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GCSE: Hinduism

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  1. R.S. Assessment - Comparing Hindu and Christian weddings

    The priest then prepares the sacred fire, which the couple face. A mark of coloured powder is put on their foreheads as a sign of their taking part in the ceremony. Offerings are prepared for the deities and the priest asks them to bless the wedding. The bride may wear a red dot know as a tilak sign of her being married. The couple repeat prayers and blessings recited by the priest and a sprinkling of a mixture of ghlee and grains into the flames of the sacred fire. They walk around the fire the seven steps took represents: Food, Energy, Wealth, Happiness, Children, Seasons and Friendship.

    • Word count: 546
  2. Being brought up in hinduism

    Flowers, scented oils and perfumes may be offered to the mother and she is given the tastiest of foods. The birth of the baby in the Hindu religion is a very happy occasion, but there are a lot of ceremonies which take place in a short space of time. These include the symbolic washing of the baby where a priest sprinkles water on the baby and the mother as well as chanting prayers for strength and safety. When the father holds the baby for the first time, he places a gold ornament or ring in a mixture of ghee and honey and places it on the lips of the baby.

    • Word count: 800
  3. Hindu marriage ceremony

    Rama and Sita - Vishnu came to earth in the form of Rama - Rama was sent to defeat the demons that were scaring and terrorising the people - Son of King Dasharatha - second wife was given 3 wishes. They were used to ensure Bharatha became King and Rama was sent into exile in the forest - Sita, his wife remained faithful and stayed with him.

    • Word count: 566
  4. Ten Commandments

    You shall not misuse the name of the Lord your God. 4. You shall remember and keep the Sabbath day holy. 5. Respect your father and mother. 6. You must not kill. 7. You must not commit adultery. 8. You must not steal. 9. You must not give false evidence against your neighbour. 10. You must not be envious of your neighbour's goods. You shall not be envious of his house nor his wife, nor anything that belongs to your neighbour.

    • Word count: 628
  5. Explain how believing that Vedas and Upanishads are holy books might affect the lives of Hindus

    This does not mean that Christian's think it is right for people to commit suicide, but means that they are forgiving and try to help them. On the other hand, Christians believe that it is immoral to commit suicide as God chooses when we die, it is selfish as relatives and friends will be hurt, suicide is killing yourself, which is against the will of God; 'You shall not kill,' and because God lives in each person; 'you are the temple of God.'

    • Word count: 532
  6. What are the Beliefs of Hinduism about equality?

    In the Bhagavad Gita it sayd that ; I look upon creatures equally' (Bhagavad Gita 9.29). this means that it doesn't matter if it is a insect, animal or a human you can always be treated equally. Hindu's believe that everyone share a link. Hindu's believe that it wrong to be prejudiced against someone else because of there background. The first leader for stopping r****m is Mahatma Gandhi. He wanted to fight the untouchables. He wanted to stop violence. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born into a merchant family in india 2 october 1869. In 1893 he was deeply troubles be the r****m he experienced against indians.

    • Word count: 891
  7. The Nature of Belief

    The uses of music and art are traditional forms of Hindu devotion. Carvings of gods (Bhagvan) decorate most Hindu temples. The most important symbol in Hinduism is the "Aum" symbol which has many meanings. One meaning is that it is the universal sound. The outside of a Hindu temple would normally have carvings of mythological themes, legendary subjects, mythical animals, and many others to take one away from dullness. Some Hindu temples which have many of these carvings are the Kandariya temple, Minakshi temple and Mahabodhi temple in India. In Hinduism a temple is known as a "Mandir".

    • Word count: 804
  8. hinduism: ahimsa

    For example, we're constantly killing millions of bacteria and germs per second. A life with no fear, no pain, and no harassment is what most people hope for. Once again, I don't believe there's a solution for all the conflicts in the world to stop so that we can live in absolute peace. But I do believe that less fear, less pain, and less harassment can be achieved through having faith in ahimsa and applying it in our everyday lives. If we can just take the first step towards our idolized world by watching what we say and do, it's a much better decision than waiting around for an answer to 'world peace' that might not ever come.

    • Word count: 923
  9. The Macabean Revolt

    After a while Antiochus got fed up and thought that this reason was not a good enough reason. He then started to think that he himself was a god but the Jews thought that this was a crazy idea and would not hear anything of it. They refused to bow down to him as it was against their religion, and when he started calling himself 'Epiphanes' (the shining one) they had a play on words and called him using a Latin word meaning 'mad man'. As Antiochus was so outraged that the Jews would not worship him he banned any type of Jewish worship.

    • Word count: 530
  10. Shinto - An Ancient Religion

    In the early Nara period (710 AD to 784 AD), the Kojiki and the Nihon Shoki were written, which meant Japanese mythology was kept in records by gathering well-known fables and legends. The Kojiki, in greater detail, is a text which explains the creation of all the kami. The Nihon Shoki, like the Kojiki, begins with mythological tales, but extends into the modern events of the Shinto religion. The picture on the right shows an updated version of the Kojiki.

