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GCSE: Charities, Poverty and Development
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CAFOD supports over 1000 projects in 75 different countries. They have an annual income of �20 million and 10% of its income is used for administration. They work directly with local people rather than employing field officers or sending workers abroad, because the local people would know the area better and about it more, and cope with the climate etc better. CAFOD challenged the government and international organisations through campaigns and lobbying to make sure their policies benefit people in poverty.
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It is also very important to put God before any thing else. The parable of the rich young man illustrates this: 'When a wealthy young man approached Jesus and asking to become a disciple he was told that only his money stood in between him and the Kingdom of God.' - Matthew 19:16-21. If you wish to be a disciple of Jesus you have to own no possessions or money, you should not care about them things, the same applies with Christians, that they shouldn't worship wealth and possessions.
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This describes Christianity teaches that everyone is to die one day and God is the one who owns you and everything and when he takes your life away then you had be left with nothing and wealth will not help you. Christians also consider earning their wealth in the correct way along with the accurate use of it. They believe wealth can lead people to do sins in order to earn it as told in 1 Timothy 6: 9-10 'for love of money is a root of all kind of evil', therefore they must earn it the right way; example of their sin may be to gamble, fraud, or black male another for gaining prosperity.
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These countries are becoming richer and developing further. The main problem does not occur in the developed or developing countries but in the LDC's. These countries are the ones that are still very poor and are particularly poverty stricken, for examples Mali, Bangladesh, Sudan, Afghanistan, Palestine and Iraq are few of the countries that still exists in undeveloped (or third) world. The most of what causes theses countries to be poor are wars and natural disasters of all type, that create great impacts on LDC's bringing a never-ending process of poverty.
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I think the rich people have a right to help the poor. The wealth they have been blessed with is from Allah and they are just the guardians of it, and not the owners as many people seem to think. For this reason they have a duty to help the poor because this is a responsibility they have been given. In the Battle of Tabuk, many of the Companions of the Prophet generously gave their wealth in order to help the Muslims provide for the battle. Some people think that the rich should not help the poor because they are lazy and not very hardworking.
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Zakah is paid after the nisab has been reached and is only paid once a year. Allah in the Quran determines the distribution of Zakah: '' Alms are for the poor and the needy, and those employed to administer the funds: for those whose hearts have been recently reconciled to the Truth; for those in bondage and in debt in the cause of Allah and for the wayfarer Thus is ordained by Allah. And Allah is full of knowledge and wisdom.'' Al-Quran 9:60 Sadaqah is not compulsory, but is greatly blessed as the giver is making a sacrifice of their wealth.
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PC's, and home-refurbishment are on the rise, and the main casualty of this increased consumerism is religion. "If you want to be perfect, go, sell all your possessions, and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven." Matthew 19: 21 Jesus tells us in this passage that to enter heaven, and eternal bliss, we should give up all our possessions and wealth and follow him. Yet, he also says that you have to treat your fellow man as you would your savour, in the respect of, clothing him, feeding him and giving him drink if he should need these necessities.
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Muslims see wealth as being God given and a commodity to be shared. God commands sharing in the religious pillar of Zakah, it is not an option. Muslims pay Zakah annually of 2.5% of their savings and income above the level needed to keep their family. On the festival of Id ul'fit'r, a special Zakah is paid. Some Muslims also believe in giving to charity on their own accord - paying Sadaqah. Many Muslims help the poor by granting them interest free loans, as charging interest is banned in Islam. If the poor find it difficult to repay the loans, then Muslims are encouraged to give more time or to give the money as a gift.
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'A visit to Swarthmoor Hall reveals the lifestyle of a wealthy Country Gentry family in the early 17th Century' how far do you agree with this statement? Give reasons for your answer.
The table top is made from a different wood to the legs. The top has a smooth side for posh occasions and a rough side for everyday use. This shows wealth and status as they would have needed servants to keep the tabletop smooth, and it showed they did have important occasions. This is a Country Gentry style thing as the nobility would have had separate rooms for important occasions and their everyday use. The table legs were made of oak, but the table top was made of cedar, an imported wood - this shows a sign of wealth as it would cost a lot to import wood.
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'In late vicorian Britain despite many critical comments, Poverty was still regarded as the fault of the poor and deserving of punishment.'Discuss the appropriateness of this judgment by reference to the four extracts.
This is met with little sympathy as the man tells him he 'Can't have a 'ome without payin' for it'. Confirming the attitude of many people in Victorian Britain that the man should be working to provide for his family and if he is not then they must face the consequences in the workhouse, even though they are trying to earn some money by selling matches. The cartoon in extract C titled 'Wasteful d**k' also confirms this attitude. The man is walking with a stick and was probably unable to obtain work because of his disability but even his wife
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That is why, when we go to hajj, everyone has to wear the same because that way, you cannot tell the difference between the rich and the poor. Allah never looks at how much wealth a person or a country has, He looks at how well each person or country uses their wealth, or how they spend their wealth. Only deeds are important to Allah, because only good deeds will get us into paradise. Therefore, whatever little we have spare, should be contributed to the poor.
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To which God replied, "Thou fool, this night thy soul shall be required of thee: then whose shall those things be, which thou hast provided?" The morale of this story is that although he has acquired so much and he believes he will be happy with all his possessions, when the he dies all these possessions which belonged to God already will be still be Gods and the fool will be left with nothing. One of the popular teachings about the dangers of money is in 1 Timothy 6:10.
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This quote cannot only be related to the world but to our own lives, if you are better of than others support those in need. The bible contains many different quotes that include teachings on wealth and poverty. Some parts of the bible can be interpreted fundamentally to mean if you are rich it is impossible to get to Heaven. Other parts suggest that if you have more than you need give it away to those who need it. The following quotes reflect the different ideas that have been put across.
