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GCSE: Ethics

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  1. Do you agree with Christian and Utilitarians views on fertility treatment ?

    Furthermore, humans have a right to life (natural law) and should not be used as means to an end (deontological). If the IVF process does not destroy embryos, it is permitted. Therefore Catholics would disagree with embryology as it goes against the teachings about the sanctity of life. Using embryos for research is the misuse of human or potential human life. I disagree with the Catholic view because it should be up to the husband and wife into whether they decide to use AID or surrogacy.

    • Word count: 496
  2. Kantians believe promises should always be kept even if breaking brings about benefits because if everyone starts breaking promises what is the point of making one.

    Either keep the promise and coach her friends son or not coach and save future patients lives. Certainly, the value of a promise is important but to what extent can we hold onto a promise? Promises are not meant to be broken, but if it is a life and death situation, does that promise have any value? How do promise play a part in a philosophical aspect? Kantians believe promises should always be kept even if breaking brings about benefits because if everyone starts breaking promises what is the point of making one. For example, if you promised your mom to be home at 10:00PM but you arrived fifteen minutes late because you were having too much

    • Word count: 1127
  3. Dante's Inferno

    "And whosoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire". (Revelation 20:15) The book of life is where the sins of everyone is written down and from that list of sins is how it is decided who will go to h**l. To many, like Dante one universal sin is unfair. Dante's vision of h**l involved such eternal punishments as souls tormented by biting insects, wallowing in mud, immersed in boiling blood, being lashed with whips. Lesser punishments involve having heads on backwards, chasing unreachable goals for eternity, and walking endlessly in circles.

    • Word count: 674
  4. In this essay I will talk about this question Do we need God to have morals? and what my opinion is about it and other religious views on this is. I will look at Christians, Buddhists, Atheists and Agnostics.

    Although some people do not agree with me as some religious people think that if someone else does something bad that they should do bad things to those people as they believe the ones who did bad in the first place should be punished. I think this depends on how they were bought up to believe in these things and sometimes people change the way they think the religion is suppose to be because it was just how they feel.

    • Word count: 1226
  5. There is no point in marriage when you can live together in any case

    Some couples are engaged to be married, and decide to move in together before the wedding. Sometimes they are saving money for a wedding, and decided that they'll live together in the meantime. They maybe don't want to nor can't married but still want to spend the rest of their life together. Others might disagree because getting married means you will have love, security and commitment which are some things you will not get completely if you do not get married; this can only come also from this stable relationship of marriage.

    • Word count: 578
  6. Religion and Medical Ethics

    These methods can be used if the woman does not have a partner who is fertilising. Artificial insemination by husband (AIH) is a procedure in which the husband donates his sperm. This is then frozen until the woman next ovulates, where it is then either injected slowly into the v****a of the woman, or injected into the uterus using a catheter. AIH can be used to overcome potential problems such as thickening of female mucus, premature e*********n or anatomical abnormalities.

    • Word count: 1768
  7. Free essay

    Just War Theory

    I will conduct a case study on the Iraq war, further on in this essay. If I was able to add one extra agreement to the Just War theory, I would add that violence should always be kept to a minimum. I think this because violence causes the world's most deaths in society today. This, in my opinion, is completely wrong and unacceptable as people should be able to live in a safe and free society, but this is never possible as you always have to be watching around you, as with some cases, you don't know actually who to trust.

    • Word count: 598
  8. There should be no rich people as long as there is poverty in the world. Do you agree? Christians and Muslims

    Many Christians believe that rich countries should split up their money and give to the poor countries so each country is the same, they think this would help abolish poverty because everyone would be equal and could start again. They also believe this would encourage peace amongst countries as no one will be rich and powerful because they have used their riches for good. However I and some Christians would not agree with this because people think if they are brought up in riches by a wealthy family it is their money to do what they want with the money because their family has earned it and passed it down to them.

    • Word count: 1667
  9. Christian Aid - A Charity Helping Poverty

    Therefore when ever there is a natural disaster, such as a flood, storm, earthquake or a volcanic eruption, Christian aid will respond without any delay. On the incidents as such, the type of help Christian aid provides the victims with first aid, food and water supply, antibiotics and shelter etc. Recently, the Christian aid has supplied food, water and tents to war refugees of Iraq. Also more recently Christian aid team had to raise over �320,000 for the current crisis in Ethiopia for up to 12.6million people needing food aid, wanting 1.5 million metric tonnes of food aid in 2003.

