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After six years, around 528 BC, he believed the practices did not lead to greater understanding into the purpose of life. He abandoned them and concentrated on meditation. This enlightenment is called a state of "Bodhi," this lead to the name: "Buddha," or "enlightened one." The Buddha emphasized that he was not a moral god or any supernatural force and that there are no messengers of a god-prophets-and that enlightenment . For the remaining 45 years of his life, he travelled the Gangetic Plain of central India (near the river Ganges), teaching his ideology of meditation practice to an immensely diverse range of people, from high ranking religious leaders to homeless beggars, even people from different religions.
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The Buddhas life of poverty was more important for his enlightenment, than his life of riches Do you agree or disagree with this statement?
Siddhartha told his chariot driver to take him outside secretly. Siddhartha went outside four times, and saw four things. On the first three trips, he saw sickness, old age and death, which his chariot driver told him no one can escape from. This was important, because it shows that even though Siddhartha was rich, he still can't escape suffering. On his fourth trip, he saw a wandering monk who had given up everything he owned to seek an end to suffering, and decide to be like him.
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A knickers, picture the earth wearing pants). � Anatta-Everybody around us changes (Anatta... anatomy, people). � Dukkha-we change, we suffer (dukkha, ducks, they suffer. ). The four Noble truths � All life contains suffering- we are never content with what we have. � The cause of our suffering are cravings � The way to stop suffering is to stop craving, � The way that we should follow to stop craving is to go through the Noble Eightfold Path. The Noble Eightfold path (three of them). � Right livelihood- earn a living that doesn't cause suffering to others.
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He was also known as Sakyamuni or Shakyamuni. He was the key figure in Buddhism. After he died accounts of his life, discourses, and monastic rules were taken into account. When he was young he was spoiled by his parents.
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"If we need to kill animals for research, we should Do you agree? Give reasons to support your answer and show you have thought about different types of view. You must refer to Buddhism to your answer
Some perceive it as cruel, as it is technically using animals for human gain. An alternative view is that it is simply necessary for medical process. There are many arguments for animal testing. The principal one is that it clears any doubt about the safety of the drug and can help save peoples lives. Charles Darwin's theory of evolution can be incorporated into Buddhism. As a Buddhist would realise everything changes and nothing stays the same. With animal testing, the testing actually can benefit the animals since it helps them become stronger by furthering their DNA.
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If the action is wrong, at least the intention is still there. With Right Intention, a Buddhist is able to intend helping the environment: thus, the motive is there. This is then carried forward through Right Action. Right Action helps guide a Buddhist and states: "do not destroy life." Some people inadvertently tread on insects or kill insects without realizing, but a buddhist must try hard not to do so. This has become such a problem, that one group of Buddhist monks refuse to wear clothes, so they have no way of killing any animals accidentally.
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The word used to explain the Buddhist teaching of dukka is 'suffering' yet the understanding of this is far beyond the limitations of the English word. Buddha describes it in his first sermon in Benares as "Birth is suffering, ageing is suffering, sickness is suffering, death is suffering, sorrow and lamentation, pain grief and despair suffering" It is seen that there is 3 types of dukka, firstly the ordinary suffering such as pain, poverty and death. Secondly, inherent suffering due to the impermanent of life, meaning humans have a desire for all objects to be permanent.
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On the day of the funeral, the body is carried by the community elders, and Bhikkus, at the place of cremation the Bhikkus chant passages from the Suttas as the coffin is being placed upon a pyre, the mourners then light a fire under it, they usually then throw incense into the flame. The Tibetan Buddhists traditionally read the Bardo Thodol to the dying to prepare them for the passage into their next life. Monks carry on saying the Bardo Thodol for 49 days after the death to help the Anatta on its way.
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and polluting our planet will result in people living on a neglected and polluted planet because of the Laws of Karma" Buddhists are also very keen to keep the environment clean and healthy as the Buddha spent most of his time out with nature and due to this they try to preserve his life as best they can. This is a quote written by Donald Swearer: "Today Buddhist environmental activists point out that important events in the Buddha's life occur in nature: he was born, attained enlightenment and died under the trees.
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Taking care of the earth, its rivers and air is included. There are many ways Buddhists might try to carry out this precept in daily life, for example they may become a vegetarian to refrain from eating meat. This precept also limits the amount of careers available to a Buddhist, as they can not have a livelihood such as a butcher. They might consider a job like a gardener, but could not work in an animal testing laboratory or become a vet.
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The degree to which the eye deteriorates is noted by the researcher, and this data is used to determine how safe the product is for humans to use. Some people do not understand that animals, like humans, are sentient beings. Animals do feel pain. There are many reasons why research on animals should not be carried out, for example an animal's response to a drug may be misleading as animals react differently to some drugs than humans do. Also the stress that an animal can endure whilst in a laboratory can affect the experiment and make the results meaningless.
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There may also be incense burning. Tibetan Buddhists use prayer wheels. Mantras are written out on paper and tucked into prayer wheels. Small prayer wheels are carried in the hand. Larger ones are fixed and people turn them with their hand as they pass, reciting a mantra. A temple is made up of a few different buildings. Firstly there is the temple itself.
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All of the precepts are really what I, as a Muslim is not allowed to do, except the first one ('to abstain from harming living beings'). The reason I have brought myself into this is because as I said before, I do most of these and I don't find any of them hard to follow so why should a Buddhist?
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It is therefore arguable that urban development was pre-condition for the growth of Buddhist monasteries. People still believed in the four casts although many people did start to take less notice of the casts due to his teachings, but there were still the poor and the rich and there was plenty of poverty and suffering and many men devoted there life to faiths mainly Buddhism due to the impact of the Buddha. The status of women was still unclear. Socially a women's was would be determined by her birth just as for men and she would marry in her class.
