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GCSE: Hajj

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  1. Analyse how one personal devotion expresses the beliefs of Islam. he Hajj is an Islamic religious ritual which incorporates and expresses the beliefs of Islam through the various stages of the pilgrimage.

    During the pilgrimage of the Hajj, it is the expected that all male Muslims wear white clothing and female Muslims wear simple clothing as it unites all Muslims together regardless of colour, race, and language with faith being the superior bond. The belief in the one and only Lord, the creator of all things who sustains and maintains creation is the first of the six pillars of faith. Through believing in this Muslims must single out Allah as the object of all worship and can demonstrate this through either physical or spiritual aspects.

    • Word count: 1177
  2. RE coursework HAJJ

    Muslims believe it was first built by Adam and later rebuilt by the Prophet Ibrahim and his son Isma'il. It is covered in a black silk and cotton cloth with the words of the Qur'an embroidered upon it. Inside, the Ka'bah is unfurnished. Ordinary pilgrims do not enter it. In one corner of the Ka'bah is the Black Stone. This is supposed to have been given to Ibrahim's son, Isma'il by the Angel Gabriel. The Qur'an wishes every Muslim to make the journey at least once in their life, but if this isn't possible, e.g.

    • Word count: 2149
  3. Select, describe and explain those rituals of Hajj which will be of spiritual value to the pilgrim

    The two maps above show the main stages of Hajj, and some of these stages will be described in the following paragraphs. ''And proclaim the Pilgrimage among men: They will come to thee on foot and on every lean camel through deep and distant mountain ravines. That they may witness the benefits provided by them." Qur'an 22:27-28 Upon the arrival at Makkah, the holy city, Muslims enter a sacred state dedication known as the ihram. The ihram is also shown through the dress of the pilgrims.

    • Word count: 936
  4. Explain and anylayze Hajj and Makkah

    He is bare-headed, and one tries to forget one's self during the several days of the Hajj. He goes to 'Arafat, in the suburbs of Mecca, to pass there the day in meditation. Towards evening, he returns, passes the night at Muzdalifah, and early next morning arrives in Mina which is on the outskirts of Mecca. There he passes three days, during which he lapidates Satan every morning, sacrifices a goat, pays a short visit to Ka'bah for performing the ritual sevenfold circumambulation and running between the hills of Safa and Marwah in front of the Ka'bah.

    • Word count: 2905
  5. Describe what happens when a Muslim participates on Hajj

    The only stitched item that is not prohibited is a money belt if needed. Also, soap or other scented items, and I they are intentionally rubbed on the cloth, or the cloth is fouled by 'najas' (dirty) material, i.e. excrement, it must be exchanged or another, for fear of the Hajj being invalidated. As part of these preparations, all pilgrims are expected to ready themselves for the limitations that are opposed on them during Hajj, for example, they must not shave, cut nails, or engage in any s****l activity.

    • Word count: 1158
  6. What is Hajj? and what does it involve?

    The Ka'aba is a large, black granite stone structure set on a marble base. The four corners point North, East, South and West. ; I got this picture of the BBC website. This week-long event occurs two months and ten days after Ramadan ends, during the Islamic month of Dhul Hijjah, and its culmination is a holiday known as Eid ul-Adha. The Hajj consists of several ceremonies, meant to symbolize the essential concepts of the Islamic faith, and to commemorate the trials of Prophet Abraham and his family. Over two million Muslims perform the pilgrimage annually, and the rest of the over one billion Muslims world-wide celebrate the Eid holiday in conjunction with the Hajj.

    • Word count: 1132
  7. Free essay

    Describe and explain why a Muslim would take part in the Hajj and what this involves

    Muslims all over the world travel to Mecca to perform Hajj, regardless of nationality, background, skin colour or wealth. It is difficult to explain exactly what the Hajj means to those who take part, but for most Muslims it will be a once in a lifetime experience which they will find very moving and unforgettable. There are many different stages Muslims must perform in Hajj. Before they reach Mecca men must change into two pieces of white cloth that covers their upper and lower bodies, called 'ihram'. Women wear clothes which cover all their bodies, excluding their hands and faces.

    • Word count: 796
  8. Hajj Coursework

    This links with the history of Hajj, because it is believed that Adam and Eve, after their fall, went to the plain of Arafat where they prayed for forgiveness from God. The place where they are believed to have prayed is now known as the 'mount of mercy'. Other reasons for the Pilgimage are to seek help with matters such as death or illness, and to seek protection from temptation and sins. a)ii) and b)i) Hajj begins the evening before the first day when the Hajji must take a bath to symbolize their entrance into the state of Ihram start wearing their Ihram dress.

