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GCSE: Euthanasia

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  1. Euthanasia is a loving, Christian response Discuss.

    Like the Scripture says in 1Corinthians 6:19-20 "You are not your own, for you were bought with a price. Therefore glorify God in your body and in your spirit, which are God's." You must look after your body as God paid the ultimate price for it (by dying on the cross to save us all from our sins). He has plans for us, so to die before the time has come would be destroying us - we are living our lives to His scheduling and planning, not our own.

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  2. Ethical Questions

    But would condone them anyway. Kant: A Kantian would very much agree to this statement they would believe that an event like Comic Relief which tugs on your heart strings to give away money is not the way to go about getting charitable donations. They would say that it would be your duty to give money away to such organisations because Kant believed that the moral law is a principle of reason itself. They would say that it would be a categorical imperative, an unconditional obligation in order to fulfil the charitable givers worthiness of being happy.

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  3. To what Extent was Hitler’s Euthanasia policy a distinct “n**i” Policy?

    Section B: Summary of Evidence: Before the breakout of World War II, The n**i's carried out a program called euthanasia which is now condemned. They involuntarily euthanized children under the age of three who showed characteristics of mental or physical disabilities. Hitler later on gave the policy a new angle by trying to rid Germany of the Jews influence in politics. He did this by euthanizing them and justified it with medical metaphors stating Jews are the cancer that must be eradicated.

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  4. Choose a case which you consider to be of crucial importance for medical ethics and the law. Explain why you consider that it is so significant, with a focus on the critical evaluation of judicial reasoning in your chosen case, as well as cases preceding

    Perhaps the words of J.Keown can best sum up many peoples views and opinions on why assisted suicide or euthanasia should be forbidden, they are: "traditional medical ethics...never asks whether the patients life is worthwhile, for the notion of a worthwhile life is an alien to the Hippocratic tradition as it is to English criminal law, both of which subscribe to the principle of the sanctity of human life which holds that, because all lives are intrinsically valuable, it is always wrong intentionally to kill an innocent human being"2 From this, above anything else, the idea of sanctity of life and the need for it's preservation is apparent.

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  5. Also connected to issues involved in abortion and the sacredness of life is euthanasia. Our beliefs in the value of life influenced by the church also affect the way we see euthanasia. Euthanasia is the act of bringing

    The Roman Catholic Church says that the use of contraception is against natural law. It is natural that conception may happen with s****l intercourse and therefore this should be prevented. Abortion is an operation carried out to remove the growing foetus from its Mothers womb so that it can be destroyed. In the UK abortion has been legal since 1967, when the law about abortion was passed in parliament. The abortion act said that a person should not be guilty of the unlawful ending of a pregnancy if: The operation is carried out by a registered doctor and in a registered hospital.

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  6. Comparison of Islam and Judaism regarding Euthanasia

    All religions teach us that life is sacred, it is a gift from God therefore we should protect it. Euthanasia involves the taking of life so it goes against the teachings of religions. Even if one is about to die and are in a lot of pain, all religions teach us that they should be looked after in the best possible manner. Euthanasia should not be an option. "Do not kill (or destroy) yourselves, for verily Allah has been to you most merciful" (Qur'an 4:29) From the above quote we can see that Islam quite clearly states that we should not take our lives or anyone else's.

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  7. The novel "Finding Grace", by Alyssa Brugman is the story of a brain damaged woman named Grace

    All copies of the novel, 'Finding Grace' have been stolen, (Holds up novel) except for this one. But why, you ask, would anyone want to steal this book? Let me tell you. The novel "Finding Grace", by Alyssa Brugman is the story of a brain damaged woman named Grace and her path to recovery. The novel is viewed through the perspective of Grace's new carer, a teenage girl named Rachel. This representation of Rachel contributes to the foregrounding of certain attitudes, values and beliefs which construct the dominant discourse of Disablement which is evident throughout the novel.

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  8. Explain how Christians apply these beliefs to Abortion and Euthanasia, showing you understand different points of view.

