Testing Assignment- Health Related Fitness

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James Parkinson

Fitness Testing Assignment

Health Related Fitness

Task 1


There are many principles of training. The basic training principles help coaches to design programmes that are specific and safe for an individual athlete. The training principles outlined below will appear to focus mostly on fitness training but the majority will also apply to technical, tactical and psychological training.

Overload- For the body’s systems to make these adaptations, they must be overloaded. Just taking part in an activity will not cause any improvements in fitness, as the body will not be stressed to a greater extent than normal. An example of this is swimming over the Summer period where swimmers swim up to 8 swims in the space of a day, these events will have swimmers training lightly as they cant afford any injuries.

Progression- the overload imposed on an athlete must be progressive. If a training programme stays at the same intensity for a whole year, adaptations will only be evident at the beginning, as after this the body will no longer be overloaded. This is shown in both football and swimming. Pre to the season, swimmers will build up there training routines till they feel they can perform with the major competitors.

Reversibility- the adaptations that take place as a result of training are all reversible. Adaptations to endurance training can be lost more quickly than it takes to achieve them while strength gains are lost more slowly. This can happen mainly in football when the season is over. Players are normally given about a month off to recuperate and get over any injuries they might have got over the long year. During this time swimmers may put weight on as a result of not doing regular exercise.

Specificity- is the least complex training principle. In order for a training programme to be effective it must be specific for the sport and position of the performer. This is specific to one position, for example in swimming. A swimmer would use cardiovascular endurance for example they are doing a 1500m race and they need to keep going throughout the race.

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Recovery- is one of the most overlooked principles of training. It is during the recovery sessions that the adaptations to training take place. Recovery sessions may not necessarily mean complete rest. Periods of lower intensity activity will allow the body to adapt without increasing the stress placed on it. In swimming these periods are excellent opportunities for work on technique and tactics.

The two sports I’m going to be using are Swimming and Football.

Swimming and Rugby both contrasts really well because with the principles of training as they both use all ...

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