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Before entering Makkah Muslims have to perform certain things. They have to make sure their wearing ihram. Wearing ihram symbolises 3 things: > Equality > Self-sacrifice > Single-mindedness Once in Makkah to show their love and affection for god they circle the Ka'bah several times. This process is known as the Tawaf. Whilst doing this if the pilgrims can get close enough to the Black Stone they will kiss it or touch it. Once this is finished they perform another process called the Sa'i this is the process where pilgrims run or walk between mount Safa and Marwa.
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In his audience that Sunday afternoon were some of Britain's most radical Muslims. Even so, Smith and a team of fellow Christians conduct weekly debates at Britain's famous outdoor debating location called Speaker's Corner. For more than a century, Speaker's Corner in Central London has been what the guidebooks call a 'symbol of free speech'. On any given Sunday, anyone who has an opinion to air and anyone who will listen can gather beside the lush green grass of Hyde Park.
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Ihram is a seamless white garment, which the Muslims put on at certain places around the city called 'Miqat.' Men wear 2 white sheets, one around the waist and one over the left shoulder. Women wear long-sleeved ankle length garments, they are allowed to leave their faces uncovered. Because all Muslims must perform Hajj at sometime in their lives Muslims come from all over the world and the sacred mosque in Makkah 'Haram Sharif' has been enlarged so pilgrims can pray on4 floor, but still there is not enough room for all the Muslims who go on the hajj!
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The second statement says that Muhammad is God's messenger. Salah- Muslims are required to pray five times a day, just before dawn, at midday, in midafternoon, just after sunset, and at night. Salah is the most important demonstration of a Muslim's devotion to God. Many Muslims use prayer mats to ensure that the spot upon which they are praying is clean. The salat consists of reciting certain phrases and passages from the Quran in combination with special bodily movements. These movements are called Rakah and they include standing upright, bowing, sitting, and prostrating.
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There are many different approaches to Christian pilgrimage. I'm going to focus on two differing approaches. The reflective, quiet, penitential approach, I will discuss the activities at Lough Derg to explain this type of approach and the communal, joyful, praising approach, I will discuss the activities at Lourdes to explain this type of pilgrimage. Off the coast of Southern Ireland is an island called Lough Derg. It is also called St. Patrick's Purgatory because the pilgrimage takes place on the island where St.
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'O believers, you must fast so that you may learn self-restraint. Fasting is prescribed for you during a fixed number of days.
One should try to curtail one's worldly pastimes as much as possible during Ramadan, and to be particularly inclined towards charity and alms giving. Human life is dependent on food and drink and the continuation of the human race depends on the marital relationship. While fasting one refrains from them both, as if bearing witness to God that for His pleasure man gives up the factors (temporarily) upon which his very existence depends. The various other benefits of fasting are that man gets to exercise sacrificing physical comfort and to endure hunger and thirst.
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The second pillar is Salah, this means you must pray five times a day. The third pillar is Zakah, this means the giving of money to the poor. The fourth pillar is Sawm, this means fasting in the month of Ramadan. The fifth pillar is Hajj, this means making the pilgrimage to Makkah, at least once in a life time, if physically and financially possible. Muslims believe that we are all one family. There are no 'chosen races'. Whatever their colour, all people are equal and belong to God. The word Ummah describes this feeling of awareness, love and respect for others.
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This devotion may not be obtained unless the rituals of Hajj are observed and performed properly. Some rituals of Hajj have extreme significant spiritual value to the pilgrim when completed. The rituals begin as soon as the pilgrim enters Mecca. When a Muslim makes his trip to Mecca to complete Hajj he devotes his whole time, mind, soul and living to God. At the time of Hajj pilgrims must wear Ihram. Ihram is two sheets of unsewn white cloth for men and for a woman her usual clothes. A very simple dress but it must be worn in place of the male's normal clothes.
