myself and the other participants * Explain basic rules of cricket such as wides, no balls, run outs, stumpings and the amount of balls bowled in an over 6:10 - 6:30 - Warm Up It is important that a warm up is set for the beginning of each session as it gets the body in the correct state to perform physical activities without suffering from injury. The warm up will involve raising the heart rate and stretching specific muscle groups to allow a greater range of movement around joints and at the muscles.

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  6. P.E. session plan for fartlek training

    However, this time hold the stretches for 12 secs each as the muscles will now be more flexible => Again jog to one end of the gym and walk back to the start => Stretch off biceps, triceps and rotate neck and shoulders and shake of all muscles. Evaluation Heart rate resting - 64 Heart rate after exercise - 146 Overall the session was successful. The exercises were not too strenuous, though where hard enough for me to progress to that fitness level.

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  7. GCSE PE Analysing Performance Task

    Emily must be quite agile to play her position as she will have to change directions very quickly when trying to dodge the attacker and when the ball is passed in the other direction. The more agile she is, the easier and quicker it will be for her to try and receive the ball. Lastly, power is very important. It is needed by Goal Defence when a ball is passed ahead of her and when the ball is about to go off court as she will need to sprint to catch the ball.

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  8. Consequently for my PEP I will ensure everything is safe to use and the area is out of harm's way before starting my training. I will also ensure that I perform the correct procedures such as warming up

    Warm ups and their benefits A warm up is usually performed before participating in sports or exercising. A warm up generally consists of a gradual increase in intensity in physical activity before actual performance. For example, before running or playing an intense sport you can slowly jog to warm muscles and increase heart rate. The purpose of the warm up is to take the body from an "at rest" state and prepare it for increased intensity activity. The gentle increase in activity allows the capillaries to dilate (expand) slowly to accommodate the increased blood flow and oxygen for the upcoming aerobic activity. Although the warm ups sounds quite straightforward, they are still structured into three sequences: 1.

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  9. Circuit Training

    I will also like the warm up perform a few easy streches so it helps prevent stiffness. Session Evaluation I found this session quite enjoyable and didn't really experience any tedium. I found going round once was enough really and also thought the rest time on the stations was sufficient, also i made sure there wouldnt be stations next to each other that would test the same area of fitness so that worked quite well also. Circuit Training Exercises/Stations Skipping - musculer endurance / stamina Tricep dips - musculer endurance of triceps Balance Press ups - musculer endurance in arms Shuttles - Speed Sit ups - musculer endurance ( abdominals )

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  10. Personal Performance Porfolio Anatomy and Physiology Warm-Up and Cool-Down

    The effects of a warm up on your Vascular System include - ~ Gradual increase in blood flow (Q) due to the vascular shunt mechanism via : * vasoconstriction of arterioles/precapillary sphincters to organs decreasing blood flow to organs and therefore increasing blood flow to working muscles * vasodilation of muscle arterioles/precapillary sphincters increasing blood flow delivery to working muscles. ~ Increased body/muscle temperature causing a more rapid increase in transport of the enzymes required for energy systems and muscle contraction. ~ Increase in body/muscle temperature which : * decreases blood viscosity, improving blood flow to working muscles * increases the dissociation of oxygen from haemoglobin in muscles tissues.

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  11. So after this information I am going to create a fitness guide to help her lose weight and get fit quickly. But she has to have the will power and be prepared to do things she doesn't like. She also will have to eat healthily

    No matter what your needs, a custom diet is developed for you with a balance of nutrients. Your Personal Diet gives you the "right balance" and the "right calories" based on your specific needs and goals. So eat more fruit and vegetables, try to do exercise after eating to lose the added calories and eat smaller portions. This resembles how you SHOULD EAT * DAY1: Today we will start by we will start with a slow easy aerobic warm up and then by the end of the week we can be on the serious stuff. An aerobic warm up can include things like star jumps, light jogging, knees ups etc.

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    I cannot see why boxing should be singled out when an activity such as mountaineering is many times more likely to produce a fatality. I feel that banning boxing would be an unjustifiable draconian step and that the sport would in any case go underground. Given that boxing has such a huge following throughout the world. Boxing is a world entirely unto itself and if they were to ban it then they would be banning a way of being because people that box for a living have nothing else and getting in the ring is the only way in which they can express themselves.

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  13. Date/ Location

    Wednesday 8th September, Hills Road Sports Hall 5 minutes jogging at 60% maximum Heart rate, 15 minute full body stretch 30 seconds on each station. 15 seconds walking in between each station. 3 times through each circuit with 1 minutes rest between each circuit, but still moving so that my muscles do not tighten up (see fig 1. for circuit) 3 minutes jogging at 40% max. Heart rate, 10 minute full body stretch I thought the order of the stations that I did was very good because it mixed up the exercises so that I was working a different part of the body at each station.

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  14. Choreographic Note Book"Step in Time" 1. At the beginning of the song there are 3 counts. We start facing the back. We wait on the first count

    3. Punch right hand down towards the floor then do the same with left hand. Repeat but put hands behind back. Then do a body roll. (Counts 1-6). 4. For counts 7 and 8 clap hands above head. 5. Repeat step 4 but without the claps. 6. Skip forward for 4 counts and then back for 4. 7. Punch left hand then right hand towards the floor for counts 1 and 2. On counts 3 and 4 bend knees and rise up again, pulling arms up when your knees bend. 8. Repeat knee bending for counts 5 and 6.