    When I was growing there in secret, you knew that I was there, you saw me before I was born'. (Psalm 139:13) There is something also known as the double effect, whereby if the mother has cancer in the womb and needs to remove it in order to keep the mother alive and the baby dies as a result of it. Many of the churches accept this as not being a direct abortion, as it was not intended, it only happened as a result of keeping the mother alive and it is for the right cause.

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  9. Voluntary Euthanasia

    Diane Pretty fought against this law in several different courts including European court but failed. Euthanasia can be defined as helping someone to die who is enduring extreme suffering, for example from an incurable disease. Euthanasia can also be defined in several other ways; * Euthanasia: the intentional killing by act or omission of a dependent human being for his or her alleged benefit. * Voluntary euthanasia: When the person who is killed gives consent to be killed. * Involuntary euthanasia: When the person who is killed is incapable of giving consent or does not give consent.

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  10. Evaluate the Ethical Arguments For and Against Voluntary Euthanasia

    Even with modern pain control people can still suffer right to the end of life. If the killing is done at the patients request it is called 'voluntary euthanasia'. If it is done without the patients request, even though they could have requested it before they were in a state which prevented them from doing so, then it is called involuntary euthanasia. If a patient was never capable of requesting this then it is called non-voluntary euthanasia. An example of this might be if a patient is in a Persistent Vegetative State. Passive euthanasia is to withhold treatment.

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  11. Explain how Christians may respond to the question of euthanasia.

    Also Christians may use their conscience to make decisions, this is the Christian idea of free will and is the belief by some Christians that because God created humans apart from animals and able to make choices about our lives we have the right to use them and some Christians would use the idea of free will to support euthanasia. Finally some Christians may also make decisions on issues such as euthanasia from being influenced by society around them. The first Church teaching that I am going to explore is the Roman Catholic Church teaching which the majority of Catholics are likely to support.

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  12. Is Euthanasia morally acceptable?

    Her parents requested that she be removed from this situation, but the doctors objected to this idea. The court stepped in and allowed Quinlan's parents to have her respirator removed. Although Quinlan lived for another nine years (her parents did not remove her feeding tube), the case set a model for a patient's right to refuse unwanted medical treatment. This case recognized that some lifesaving treatments are not always appropriate, and permitted the removal of these treatments as a form of "passive" euthanasia" (Torr 13). Paradoxical to the idea of passive euthanasia, is the person most influential for bringing attention to the issue of mercy killing, Jack Kevorkian.

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  13. Christian Perspectives - Euthanasia is the intentional killing of a person.

    Active Euthanasia is when deliberately the action has taken place to bring persons life to an end. The definitions for Passive Euthanasia are: 1. The removal of medical treatment from a person if it is there request. Death normally is the result of this. 2. Taking the patient away from care and supervision e.g. feeding, bathing etc. Death can also be the result of this too. Some people want to carry out euthanasia on them selves but don't have the information to carry it through.

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  14. How far does the film 'whose life is it anyway' succeed in persuading you that euthanasia ought to be legalised in this country? What persuasive techniques are employed in the film and how effective are they?

    Ask yourself would you agree to let your pain and suffering come to an end? Therefore do you agree with euthanasia and suicide? In the film 'whose life is it anyway' it highlights the thrilling argument about euthanasia. Ken, the sculptor finds himself one day lying in the terminally ill department of the local hospital, with nothing to move apart from his head. After six months of lying in the same bed ken decides he no longer wishes to live like that. He appeals for the right to be let free. Would you agree when I say he should be let free?

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  15. What is Euthanasia?

    It means not taking prolonged or vigorous action to preserve life. Involuntary euthanasia is when the decision of death is made by someone other than the patient because the patient cannot or would not make the decision themselves. For example, a close relative or doctor might make the decision if the patient is not mentally stable. ii) Explain what Christian teachings might be used in a discussion about Euthanasia In a discussion about euthanasia many biblical or Christian teachings can be referred to. Here are some examples; Genesis 1:26-27 teaches Christians that God made all human beings and our life is therefore a gift of God; it is sanctified and has dignity.

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  16. Evaluate the ethical argument for and against keeping a person alive against his or her will.