    • Word count: 564
  11. Cities and Myths of Ancient West Asia

    The Eanna precinct was dedicated to Inanna. A ziqqurat was constructed under the command of King Ur Nammu (2112-2095 B.C.E). "To serve as an elevated platform for a temple to Inanna" (p.6 Primacy Source) Amid the rubble of temples in the Eanna precinct found ""Warka Vase," an " alabaster cult vessel 39 inches high with a scene of priest- king making on offering to the goddess Inanna , which symbolizes the religious roles that were produced in the Mesopotamian city of Uruk. Uruk was renowned for its wall, which cuneiform texts say were first built years ago by king Gilgamesh.

    • Word count: 939
  12. What factors did an architect have to consider when designing a temple?

    I'm going to focus on two specific sanctuaries in Greece. These will be the Sanctuary of Delphi and the Sanctuary of Olympia. These sanctuaries have very different characteristics in the sense that the ground on which they stand is quite diverse. The Sanctuary if Delphi is a pan-Hellenic temple meaning it is important to the whole of Greece. It contains several vital buildings which are very special to the Greek people. These buildings include the Treasury of Sikion, the Treasury of the Syphnians, the Treasury of the Athenians, the Stoa of the Athenians and most importantly, the great Temple of Apollo which also housed the Pythia.

    • Word count: 729

    the religions. This paper by citing episodes of fundamentalism in leading religions substantiates the theseis that fundamentalism is not specific to any particular religion. Beginning with Judaism, the bombing of Hotel King David in July 1946 is an incident that starkly explifies the Jewish Fundamentalism. The British entered the premises of the Jewish Agency and took away with them a large number of sensitive documents. These documents were kept at the King David Hotel for intelligence analysis. For vengeance and as a way of destroying these documents, Irgun Tsvai-Leumi, a Jewish fundamentalist group decided to target the hotel1.

    • Word count: 915
  14. Body Ritual Among the Nacirema

    Each family has at least on such shrine; the rituals associated with it are not family ceremonies but are private and secret. The rites are normally only discussed with children, and then only during the period when they are being initiated into these mysteries. The focal point of the shrine is a box or chest which is built into the wall. Many charms and magical potions without which no native believes he could live. These preparations are secured from a variety of specialized practitioners.

    • Word count: 715
  15. Explain the significance of cow protection and vegetarianism in Hinduism.

    The cow's milk is extremely useful in all countries (Even the rich). Its dung provides fuel, heat, and light. Even the cow's urine is extremely important as it has certain medicinal properties that can help many aspects of one's health. The most sacred animal to Hindus is the cow; one of the reasons is because the bull is a vahana (vehicle) for one of the three most important deities, Shiva. Due to the cow's significance in Hinduism, they were once sacrificed at temples in the Vedic period. Today Cows should be protected and given sacredness, because they have a strong connection wit the Gods.

    • Word count: 857
  16. Cow protection and vegetarianism.

    Nowadays one could say the cow is like a domestic animal in India. They are permitted to roam freely around the streets and they are cared for in temples. A westerner would never think of eating his dog or cat, so a Hindu would never dream of eating a cow. In villages in India, the cow nurtures and sustains life. Its milk provides essential food; its manure provides fuel, heat and light in the home. The cow's urine is alleged to have special healing properties and is available as a cream or liquid.

    • Word count: 800
  17. My Autobiography.

    He told me about the poverty and the state of living conditions but this wasn't what struck me. It was the ludicrous dispute of society combating for the territory, political views and race. I didn't understand the quarrels my granddad was explaining to me due to my immatureness, age and lack of knowledge however at present the point is reasonably apparent. To elaborate and show my feelings for this issue I will advance to tell you some facts and also the acts that are happening since the time of my great grandfather, 1847.

    • Word count: 953
  18. Describe the main features of a specific place of Hindu worship

    The shikhara on top of the dome points into the sky, like pointing towards moksha. Once you get in the gate, there is a very long staircase with steps going up to the main building. This is for the same reason, it is ascending to moksha. When you reach the top, there is a shrine on your right hand side. Inside the shrine is Hanuman, the king of monkeys and all animals. He is there to protect the temple. On your left, there is a shoe rack for you to put our shoes in because before going in the temple, you have to take off your shoes.

    • Word count: 654
  19. Analyse and explain the role and function of the leaders in the Mandir

    At night, the image will be brought back to the bedroom. Everyday, the priest will sound a conch shell to mark the start of the day. There are five daily obligations that he must follow: Firstly, he must worship Brahman everyday. This could be done directly or through other Gods. Secondly, he will have to give reverence to saints and holy men by reading the Vedas, usually consisting of the Gayatri Mantra, which is one of the most popular of Hindu prayers from the Upanishads and is chanted at all ceremonies.