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The first stage of The Hajj is at the Ka'ba; it stands in the courtyard of the great mosque. Muslims walk around this at a very fast pace seven times, anticlockwise, this symbolises love for God and is called Tawaf. The belief is that Adam was sent down from heaven and he walked until he got to Arabia, where god let down the Ka'ba for him to pray, The Ka'ba is now known as the house of God. There is also a black stone in the Southeast corner of the courtyard, which pilgrims try to touch or kiss this also shows love for God.
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It is the wish of every devout Muslim to perform the Hajj. Many other religions have pilgrimages i.e. Christianity-via dolorosa in Jerusalem. So why is the Hajj special or different from any other religions pilgrimage? As well as being a obligation on every Muslim with sufficient means to travel it is in the interest of the Muslim to go. Hajj brings about a wider sense of community and brotherhood between all Muslims if a Muslim goes not at Dhul-Hijjah but at any other time it is considered not as important. The prophet Muhammad.
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What is involved in pilgrimage? Illustrate the differing approaches to pilgrimage by referring to 2 or more places of pilgrimage.
One of the main places of Christian pilgrimage is Lourdes. In February 1858, Bernadette Soubirous, the sickly daughter of a poor miller was collecting fire wood with her sister and a friend near a cave called Massabielle, on the outskirts Lourdes, which was then a small unknown French Pyrenean town. Bernadette's sister and her friend crossed the nearby stream to pick up more wood, but Bernadette stayed on the side of the grotto, afraid she may catch a chill from crossing through the cold water. While the others were gone, Bernadette prayed the Rosary and saw the first of 18 apparitions of Mary, Christ's mother.
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The Ka'ba symbolizes God's House and his nearness. The Black stone embedded in one of its four corners symbolizes God's right hand, the kissing of which symbolizes one's pledge of faith to one's King and to his Law on earth. The sevenfold anti-clockwise circumambulation of the Ka`ba represents the human hearts to be in motion and close of their spiritual center. Drinking the unforgettable, delicious spring water from the well of Zamzam gives a foretaste of the pure waters of Paradise.
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What is involved in pilgrimage? Illustrate the differing approaches to pilgrimage by referring to two or more places of pilgrimage.
For example, at Easter Lourdes is mainly for the HCPT which are disabled children from all around the world. Lourdes has become very built up and there are thousands of helpers there to look after and care for the sick. These include doctors, nurses, maids etc. People who go to Lourdes always seem to want to go back, it is a very good experience and gives you a lot of time to reflect, pray and worship. At Lourdes there are many activities to do. You can go and pray at the Grotto which is where Mary appeared to Bernadette.
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When these pilgrims start this scared journey, they always feel that they have countless of sins but at the end of the pilgrimage, they come to feel that their hearts have been washed and are now as pure as snow. They go back home with no feelings of guilt retained in them. In other words they have a feeling that their sins have been forgiven. They sometimes come from different places and from different social backgrounds but at the course of the journey, they come together and unite as one big family.
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I am going to describe what a pilgrim would do if they went to Lourdes. I will explain why Lourdes is a Christian place of pilgrimage.
She looked up and saw a vision dressed in white robes, which was later known as Virgin Mary. "I do not promise to make you happy in this life but in the next." Mary is trying to say that Bernadette will probably have a sad mortal life but she is promising she will have a happy eternal life. (Life after death) Bernadette told people of the vision but they didn't believe her. They started believing her when she told them the vision spoke to her and said "I am the Immaculate Conception."
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it is important to recognise that the same situation occurs in the east. For example, in many areas on the Indian subcontinent, Hinduism, Sikhism and Christianity constitutes a greater proportion of faith compared to countries in the Middle East where up to ninety nine percent of the population are practises Islam. When looking at the aspects of a Muslims life in which he/she is likely to face the most prominent issues, I decided that it would be more consequential to look at the issues posed when practising the five pillars of Islam, as they are central to the religion.