    • Word count: 2975
  9. Free essay

    Muslim fifth pillar

    Muslims prepare for Hajj by entering the state of Ihram. This is where pilgrims wash and get into a concentrating mood therefore focusing only on worship and Allah. They do this by performing Wudu the sacred wash and after that they dress in similar clothes, for the males they wear two white sheets and for the women they wear a white garment. After this the pilgrims have to rush to the Masjid-al-Haram, which is the most important mosque in the world. They go to the great Ka'bah and walk or try to run round it seven times.

    • Word count: 770
  10. Religion, wealth + Poverty

    Work- work can give us identity, security and the means to meet many of our other basic needs. In the world today, there are developed countries like Britain and Japan, developing countries like Brazil and Malaysia and less economically developed countries (LEDCs) like Bangladesh and Mali where people regularly starve to death. If there is to be a fair world, then the economically developed countries need greater help from the developed countries. It is also in the interests of developed countries to help the LEDCs because they need new markets for their goods and they need products like cotton, tea and coffee from the LEDCs.

    • Word count: 3586
  11. The Hajj

    Muhammad encouraged the continuation of many of the old practices, but purified them by restoring what he believed to be their true meaning, in the worship of one god (monotheism). By doing this Muslims are said to be following the example (Sunnah) of Muhammad who performed these rituals all of those years ago. The Hajj is also important to them because the pilgrimage is commanded in the Holy Qur'an. "Perform the pilgrimage and the visit to Mecca for Allah. (Qur'an 2:196)

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  12. Explain the significance of Hajj.

    Seeking forgiveness and making certain their family can survive without them. Although, these tasks should be completed whether or not a Muslim goes on Hajj but will give those who have lacked the motivation and not done it an incentive. Moreover, pilgrims will leave most of their possessions, wealth and jobs at home and this reminds the pilgrims of Ibrahim's sacrifices and means they can focus more on worship. Before, entering the area of Haram and performing Umrah and Hajj, the pilgrim will put on the Ihram which means the pilgrim has entered a state of spiritual purity.

    • Word count: 2296
  13. Describe what happens when a Muslim participates on Hajj.

    The pilgrim must be mature enough and knowledgeable enough to understand fully the significance of Hajj. Therefore, many pilgrims undertake Hajj lessons and buy or borrow books to prepare mentally and spiritually for hajj by learning about the pilgrimage, conditions to perform Hajj correctly and learn various supplications. The pilgrim must be able pay for all the expenses of Hajj but also provide for any dependents until their return and the money must be from Halal (legitimate) sources. Moreover, the Muslim community raise money for those who cannot go on Hajj without their financial aid. The pilgrim should also make a last will and testimony in case they die during Hajj.

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  14. Describe why a Muslim might take part in Hajj and what this involves?

    The final thing they must do before the journey is preparing, not just for the journey but also mentally. It is important that they are very knowledgeable about Hajj so they are in a fit state to meet Allah. Muslims might go on Hajj to be forgiven or to 'cleanse and purify themselves not just physically but mentally' When pilgrims arrive in Makkah they have to wear a set of clothing called Ihram. They wear a long white draped dress. Men wear two pieces of clothing, this is also used to burry them when they die. One piece is wrapped around the hip and the other is wrapped over the right shoulder, showing the right shoulder and this is called Ihram.

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  15. Difficulties During Hajj

    In 2003, over 35 people died by crushing during this ritual. Secondly, the cost of the journey is incredibly expensive; including clothes and flights it can come to between �1500 and �2000. Many people save up for years until they can afford it, and often families join together to pay for just one person to go. This has proven to be a costly sum for many Muslims, thus preventing them from making the journey, however, as Allah knows that they have the intention to; he doesn't see it as a lack of faith.

    • Word count: 644
  16. Hajj GCSE

    Secondly a Muslim must be debt free and must have earned or made their money honestly. Finally Hajj is a tough and physical challenge so the Muslims must be fit, healthy and be able to manage the physical demands of the pilgrimage. Hajj consists of many activities, these are: Tawaf, circling the Kabah seven times. Saiy, running between mount Asafa and Almarwa seven times. Arafat, standing from noon till dusk on a Dhul Hijjah. Mina, making a sacrifice and stoning the devil, this is done on the 10th Dhul Hijjah.

