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GCSE: Psychology

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  1. Leaving and Arriving - Grace - The development of a piece of drama about a young girl and her mother leaving Jamaica and arriving in a racist Britain in the 1950's

    Many of us found emotional letters and artefacts showing the pain of leaving ones homeland. This key advantage helped us to explore more ways of showing our characters grief. We came across a section of an emotional letter which was produced as part of the drama planning by a member of our group. The letter belonging to one of the member's parent included their emotions and feelings about being separated from their family. This gave us an insight in to how Grace might have felt although her mother is with her.

    • Word count: 2559
  2. 2 contributions made by Freud to psychology

    The other sub-stage is 'Aggressive' where the focus becomes bitting and chewing. The anal stage lasts from around 1 year to about 3 years old. Pleasure is now attained from the anus. 'Expulsion' and 'Retention' are the two sub-stages in this stage. The child enjoys defecation in 'Expulsion' and in 'Retention' the child gains pleasure from holding the faeces. In this stage the child finds restrictions due to socially unacceptable behaviours and also finds social implications in pleasing others. The final stage is the phallic stage lasting from about 3 to 5.

    • Word count: 777
  3. Discuss the psychodynamic approach to psychology.

    This means that it is the conscious, rational part of the mind. Because of this, the Ego plays a large part in modifying the demands of the ID to be more realistic in a true to life situation. 3) The Superego. This develops at around the age of 5 and is the part of the mind that embodies an individuals sense of what is right and wrong. The Superego equates to what is more commonly known as a person's conscious. Freud also believed that there were three levels of consciousness: the conscious, the preconscious and the unconscious.

    • Word count: 915
  4. Outline and evaluate one theory of personality development based on the psychodynamic approach

    Ego works with the id. Superego was initially thought to be part of the ego. Eventually Freud saw this magnesium as being formed by the Oedipus complex into a separate function. The intensity of those conflicts in the child and the defensive action that they precipitate creates a Superego, an area that prohibits the expression of oedipal wishes. It is enforcing mechanism, with energy of its own and inhibits moral behaviour. Between these magnesium there is conflict. Id wants instant gratification; ego must satisfy reality principle and the superego. The mind is constantly in conflict.

    • Word count: 1277
  5. A Study of Freud and Jung on the Values of Religious Belief.

    In The Future of an Illusion it says that ''Impersonal forces and destinies cannot be approached; they can remain eternally remote. But if the elements have passions that rage as they do in our own souls...If everywhere in nature there beings around us of a kind that we know in our society, then we can breathe freely and can feel at home in the uncanny and can deal by physical means with our own senseless anxiety'' (Freud 1927). So, Freud states that instead of coping with the external world using reason and logic we cope using our emotional forces whose function is to repress and perhaps control what we are unable to explain.

    • Word count: 3381
  6. Theories of Human Nature

    Facing harsh truth is a cornerstone of psychoanalytic theory and treatment. Thus, the clinical goal is to enhance the accuracy of the executive agency of the mental apparatus, the ego, in its perception of itself and the world, by overcoming resistance to swallowing this bitter pill and facing the harsh animalistic (instinctual) reality. The Freudian view of human nature had tremendous consequences on each and every aspect in our psychology. We are the slaves of our instincts - Our psyche is a battlefield where unconscious drives fight among each other and with the ego, and it is almost a wonder that some accomplish mental health at all.

    • Word count: 1276
  7. Compare chapter one of "My family and other animals" with that of "Cider with Rosie" how effective do you consider these as opening chapters?

    As a child Laurie Lee looks upon everything in awe and amazement, especially his new surroundings: "The June grass, amongst which i stood, was taller than I was, and I wept. I had never been so close to grass before. It towered above me and all around me, each blade tattooed with tiger-skins of sunlight."

    • Word count: 473
  8. Autobiography - creative writing.

    It was Christmas time. My auntie and two cousins came for a holiday from Australia. It was a hilarious Christmas. The best part was waking up on Christmas morning. Ben the youngest cousin woke me up at five in the morning to say that Santa had delivered our stockings. He was so excited I thought he was going to burst. I got up and went with him to wake up his brother, Peter. We took our stockings and sat on my bed opening the treasures inside. It was brilliant we received everything we wanted. Afterwards we played with our new toys until our parents woke up.

    • Word count: 762
  9. In what way has your reading of ‘Beloved’ enhanced your understanding of what a novelist can achieve through fiction?