    • Word count: 2878
  10. John Proctor and Abigail

    Salem being a very religious town, it is really hard for Abigail and John Proctor to be together. John Proctor who is considered to be very handsome and dashing is in a committed relationship with Elizabeth Proctor who also happens to be his bitter-half. John & Abigail have been hiding their "alleged" affair from the town of Salem because even though John and Elizabeth are together, John "used" Abigail when he needed it most. That is a severe crime in the Salem community, not that he committed adultery but he committed it with a servant working in that house.

    • Word count: 877
  11. Cultural Diary

    We are talking in English language what is a part of the English culture. We can listen to English from all over the world, and we can listen to different dialects and accents. Sometimes even the vocabulary that the people use is different. It is amazing to talk to people with different backgrounds and hear a little about their cultures and their traditions from the countries they are coming from. In the Polish school I can meet with the people that come from the country I was born and where I lived for a long time of my life.

    • Word count: 1969
  12. Science and Religion, A1

    In genesis 1, god creates all of this with his voice, 'God said "let there be light" and there was light'. The cosmology in genesis 2 is very similar to the one in genesis 1; however, it implies that man was created early on, with everything else being created for man. Similar to genesis 1, it says that the heavens and earth were created on the first day, followed by man being created from 'the dust of the earth' on the second day, the garden of Eden along with the first trees being created on

    • Word count: 717
  13. Explain how a Hindu marriage service might guide a couple in their married life?

    The groom's family help him to make offerings of barley to the fire, and the guests and priest bless the couple with good wishes for a long happy marriage with children and grandchildren. These wedding rituals symbolises that in Hinduism, marriage is for life. The husband and wife have duties to perform towards one another, and have the support of the whole community. "Divorce is never the best way to solve problems with a marriage." Most traditional Hindus think that marriage is for life, once a couple is joined together in the wedding ceremony, they cannot be divorced, However most modern Hindus accepts that marriage does not always work, and divorce do happen.

    • Word count: 4751
  14. R.e. Coursework

    Therefore no human being has the authority to take the life of any innocent person, even if that person wants to die. In the Christian perspective, human beings are valuable because they are in God's image this genuinely means human life possesses dignity and value of life because it is created by God in his own image for the distinctive destiny of sharing in God's own life.

    • Word count: 549
  15. Self Eulogy

    We exercised every morning in 5 o'clock before we go to school. That would be almost 60 years ago. He was also an intelligent man. Throughout school, he was aiming for dentistry. As far as I know, he had to get an OP 1 to enter the dentistry course. I also wanted to be a dentist, but I gave up because I thought it was impossible to be a dentist. Peter never gave up. I went to sleep around 11 o'clock at night, but Peter wouldn't sleep in until around 12 o'clock.

    • Word count: 883
  16. Describe the teachings of the religion which you are studying about war and pacifism.

    the government, the just war theory also says that the amount of force used within the war should only be enough to win not any more and that no citizens should be killed in this and also that no cruelty or torture must be used. Christians would agree with this because it is as a last resort and it isn't the type of violence that would destroy more then necessary, an example of this is the war in Iraq some Christians would say this meets the requirements of the just war theory bas the united nations had tried various means

    • Word count: 921
  17. Explain how these teachings might influence the actions of a believer?

    Persue, kill and completely destroy them, declares the LORD. Do everything I have commanded you.' This leads many Christians to believe war is acceptable they prey for support when going to war for them and for every other troop there. However even though agreeing to war they do have rules, in 1983 the Church of England agreed that although nuclear weapons were a bad thing however they have a duty to protect there citizens from other countries with nuclear weapons.

    • Word count: 900
  18. Describe the teachings of the religion which you are studying about the relationship between humanity and the rest of creation.

    for the animals by giving man the responsibility of naming every single animal and because of this they should care for them this also gives us power- making us like God, omnipotent (all powerful), if we treat animals how we like then we are being omnipotent. However animals shouldn't be killed so that humans could eat them they should care for them and help to not make the animals extinct. In the bible under Genesis 1:27 it says people are made in the image of God, 'So God created humankind in his image in the image of God he created them male and female he created them.'

    • Word count: 999
  19. Explain Why There Is a Need For World Development

    If in a poor continent for example Africa, the percentage of people who are educated is very low. The environment which is already in a bad state will remain the same or even become worse and then the health services will suffer. It is only if the world will develop that changes will happen. Countries become less developed because of a number of different reasons. The most common reason is being hit with a natural disaster such as a flood or an earthquake.