    Arguments for voluntary euthanasia state that it is not murder if the patient does not want to live. It cannot be wrong to relieve someone from excruciating pain if it is his or her desire to die. It is believed by some that the act of euthanasia shows mercy to those suffering intolerable pain or from an incurable disease. Voluntary euthanasia allows competent adults to decide whether they want to live or die and so they should be granted the dignity to make this decision for themselves.2 Preference utilitarianism points in favour of euthanasia as it claims that its principles

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  17. Euthanasia is the deliberate killing of a person for the benefit of that person.

    Euthanasia by omission is intentionally causing death by not providing necessary and ordinary (usual and customary) care or food and water. Why people want euthanasia: Most people think unbearable pain is the main reason people seek euthanasia, but some surveys in the USA and the Netherlands showed that less than a third of requests for euthanasia were because of severe pain. Terminally ill people can have their quality of life severely damaged by physical conditions such as incontinence, nausea and vomiting, breathlessness, paralysis, difficulty in swallowing... Psychological factors that cause people to think of euthanasia include depression, fear of loss of control or of dignity, feeling a burden, or dislike of being dependent.

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  18. How does Brian Clark interest and entertain his Audience in the play 'Whose Life is it Anyway?'

    Euthanasia is a very recent debate that is still left to be deciphered in the UK. It has already been made legal in Holland causing local cases to arise. For instance a terminally ill woman named Diane Pretty attempted to face the courts in a battle for her husband to take her life but lost and so died a slow painful death which could have been prevented. I personally feel that someone with an acceptable and satisfactory reason to die should over rule any professional opinion and gain the right for a dignified and painless death.

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  19. Explain what Christian teachings might be used in a discussion about euthanasia.

    Passive voluntary euthanasia is when doctors stop using 'extra ordinary' means to keep a patient alive, such as having curative treatment. 2. Explain what Christian teachings might be used in a discussion about euthanasia. Genesis 9:6 was an instruction for Noah but applies still today 'whoever sheds man's blood, by man his blood shall be shed, for in the image of God has He made man.' This verse is adamant about the sinfulness of killing man, not only because it is wrong but also because we were made in God's image and therefore harming each other is harming God.

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  20. Is euthanasia incompatible with Christian belief and practice?

    It raises further ethical, practical and religious problems for the physician, nurse or whoever carries euthanasia out. Euthanasia is illegal in Britain although passive euthanasia is performed when life support machines are turned off when a patient is obviously dead. Apart from this, there are still numerous medical dilemmas associated with it as well as religious dilemmas. If a doctor stopped a patient's medical treatment in order to let them die then the relatives would be able to sue and so the doctor can make a legal decision as a safeguard to go to a court of law and ask for a ruling on whether or not to continue with treatment.

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  21. Should Euthanasia Be Illegal?

    Some people believe that patients have a right to die, in opposition, the other people consider all three types of euthanasia to be murder, suicide, and immoral. The first bill to legalize euthanasia in the United States was introduced in the Ohio Legislature in 1906. In 1937, the Nebraska Legislature voted down a bill legalizing active euthanasia in the United States. In 1939, the New York Legislature rejected a bill about legalizing euthanasia in the United States. From about 1947 to the late 1960's, and early 1970's, euthanasia was illegal in the United States and Western Europe.

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  22. In regards to the problems of knowledge in the case of euthanasia how can we determine if we are acting in a good or moral way when there is a clear clash of ethical viewpoints?

    Some would argue that the practice of euthanasia is used as a last resort, when the individual can no longer manage the pain of their illness. However, that argument can be rebutted by an observation made by a proponent of a movement similar to Right to Die. One can argue that pain is never justification for euthanasia considering the advanced medical techniques currently available to manage pain in almost every circumstance. Thus the pain does not justify death, but rather it justifies the need for more money to educate health care professionals on better pain management techniques.