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Buddhists are interested in the truth about the way things are. The law of life is what the Buddha discovered at his enlightenment and what he then taught to others.
To reach Nirvana involves the development of morality, meditation and wisdom. If you see everything as Nirvana, you would have achieved the very essence of Buddhism, finding wisdom and joy in everything and dismissing negativity and suffering in your life. 'Buddha' means Enlightened One. To see all beings as Buddhas would mean that everyone would understand the truth about the way things are. Buddhists do not claim that one path is right or wrong, or use "I" or "person" to mean a permanent personality. They consider a person to be "a flow of being," subject to constant physical and psychological change, which continues through life beyond death.
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The three main aspects to their approach are: The economic life of society (Marx), the psychic development of the individual (Freud) and the transformation in the realm of culture, which is to be understood as technology, clothes etc. and the wide range of culture within society. This transformation the acknowledgment that culture and history is forever changing and does not stay still fits perfectly in with the theory of the Dialectics. The thesis, anti - thesis approach adopted by Marx but introduced by Hegel.
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Since our view of the world forms our thoughts and our actions, right view yields right thoughts and right actions. 2. Right Intention Right intention can be described best as ethical and mental self-improvement. Buddha distinguishes three types of right intentions: 1. the intention of renunciation, which means resistance to the pull of desire, 2. the intention of good will, meaning resistance to feelings of anger and aversion, and 3. the intention of harmlessness, meaning not to think or act cruelly, violently, or aggressively, and to develop compassion.
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There are many cases for the fact that the Buddha was a Shramana because he had agreements with most of them, but he also had his disagreements. Perhaps he wasn't a Shramana or in fact a member of any religious group except for his own.
The Shramana movement (A Shramana was a type of wandering freelance mendicant philosopher who taught alternative beliefs to those taught by Brahmin priests) culminated out of this unrest and is probably the group that the Buddha has most in common with. Different groups of Shramanism taught different beliefs and the Buddha was to have differing opinions with all of them; they were the Materialists, Sceptics, Jainists, Ajivikas, Hindus, Vedic Hindus and Classical Hindus. He shared some of their ideas of rebirth, the quest for peace, karma, meditation, detachment and self discipline but was critical of other beliefs that the various groups practiced.
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If we bring happiness to people, we will be happy. If we create suffering, we will experience suffering either in this life or in a future one. This is called the Law of Karma, or the Law of Cause and Effect. Karmic law will lead the spirit of the dead to be reborn, in realms which are suitable appropriate to their karmic accumulations. This would lead the person to be reborn in one of 6 realms which are; heaven, human beings, Gods, hungry ghost, animal and h**l. Buddhists believe however, none of these places are permanent and one does not remain in any place indefinitely.
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Explain how Buddhist teachings affect believer's attitudes and the environment When first looked at Buddhism seems a world-denying religion. Nirvana is outside of this world and the principles of dukkha, anicca
However in modern day society, the process to reach nirvana is much longer. And for this reason attitudes towards the world have changed so that they are more positive. It was believed that there are six destinies open to us these being, humans, animals, ghosts, gods, demons and demi-gods. These were known as gatis. In each of these gatis there were many different lives. This idea is shown in the wheel of life. It was also believed that if an animal became extinct, it was nothing to be sad about, as it was all part of samsara.
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An example of engaged Buddhism in Britain is the group called "Network of engaged Buddhists", who give help to the dying, poor and the homeless and help those in prison. This is showing respect to others. Another example of Collective Karma and Engaged Buddhism are the associations of Buddhists running their own companies. These are known as TBRL's meaning 'Team Based Right Livelihood'. The TBRL's only take money that is needed to on the Buddha's teaching in the noble eightfold path on Right livelihood.
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He saw a grieving family carrying a corpse. He thought about all he had seen. He thought about how much suffering was brought on by death, sickness and old age. He went out once more but this time he saw something which inspired him. He saw a holy man at peace with everyone and everything around him. That night Siddhartha left his wife, his son, his palace and all its luxury and went off to find the answers to why people get sick, get old, die, and why people suffer.
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Some would say that Buddhism is a religion because that's how everyone recognises it and it has many features of a religion, such as the guidelines the Buddha set out, and the rites of passage that monks undergo, such as their ordainment, however not every Buddhist has to become an ordained monk so it is not exactly a rite of passage. However some say that the Buddha is a sort of leader to Buddhists as they follow the guidelines he set out and they have shrines to him and stupa's over his relics, to some people this is considered to be worship, a shrine is there to worship the person, in this case the Buddha.
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So the Buddha can be worshipped as a God because he is eternal and comes down to earth. On the other hand Hinayana Buddhists think that The Buddha was a Human instead of a God because they think The Buddha was simply a man who found a way to Nirvana. I think that The Buddha is an ordinary person because he has many human-like characteristics such as looking like a person, being born like a person, living like a person besides if he was a God he would have already known about old-aged people, diseased people and dead people.
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Why do Buddhist monks and nuns wear a yellow robe? When the Buddhist followers looked into the jungle they could always tell which leaves were about to drop from the tree, because they were either yellow, orange or brown. In India, yellow became the colour of meditations. Monks and nuns robes are yellow so they can act as a constant reminder of the importance of clinging on, of not letting go, of not giving up the search for enlightenment. like a tree and a leaf, the leaf always tries to cling on but the wind pushes it of but if the leaf is strong then it wont fall of.
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