    • Word count: 1593
  17. Pilgrimage R.E. coursework

    Pilgrimage was long and very dangerous - not at all like a holiday! It may have taken many years. The pilgrims would usually travel in groups, and stay in monasteries or inns overnight. The golden era of pilgrimages was, unsurprisingly, the Middle-Ages. Rome, Cologne, Santiago Compostela, Canterbury and Walsingham are but a few of the places which were not only key places of pilgrimage, but also cultural and economic centres. During the Reformation many pilgrimage centres were destroyed, yet the idea of pilgrimage remained strong in the minds of many Christians. In Chartres Cathedral a labyrinth is detailed on the floor, on which people would make an inner journey; a pilgrimage without an arduous physical journey.

    • Word count: 1554
  18. y Sanamdeep Aujla Explain how taking part in the activities you have chosen would affect a christian in their day to day life. How do christians differ in their attitudes towards pilgrimage.

    Some sites of pilgrimage, such as Lourdes in France, have a history for healing. The 'Holy Water' is said to bring healing to all those who bath in it, whether it be emotional or physical. On a daily basis, people would go to a mass to hear the word of their God and see many of the attraction of Lourdes. People are said to come back with better emotional experience and creates more awareness in the person's faith. A sick person should leave Lourdes with a feeling of peace and strength from God. People who bath at Lourdes have experienced religious healings rather than just physical illnesses.

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  19. "Hajj is really a journey within". Do you agree or disagree?

    As the physical attributes of the journey leaves reminders upon the pilgrim's body, such as scars, bruises and aching muscles; it is incredibly rare that someone could not find the events challenging. Another view that should be stated is the fact that we are both body and soul; therefore as humans, a true pilgrimage is a journey within and without. This is a strong statement as it is a simple fact, yet very effective and straight to the point, implying that a true pilgrimage is not just a journey within.

    • Word count: 684
  20. Fasting is the act of willingly abstaining from some or all food and in some cases drink, for a period of time

    For example David Blaine fasted for 44 days, drinking only water. In fact, the illusionist believed that he experienced a higher spiritual state and that living without food and human contact will lead to "the purest state you can be in". Fasting can also be linked to religious practices. For example the period of time called Lent. This is where Christians give up a certain food or drink for 40 days. The forty day period is symbolic of the forty days spent by Jesus in the wilderness. Another example is when Buddhist monks and nuns following the Vinaya rules commonly do not eat each day after the noon meal, though many orders today do not enforce this.

    • Word count: 1621
  21. What are the difficulties of living in Britain if you are of the Muslim faith?

    They represent the branch of Islam that came through the caliphate, which started with Abu Bakr. Shi'a Islam, also Shi'ite Islam, or Shi'ism (Arabic: ????, Persian:???? translit: Shi'ah) is a denomination of the Islamic faith. It is short for Shi'at 'Ali (Arabic: ???????? ?, or "the party of 'Ali"). Even though it is the second largest denomination of Islam, among the hundreds of millions of Muslims Shi'a Muslims are considered to be a minority in number. Shi'a Muslims adhere to what they consider to be the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad and the religious guidance of his family whom they refer to as the Ahlul Bayt.

    • Word count: 1087
  22. Describe why a Muslim would want to go on The Hajj?

    Being together all for the same purpose 'a common bond of devout servitude to Allah' unites the Muslims and reinforces that sense and bond of brotherhood and making them aware of their link to the Ummah. This is particularly important for Muslims living in a non-Muslim country, as they may feel more united to other fellow Muslims. This pilgrimage renews their faith in Allah and makes them feel more connected to him than ever before. Pilgrims express their devotion to Allah by going on the Hajj as they have to undergo various tasks that demand control and determination.

    • Word count: 1243
  23. Ramadan: "Describe what happens at the fast of Ramadan"

    So anyone of you who witnesses the month should spend it in fasting..."2 It is the month of fasting (not eating or drinking) between the hours of sunrise and sunset. Muslims must also refrain from having s****l relations and thinking or committing evil thoughts/deeds (such as envy, stealing, rivalry and lying) throughout this time. "If you do not give up telling lies, Allah will have no need of your giving up food and drink."3 Nothing must enter the mouth (including chewing gum and cigarettes)

    • Word count: 1031

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