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This is what I think has happened to the rich countries, they are so blinded by their own greed that they do not recognise others needs until it becomes so obvious they cannot ignore it any longer, like the famine in Ethiopia. * As the amount of people being born in third world countries is increasing rapidly, this money used to repay the debt is badly needed to pay for facilities like hospitals and clinics, but because it is not available, there is no way to educate the people on birth control and so the growth continues and many of
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lots of riches. The most important thing is that you lead a good holy life on earth so that you will have a good eternal life in heaven. So in this story money is not described as evil but no the most important thing in one's life in comparison with your Christianity. Another important parable, which comments on wealth and Christianity is James 2 : 14 - 17, 'faith by itself, if not companied by action, is dead!' This quotation means that if you have faith an wealth you don't have real faith.
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Examples of these would be provision of clean water, shelter, education, income-generation and healthcare. All of the long-term causes are there to tackle the roots of poverty - to make the countries more developed. In the beginning of the aid agency, Muslim Aid concentrated on more emergency/short-term aid, it is now focusing more of the long-term development scheme so that the countries can be free of poverty for a lifetime instead of a day. By 1994 projects on education, healthcare, skills training and water & irrigation had accounted for half of Muslim Aid's charitable expenditure, making a strategic impact on the development and strengthening of local communities worldwide.
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Are the absolutely affluent morally obligated to help the absolutely poor? Consider how Rachels and Nozick might respond to Singers argument.
In "Rich and Poor," Singer's basic principle is that when something is within one's power to prevent anything very bad from happening, without sacrificing anything of comparable moral significance, one ought to do so. He uses the example of a professor coming across a drowning child on a way to a lecture. The only thing the professor is sacrificing by saving the life of the child is being late to the lecture or having to postpone it, which is obviously not equal to the life of a child.
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In order for the charitable trust to be valid several factors have to be established for it can be held to be valid. It must be for public benefit, purpose must be charitable and it must be exclusively charitable.
It was further recognised that charities were able to allow recreational activities with the introduction of the Recreational Charities Act 1958, and even before this4. S. 1(2) states that the facilities must be for improving social life in the following circumstances (a) persons have need for such facilities by reason of youth, age, infirmity or social and economic circumstances, or (b) the facilities are available to members of the public at large. However, for the gift from Albert to be charitable the gift would have to be beneficial to the community.
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As development progresses the benefits 'trickle down' and everyone becomes better off. Thus this indicates that if inequality persistent then so poverty is persistent. There has however been much research on this and there are reasons to be sceptical of the relationship. Inequality affects development through savings and investment, through pressure for redistribution and through the composition of demand. Thus if inequality restricts development and development helps to alleviate poverty than again the conclusion is that inequality leads to poverty. However this is not a complete explanation because it does not account for persistence of inequality and poverty in many less developed countries.
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"What a rare punishment / Is avarice to itself!" Volpone, Act 1, sc.iv. Do the events in the play confirm this?
Among Italian cities Venice ... stood in the front rank for this sinister repute.' (Barish, 1972: 65) So the choice of setting was deliberate, he wanted to expose the greed and corruption in London, but also wanted to distance his audience and not alienate them. They could recognise what they saw and where it was happening which enhanced the plays understanding to its audience.
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These guidelines contained thirteen virtues which he followed to the best of his ability. It was a "bold and arduous Project of arriving at moral Perfection (84)." In this guideline of virtues, Franklin lists Industry and Frugality. His definition of Frugality goes, "Make no Expence but to do good to others or yourself: i.e. Waste Nothing (85)." Following this virtue was beneficial to Franklin throughout his entire life. While still a printer, he was able to make a steady income by avoiding unnecessary pleasures, such as drinking and gambling, and unneeded material possessions.
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Islam teaches that wealth is something given by Allah for the assistance of the humanity and, therefore, is given to be shared. In Islam there are five pillars, out of which there is one where the Muslim has to pay something from his property to help the poor. This is not optional in Islam but is a command from Allah which means that the Muslim has to do the act. This pillar of Islam is called Zakah. In Arabic, Zakah means purification and many believe this name was given because of the purity it emits over the wealth which is left when the Zakah has been given.
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Outline a Muslim teaching on wealth and poverty, Explain why there is a need for world development, Analyse and explain the work of ONE Muslim agency working for world development.
* "Hajj" this is when a Muslim performs the holy pilgrimage to Mecca, the house of Allah. Giving charity is recognized all over the world, and in many religions giving charity is compulsory. Even people with no faith recognize generosity as a unique quality. Islam is a religion which acknowledges the importance of giving charity. Zakat is the third obligatory pillar of Islam; Zakat is an act of generosity towards people in poverty, in order for any Muslim to perform Zakat it is important for them to have reached the Nisab which is a certain amount of wealth, 2.5% of your wealth is the minimum amount and qualifies for Zakat.
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"Charity does not have an effect Christians want, it makes people lazy and it keeps them poor" Discuss.
St Paul states that, 'if a man will not work, he will not eat.' This is clear that he believes that a person has to do something to receive a reward or that if no energy is put into something then, there will be no food. Perhaps he was pointing out that we need to earn our living and being given our living is wrong.
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In the cities of Africa the real causes of poverty are many such as environmental degradation, imbalances in power, wealth and even no access to knowledge. Poverty doesn't just mean people who have missed a couple of meals you know. I think you yourself are exaggerating there. People in poor countries such as Africa don't just miss a few meals. They are highly underweight and are suffering from malnutrition. Malnutrition in its many forms persists in virtually all the poor countries of the world in spite of a general improvement in food supplies and health conditions, and the increased availability of educational and social services.
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