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In all Muslim marriages, parents are expected to have a role in choosing their child's partner. However, as marriage is a contract between individuals, both partners must agree to the match. Muslims are not allowed to arrange a marriage for anybody against their will. As well as helping their children to choose a suitable marriage partner, Muslim parents also have a responsibility to help if any things go wrong. This responsibility may influence their choice. Different Islamic cultures celebrate marriage in different ways. Around the Muslim world different customs are included in Muslim wedding celebrations. In mixed marriages Muslim boys may marry Christians and Jews, but Muslim girls are not permitted to marry non- Muslims because in Islam the children have to take the religion of the father, and so would become non-Muslims.
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How might following Islam, in Britain affect an individual's lifestyle and the lifestyle of a Muslim community?
This is called wearing a hijab and it indicated modesty in clothing and behaviour. In Britain, Muslim women try to follow their traditions as well as they can but sometimes this can be misunderstood. They might get stared or laughed at. In some extreme cases they become victims of harassment or racial discrimination. Teenage girls from the age of twelve also have to cover their legs, arms and heads. This also shows modesty and good behaviour. Nonetheless, when at school this can be difficult especially in P.E and swimming so they might have to wear special clothing.
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with spears then being forged in African Guinea. A further examination of the literature shows clearly that there are at least a dozen European explorers of the Columbus contact period who, within the first 50 years or so of the European encounter, saw black Africans among the Native Americans. For example Fredinand Columbus, one of the sons of Columbus, reported in a book on the life of Columbus, that his father told him that he had seen Blacks north of the present day Honduras.
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Sometimes a family or community collect money together to send poor Muslims on the journey. This shows that Muslims are a caring community. Borrowing money to carry out Hajj is not allowed as it is against Muslim rules. Muslims care for the weak and support the poor. Muslims that are too sick to carry out the journey can give their Hajj savings to charity or they can pay for a substitute to go to Makkah in their place. The substitute must have already completed Hajj them selves.
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They go on pilgrimages to pay homage to God and to pray. Some sites of pilgrimage, such as Lourdes in France, have a history for healing. Some people visit these places in the hope that they will be healed, or that the experience will help them come to terms with their illness and accept it. In a similar way, Christians who feel far from God might go on pilgrimages for spiritual healing. Finally, although pilgrimage is strictly different from a holiday, some Christians who are thinking of going on holiday instead visit a place of pilgrimage, for example the Holy Land.
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The end of the month, marked by the celebration of 'Eid-ul-Fitr, is similarly determined. During Ramadan, for the entire month, Muslims do not let anything pass their lips from sunrise until sunset. They fast during daylight hours and eat small meals in the evening in order to break their fast. They spend as much time as possible, during Ramadan, with their family, friends and the Ummah. Although the fast is most beneficial to the health, it is regarded principally as a method of self-purification. By cutting oneself off from worldly comforts, even for a short time, a fasting person gains true sympathy with those who go hungry as well as growth in one's spiritual life.
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If not they raise their arms to it to mark their respects. After Tawaf Muslims go to two small hills called Safa and Marawah, which are enclosed under two domes, joined by a walkway. They walk seven times between the hills. This commemorates the time when Hajar and Isma'il were lost in the desert. Hajar climbed the two hills repeatedly in search of water. Despite the thirst she still kept her faith and believed. Then an Angel appeared and showed her a spring of water.
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Jesus regarded divorce and remarriage as essentially to be deplored. The teachings and traditions of Christianity can vary in different regions. However, western Christendom teaches that marriage has three purposes: - The procreation and nurture of children - Mutual help and comfort - And a remedy against sin The teaching of the Roman Catholic Church regards marriage as a contract in which each of the partners gives the other an exclusive and permanent right to his or her body for proper sexual purposes. According to a catechism published by the Catholic Truth Society in 1985: "Marriage is the sacrament in which a baptised man and woman vow to belong to
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But I think that it is the after effect of going on a pilgrimage that makes it important. A Christian that goes on a pilgrimage is strengthened, and therefore will take a more active part in the community and help other people more than they would have done if they had not gone on a pilgrimage. If being a Christian were only about going on pilgrimages, not a lot would happen. However, if nobody went on pilgrimages, then all the miracles that happened at the pilgrimage sites would not have happened. There has to be a balance. What are the alternatives for Christians?
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