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  23. To pull the plug or not to pull the plug...is that the question? The question of Euthanasia has received increased attention in recent years as the result of the dramatic advances that have been made in medical technology

    By saying that it is okay to Legalizing "euthanasia" you are saying you want to permit all types of it as well. Some people assume euthanasia deals with choice, but that is not always the case. There are many situations where people do not have a choice, such as Permanent Vegetative State patients or people who get their destiny chosen for them. Another problem with this thesis is that if you were to legalize euthanasia who would qualify under this law?

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  24. Euthanasia -Humane or insane?

    Through weeks of consideration and debate Betsy had decided that she wished to die with grace and dignity and own her own terms. First she spoke to Brian about the idea, although he didn't want her to die he could see it was best all round. Her and Brian announced the news to their family, initially shocked and distraught they pleaded with her to changed her mind but with Betsy's usual charismatic charm she convinced them that it was in her and her families best interest.

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  25. What is meant by euthanasia?

    This is the type of decision that is the hardest to make as it is not being made by the person whose life is to be terminated, it is being made by relatives or doctors. The main problem that a doctor or a relative face when trying to carry out Euthanasia is that at the moment the law stands that any form of Euthanasia except suicide is a crime although turning off a life support machine is covered by the idea of "not striving officiously to keep alive".

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Religious Studies involves more than just study the world's great religions. In studying the subject you may end up covering how spirituality underpins our culture, how belief systems inform how we treat each other, animal life and the world around us, and the role religion plays in societies around the globe. Youll pick up some valuable skills along the way too: analytical thinking and critical judgement, the ability to work with others, skills of expression and discussion, and ways in which you can negotiate and resolve argument.

You will cover the major global religions (and specialising in one or two), ethics, crime and punishment, personal relationships and the family and the response of societies to issues like poverty in different parts of the world. You'll need to be able to clearly discuss relevantpoints in your assignments and Marked by Teachers have a comprehensive range of assessed RS essays, which you can access to build the skills you need.


Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
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  • Would removing life support from an individual in a permanently vegetative state be morally wrong? Discuss with reference to: a) the sanctity of life and b) the doctrine of double effect.

    "A separate argument could be the slippery slope. This argument can be used with many arguments such as legalization. The legalization of cannabis is often looked upon however if it was legal then wouldn't more harmful drugs become closer and closer to legalization? The argument seems to fall down a slippery slope and others follow. I can link this argument with euthanasia, if voluntary active euthanasia is allowed, then people would argue why involuntary passive euthanasia is not acceptable. This could lead to a knock-on effect, which could of started from a small event taking place leading to anything whatsoever. I believe that removing life from a person in a PVS is acceptable on the grounds that it is authorized with doctors and known to be 100% true that the patient will not recover from the vegetative state he or she is in. I also believe that letting the patient die is equally acceptable as to killing the patient with a lethal drug, letting somebody die is just as bad as killing someone in most cases."

  • Analyse the Way In Which a T.V Soap Opera Has Dealt With a Religious or Moral Issue.

    "After taking into consideration both sides of the argument I have come to a conclusion, and my own personal opinion is that euthanasia should be allowed. Even taking into account it will affect the loved ones of someone I still believe if someone is in so much pain he/she couldn't take it any more, subsequently it would seem fair to respect their decision."

  • To what Extent was Hitler’s Euthanasia policy a distinct “Nazi” Policy?

    "In conclusion to all the evidence provided that the Euthanasia program was a great indicator for the later establishment of the concentration camps for the Jews. In my opinion the Euthanasia was to an extent not a distinctive Nazi policy but merely a quick and easy cover for Hitler's hatred for Jews. What Hitler did certainly did not follow the definition for euthanasia and can be said that he manipulated it to his own version of euthanasia but the original euthanasia cannot be credited to the Nazi policy. The involuntary euthanasia of children and adolescents who were mentally or physically challenged, although considered murder was still in the constraints of the euthanasia policy. Hitler's aims for this was not the extermination of mentally disabled but more the cleansing of Jews from the German infrastructure. Hitler intended on establishing an "arichen Herrenvolk" 15which was known as the Aryan race, the race without impure blood or disabilities. He did so once in the late 1930's and the same idea carried through to the concentration camps for Jews later on."

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