    The novel is based on a main focus, a character called Sethe. Through Sethes experiences we are introduced to the emotions of an ordinary black women. Through Sethes journey we witness experiences from her past that sees to haunt her in her newly found future. The past haunts her through her re-memory as Sethe and Paul D both carry the burdens of their pasts, Paul D says to Seth that they have "more yesterday then anybody. We need some kinda tomorrow" This shows that they could only hope for a better future, a future that they could call theirs.

    • Word count: 555
  10. How useful was the evidence in helping you find out about the development of Winchester Cathedral?

    The documentary evidence was useful because it would tell me when, where and why things would happen. For example: "Begun in 1079 in the Romanesque style, this Cathedral is at the heart of Alfred's Wessex and a diocese, which once stretched from London's Thames to the Channel Islands. Its bishops were men of enormous wealth and power, none more so than William of Wykeham, twice Chancellor of England, Founder of Winchester College and New College Oxford. The chantry chapels and memorials of these great prelates are a feature of the Cathedral. These influential bishops also developed, re-fashioned and adorned this great Cathedral.

    • Word count: 779
  11. Psychology Perception - While playing outside with his friends, A-Rod gets hit in the knee with a ball. Improper functioning of the visual system is the first thing that affected his perception

    A-Rod may be used to playing ball at night which changes the color of the ball and so when daytime came around, the ball itself was a foreign object to him. As day comes the ball will look more vibrant. But we know that the color is always white or black even though it may not look like so in our retina. Binocular cues are tricks we use to see depth using both your eyes during perception. Retinal disparity states that since we have two eyes, so the brain gets two images.

    • Word count: 654
  12. Separation Anxiety Disorder V.S. Separation Anxiety

    Common Cause of Separation Anxiety Disorder There are many different causes as to why this disorder can develop. The most common ones would be: Changes in environment- a new house, or school, this can lead to stress which also can cause Separation Anxiety Disorder I children, the stress of going to a new school, having to make new friends can cause a great deal of stress on a child, In some cases an over- protective parent can cause a child to become dependent on his or her parent to help make decisions or to be comforted.

    • Word count: 1044
  13. What is meant in psychology by the term attachment?

    From the 1940?s ? 1970?s it was determined that a child must have a secure mother-child relationship if the infant was not to suffer any long term problems. Bowlby did a case study on 44 Juvenile thieves and to his amazement discovered that a majority of them had suffered some sort of separation from their mothers, possibly more than 6 months or more in the first critical 5 years of their lives. This was actually proven to be of a biased nature as Bowlby did find that most of them had suffered some form of separation from their mothers and he presumed that this was the case of their delinquency.

    • Word count: 1068
  14. Structures and functions of the brain

    The frontal lobe is associated with reasoning, planning, movement, emotions, and problem solving. The frontal lobe also recognizes sarcasm and irony. It is located at the front part of the brain. The partial lobe is located at the back of the frontal lobe and on top of the temporal lobe. It associated with orientation and recognition of a perception of stimuli. The occipital lobe is located at the very back part of the brain. Its main functions are visual processing and visual integration.

    • Word count: 1095
  15. Describe and evaluate Piagets theory of cognitive development

    The first stage is the sensorimotor stage, which involves children from birth to 2 years old. As the name suggests, these children learn through their senses and actions. They also lack object permanence, so believe that if they cannot see an object then it does not exist. The following stage is the pre-operational stage. Children aged 2 to 7 years old are unable to conserve, and so cannot understand that things remain the same even when their appearance changes. These children are also egocentric, and have an inability to see things from another?s point of view.

    • Word count: 498
  16. What is hypnosis?

    Even today stage hypnotists continue to discredit hypnotism making it hard to be taken seriously as an emerging science. It is my view that the use of hypnotism for entertainment should be completely banned. Abuse allegations where hypnotism has been said to be a contributing factor still regularly appear in our newspapers fueling the public perception that the only safe hypnosis is that which is performed in a public arena in front of millions of people for entertainment. My introduction would not be complete without mentioning the impact of the church. As a practicing Christian I find it difficult to understand how people practicing the same faith as me could believe that hypnotism could be believed to be evil.

    • Word count: 2238
  17. How do we define success? Discuss with reference to the work of Alfred Adler.

    A motivating force in one's life is striving for a sense of worthiness in an effort to match the image of one's ideals, and to avoid failures and shortcomings that become the internal criteria for guilt and shame. Approaching one's ideals can bolster a sense of feeling wanted, needed, and important and can mask feelings of vulnerability. Although guilt, shame, and their accompanying vulnerability can hide beneath success, they can become conscious as a sense of fraudulence or anxiety about not truly being worthy.

    • Word count: 817

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