    • Word count: 560
  20. There Should be no rich people in the world as long as there is poverty

    with no way out but I think that if rich people give away money to help them but these tools and seeds then there is a possible way out of poverty. The majority of people in developing countries earn about �100 while people in the UK earn more than this in one week and even some people earn more than this in one day. While this is being read 450 million people are starving to death and do not know here there next meal shall come from.

    • Word count: 1047
  21. "It is easier to forgive than be forgiven" Discuss.

    A Christian would also say that it is harder to receive forgiveness from someone you have wronged because you feel guilty for having done a bad action, and is therefore much easy to forgive. Some people would disagree with this statement; they would say that in fact it is harder to forgive someone than to be forgiven. If you are the person who is able to forgive someone then you may find it hard to forgive, you may be suffering as a result of a person's actions or you may be constantly reminded of what that person has done and this can make it harder to forgive.

    • Word count: 564
  22. How might a religious believer be influenced by their beliefs and teachings in their attitude towards the use of animals for entertainment

    In the Bible, in Genesis 8:22-9:17 it says "All the animals...will live in fear of you. They are all placed under your power." The fact that it says "They are all placed under your power", might influence a religious believer to think that we are allowed to control animals and we can do whatever we want with them, they would therefore think that it is alright to use animals for entertainment.

    • Word count: 554
  23. What do Christians teach about the soul and what happens to it after death?

    The soul is a spiritual, non-physical thing. Soma and psyche are separate things, the Bible teaches that in each of us humans, they are strongly connected and tied into each other, such that only death can separate them. Christianity teaches that we will be resurrected by God after we die. It does not teach that the soul goes to heaven and the body decays into nothingness. This is not what Christianity teaches but this is the idea taught by the ancient Greek philosopher Plato."It is sown a physical body, it is raised a spiritual body "This is the Christians view point made by St Paul.

    • Word count: 516
  24. Free essay

    Describe the Christian teachings about the way in which believers should treat people who are less fortunate than themselves

    So we should help but do we? The bible tells us to help those less fortunate and not to just ignore problems in society 'do not go over your vineyard a second time or pick up the grapes that have fallen, leave them for the poor and the alien' in this god is telling Christians to help the poor and the outcast from society because they are less fortunate than us and they may need help more than others. 'There will always be poor people in the land.

    • Word count: 771
  25. Ethnic Groups and Discrimination

    Most Italians that came to the United States were illiterate and unskilled causing them to work as common laborers. But by 1910 many Italians showed that they could progress upward in the types of jobs that they were able to take. Italians faced prejudice, segregation, and r****m in the United States. According to clevelandmemory.org "Italians were lynched in the South as were blacks, in some cases for permitting blacks equal status with whites in their shops."(P. 122) Even though statistics showed that Italians were responsible for a small amount of crimes and murders and that most murders committed by Italians in the United States were committed against other Italians they earned a bad reputation anyway.

    • Word count: 588

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • "Describe and evaluate Emotivism, showing knowledge of its key thinkers and critics?"

    "In conclusion, Emotivism is a theory where moral judgements are used to express our emotions. Many philosophers feel differently about why we make moral statements, and in essence a statement is not meaningful, unless it can be verified by our sense perceptions. By analysing the views and opinions of the philosophers, a sound and concise evaluation has been produced."

  • What are the main features of classical utilitarianism? Assess the strengths and weaknesses of classical utilitarianism.

    "The whole aim of utilitarianism is to produce the greatest good for the greatest number and it is true that the majority of pleasure is followed. This is a suitable conclusion in many situations but we have to consider whether this is always a good thing. W.D.Ross considered the duties he thought should be put beside happiness such as fidelity, justice, beneficence, self-improvement and nonmalificence. It is also not always beneficial to have constant majority rule as this excludes many minorities such as pressure groups like Greenpeace or previously the Suffragettes. It also excludes disabled people and could lead to eugenics as initiated by Hitler as he ethnically cleansed Germany of all Jews and other minorities. Hannah Fleming L6E 6.10.03"

  • Explain and discuss one critique of the link between religion and morality

    "In conclusion it is clear that Professor Chung has a strong argument against the link between religion and morality. He points out on more than one occasion that religious moral codes are not only impractical and often lead to immoral acts, but are self contradicting and often ignored by religious believers. Moreover he also points out that a person does not have to be religious to be moral, and therefore how can religion shape morality if some people are not religious but still moral. This clearly shows that morality comes from human nature and not religion, and therefore his argument is very effective, and in my opinion disproves the link of morality and religion."

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