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  15. Descriptive Piece of Writing: The Park

    The trees in the park creak and groan as the wind picks up. Leaves rustle at my feet and my hair is whipped around my raw face by unseen hands. I disappear inside my warm jacket and spy the swings over in the corner. As I sit on the only swing not broken by vandals, one gloved hand entwined round the chain, and my feet scuffing at the tarmac, I gently propel myself forward and back in gentle rhythm. I am lost in my own world.

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  16. personal plan

    T-type, The sort of training I will taking to improve my principles. FITT will help to understand and plan a bit more on what I should be doing. Also FITT will help in the sport I 'am doing because the factors of it will help to become a better player. Football is a sport that is physical, so a player has to be competitive, physical, strong and maybe skillful. For me to become a great football player I'll need to do more than just play football I'll need to do more than it is expected.

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  17. Most injuries in hockey are mainly down to being struck by a hockey stick or hockey balls. Injuries in hockey can be very serious and as it is played in over 132 countries, injuries are very common. Overuse injuries to the ankles and lower back

    Enforcing rules helps prevention of dangerous use of sticks and careless play of the ball. Also seek medical attention sooner rather than later and get adequate nutrition. Injured people should not be moved unless they them self say that it is ok. If more attention is paid to extrinsic and intrinsic risk factors, injuries can be a lot less frequent. The same injuries can occur in many different sports in different situations but there can be more common injuries in each individual sport such as legs in football, shoulder or arm in javelin and hands or ankles in netball etc.

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  18. My training session will take place on a full sized Astroturf hockey pitch, in an 'easy to get to' area

    Objectives of the Training Sessions All participants should: * Have an understanding of the rules of hockey. * Accurately be able to pass the ball (long and short pass), shoot, dribble and tackle. * Know where the positions are on a hockey field, thoroughly understand own position. Week One Aims for Week One * Learn the basic rules of hockey. * Know why we do a warm up and how to perform a warm up. * Learn a skill or technique, in this week's case, push passing. * Know why we do a cool down and how to perform a cool down.

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  19. Gym routine

    Repetitions sets Leg Extension 25 20 2 Leg Curls 25 20 2 Lat machine 30 20 2 Pek-Dek 20 20 2 Chest Press 20 20 2 Incline press 20 20 2 Abs Machine 25 20 2 Week 2 Same as week 1 Slight increase of

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  20. Fitness tests

    Press-Ups --> Lie face down on the floor, elbows bent and hands up by the chest, elbows bent, palms facing forwards. Raise your body up by straightening the arms, keeping your body straight as a plank. Once you have reached the top of the Press Up and your arms have straightened out, hold for a second and slowly lower back down to the starting position. Repeat this for 3-5 repetitions, more if you are comfortable, making sure that you have your abdominal muscles tensed throughout the exercise.

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  21. Sports Studies-Risk Assessment : Netball

    To cool down you need to jog/walk for a few minutes to decrease the body temperature and remove waste products from the working muscles. A cool down is also essential to remove lactic acid to stop it pooling which would cause cramp. Fitness * You need to be reasonably fit to play sport, being fit can reduce the possibility of injury, if you are unfit you are automatically increasing the risk of injury. If injured you will physically be not able to play your sport, meaning your fitness will atrophy and deteriorate.

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  22. Importance of a Warm up

    The reason for this is that; a muscle or tendon group with a greater range of motion will be less likely to experience tears when used actively. Stretching also helps to improve recovery and may enhance the participant's performance. Additionally, increased flexibility of the neck, shoulders and upper back may improve respiratory function. The nervous system becomes stimulated which makes sure you more alert and aware and therefore it gets you psychologically prepared. This will help to increase your levels of motivation and determination to carry out your dance sessions.

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  23. Discuss the prevailing themes and techniques in Carol Ann Duffy's 1993 collection 'Mean Time'. Bring out your own personal response to the poem.

    The doors of the bus opened slowly just to add to the tension. It was so quite you could almost here a pin drop. Footsteps where heard, the press started hovering around the bus .The crowd on the other side of the road, were waiting for autographs. They started singing and chanting "Ruud, Ruud, Ruud". Some of the younger players got off the bus and quickly walked straight into the corridor, down to the changing rooms while they were totally focused.

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  24. Health and safety - working with computers

    Repetitive strain injury (RSI) RSI is the term used to describe several disorders affecting the neck, shoulders and upper limbs. The symptoms include aches and stiffness in arms, neck and shoulders and tingling or a loss of sensation in arms and hands. Visual fatigue (eyestrain) People who spend long hours in front of a computer screen are at risk of eyestrain caused by the glare from the screen, inadequate lighting, badly designed workstations and poor working practices. In addition, some workers do not wear the correct prescription glasses.

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  25. Personal Exercise Programme - Hockey

    Sun REST Week 2 Mon. Dynamic Stretch, Circuit training: Same stations as last week. But this time increase the time spent up to 40secs on each station. Tues. Dynamic Stretch, Farltek Training: 30 mins Same as last week but increase the intensity, work harder and try and run further in the allocated time. Wed. Dynamic Stretch, Continuous training: Increase time spent 40mins jogging at the same pace DO NOT REST. Thurs. REST Fri. Dynamic Stretch. Interval training: 60-metre sprint followed by 30 seconds easy jogging enabling your self to recover. 4 sets. Sat Dynamic Stretch.

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