    • Word count: 534
  20. Describe a Hindu marriage service.

    In a Hindu marriage 1st of all, the entire bridegroom and his family are welcomed at the bride's house. The families introduce one another and the bridegroom is brought to a specially decorated alter called a Mandap, offered a seat and a welcoming drink, a mixture of milk, ghee, yoghurt and honey. The next step is songs of blessing. The bride and groom stand facing one another. The priest and an assistance holds a silk clothe between the couple to form a curtain between them. Then the couple are showered with rice grains. After this has happened the daughter is given in marriage by her father to the groom, who puts his daughter's right hand into the hand of her husbands.

    • Word count: 997
  21. Analyze and Explain the Role and Function of the leaders in the Mandir

    As a real person, the deity must eat, sleep, change clothes and wash. The murti cannot do this, so the priest must do all of this for the murti. Every morning the priest will put fresh, nice clothes on the deity, and decorate the murtis and its shrine with fresh garlands of flowers. He will also wash the statue of the God with a bit of water, and then he will perform morning puja. The priest will also set resting times for the deity throughout the day, not allowing people in to worship at certain times of the day.

    • Word count: 699
  22. Describe the main features of a specific place of Hindu worship

    This represents purification and enlightenment. As we entered the gate, we found a flight of stairs leading up the temple. This is symbolic of our status as compared to God- as God is above us, we must travel up to Him. This is a symbol of God's power and authority over us. When we reached the top of the stairs we saw that there was a small shrine dedicated to Hanuman. The builders of this temple chose Hanuman to be the guardian of this temple, because unlike other temples this mandir is dedicated to not only on aspect of Brahman, but three.

    • Word count: 968
  23. Analyse and Explain the role and function of Mandir in the local Hindu community.

    Darshan is a good way of gaining karma. The temple is a beautiful lotus flower in a spiritually polluted world of illusion- it is an escape for worshippers. In Hong Kong, it is an escape from technology and constant business. Worshippers can come here and relax, be at ease with the little nature in Hong Kong's busy culture. The quietness also makes it easier for meditation, another way of earning good karma. The Hong Kong Temple is so peaceful it is not only a place for worship, but also a place that is simply nice to be.

    • Word count: 852
  24. Architecture and decoration of the Parthenon.

    On the east side there is a child handing a folded cloth to an older man, on one side of them the gods are present and seated, on the other side two girls are holding something. Most scholars believe that it represents the Panathenaic procession however some think that it shows the procession which took place at the same period as the temple was built and that it shows the over confident Athenians who dared to put themselves where ordinarily only the gods and heroes might be found.

    • Word count: 692

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • To what extent were the builders of the Erechtheion successful in solving the problems caused by the site and position of the temple?

    "conclusion, whether the builders of the Erechtheion were successful in solving the problems caused by the site and the position. In order to do this, I will be using evidence such as illustrations, ground plans and different viewpoints of the Erechtheion. I will analysis the Erechtheion through the individual elevations. A comparison of the Erechtheion and a regular hexastyle temple will be an imperative feature when dealing with the abnormalities and potential problems of the Erechtheion. Throughout this essay"

  • Compare and contrast the iconography and mythology of at least two major Hindu deities.

    "With many people being unable to read during and around the Puranic period, the iconography became of vast importance. People relied on the pictures to tell them the stories of the gods and that is a large reason why each aspect of the icon represents something different, to tell the story of the god. For example, Vishnu's lotus he holds symbolises his purity and the fire Shiva encircles is representing the life cycle of the universe. However, this essay does not attempt to deny the importance of the scriptures, as without them, the pictures are merely pictures and not visions of spirituality. In conclusion, although this essay has looked at Vishnu and Shiva individually as separate deities, the focus must be left on them as one, for that is what they are, existing only with each other. The cycle of the universe relies on all of them, Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva, to continue for if one were to disappear, the chain of the creation, destruction and recreation of the world would be broken. "Germination creates the tree, destroys the seed and preserves the species; the joiner creates the table, destroys the tree and preserves the wood" (Larousse, 1965:211). 1"

  • To what extent were propaganda and national pride as important as religion in the design, construction and decoration of the Parthenon?

    "Conclusion I think that the answer to the title is slightly ambiguous. I believe that Pericles wanted to see his fair city become a shining monument to the people and win favour as a politician. But I think that it could be seen as cynicism of the people today that people of ancient Greece could be so dedicated to religion and chose to spend a great deal of money on so huge a project. Perhaps they wanted to show their piety and appreciation to the gods that after so many violent wars, their city was still here. So to conclude, I believe that national pride was hugely important in the building of the Parthenon, and although it seems that religion took a lower priority, it may have been just as important as national pride in the building of the Parthenon."

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