Multicultural Britain

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Candidate Number: 5250

Centre Number: 47102

This coursework is about how Britain came to be a multicultural, multilingual society. From an Anglo-Saxon community, Britain has become a land where, everyday, we meet people of different faiths, races, cultures and languages. We walk into churches and see black Africans worshipping, we see mosques, temples and synagogues aplenty, where in the early 1800s these common sights would not have been considered. So, how did this vast change overcome Britain?


Q1) With reference to the period 1880 to the present day, explain why people chose to migrate to Britain.

Populations’ resettlements are not new. People are driven to relocate between countries and regions for many reasons including work, study, harsh local conditions, persecution, discrimination, and even because of a pure sense of adventure. Many migrants move from poor countries to richer ones, this creates a balance or net-migration. Immigration has been proceeding for years, but one of the issues that hindered it in the past was transport from one place to another with so much to re-locate. With modern technology, however, this problem has been solved and governments who attempt to secure their citizens physically, economically and politically, now create the hindrances.

When investigating the reasons why people choose, and chose, to migrate, one must consider the push and pull factors. Push factors are matters that force individuals from a place. They include things such as difficult living conditions, government persecution, or discrimination. Pull factors are conditions that draw people to a new place. Pull factors include good economic forecast, family members and fellow compatriots who have migrated there which promises a smooth beginning in the new place.

From 1880 most of the migration to Britain was that of the Jews from Eastern Europe, mainly Russia. Many left to escape the persecution and find an enhanced living abroad. Jews in Russia were habitually the victims of savage attacks and laws passed by the Government made it difficult for Jews to earn an income there.

There was already a thriving community of Jews in Britain since the 1700s However, after 1880 the small Anglo-Jewish community expanded magnificently due to the number of Jews migrating from Russia.

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In 1881, the assassination of Tsar Alexander II of Russia deteriorated the lives of Russian Jews. Political tensions were very high, everyone was looking for scapegoats, and fingers were pointed towards the Jews. In 1890, the Russian laws against Jews were imposed with renewed force. (See Appendix 1).

Legal massacres of the Jews were organised by the government, these were known as pogroms. The worst of these took place at Kishinev in 1903 where over 500 people were injured, 49 were killed, 700 houses were destroyed leaving 2000 families homeless.

Britain attracted these Jews with its ...

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