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GCSE: Euthanasia

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  1. My hypothesis: Euthanasia should be legalized in the UK.I am going to answer a hypothesis to do with Euthanasia based on my collection of primary and secondary information.

    I will try to find people's views on Euthanasia and why they have these opinions through questionnaires, interviews and secondary research. 2. I have chosen this key question because finding and analysing case studies will play a major part of my secondary research. It will help me to learn about peoples personal experiences of Euthanasia, whether they be a family member, friend or doctor of the person going through the decision of whether to or not to die through Euthanasia.

    • Word count: 13102
  2. Religious studies - Christian perspectives of euthanasia

    Examples of non-voluntary euthanasia include when the patient is not told that they are going to be killed, or if a patient is unable to make decisions/is unconscious. Involuntary euthanasia is uncommon because it is usually seen as murder. An example of involuntary euthanasia is where the patient (who is able to make rational decisions) is told that they are to be euthanized, the patient disagrees, but is killed regardless. Also, there are two types of euthanasia. Firstly, there is active euthanasia.

    • Word count: 3085
  3. Is Euthanasia morally acceptable?

    The pages taken from 'The Ethics of Euthanasia' relive the tale of Mrs Z and how euthanasia was a good thing for her. It is an adequate source and is likely to be reliable as it was created as a book for those wanting to find out about topical issues, the series if books it come s form is often used in schools thus supporting the reliability of it. However it was printed two years ago so some of the information may not be totally up-to-date but still this does not make it an unreliable source.

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  4. What is euthanasia?

    Does the choice to kill someone mean that we are taking God's role - 'playing God'? Christians genuinely believe that euthanasia is the same as abortion or any other means of killing; they believe that human life is sacred and therefore valuable because God knows each person individually, even before they are born and has a plan for their life - Jeremiah 1:5, Psalm 139:13-16. Euthanasia is a very controversial issue about which many people, especially Christians, feel strongly. They believe that people who are suffering should not opt for death but work through prayer and practical solutions in order to alleviate their pain.

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  5. The belief regarding the sanctity of life means that our lives are very precious and of immense significance. I am going to research two religions Islam and Judaism and examine what their views are on the facts of euthanasia.

    Islam simply states that euthanasia is forbidden whatever the circumstance may be. As life is sacred and that people are forbidden to kill or harm themselves in anyway. "Nor kill or destroy yourselves, for verily Allah hath been Most Merciful." Qur'an 4: 29 In the above quotation God explains to us in the Qur'an that euthanasia is not allowed as we do not own our body as it belongs to God and so we should not abuse it. The Holy Prophet (s)

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  6. Euthanasia should be legalised in Queensland under very strict conditions - Discuss.

    The everlasting legal and social dispute of introducing euthanasia to Australian states has been accompanied by a number of events, which have become landmarks for both the pro euthanasia movement and their opposing parties. 3.0 Euthanasia (general outline) Euthanasia comes from two Greek words meaning 'pleasant death'. It is also commonly referred to as mercy killing and includes accelerating a person's death for some idea of goodness (www.euthanasia.com). This topic includes three different practices, actively causing death, aiding suicide and not interfering with suicide (http://www.fact-index.com).

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  7. Abortion and Euthanasia

    They are also used to limit the number of children in order not to damage living standards. The various Christian churches have different views on contraception. The Roman Catholic Church says that the use of contraception is against natural law. It is natural that conception may happen with s****l intercourse and therefore this should be prevented. Abortion is an operation carried out to remove the growing foetus from its Mothers womb so that it can be destroyed. In the UK abortion has been legal since 1967, when the law about abortion was passed in parliament.

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  8. What are the religious and ethical considerations to the issue of euthanasia?

    Glover stated that when looking at this distinction it is necessary to look at "the degree to which they are expensive, unusual, difficult, and painful or dangerous. These are called ordinary and extraordinary means. The main argument is argument of the santicty of life approach against the autonomy of the individual. The church believes that life is sacred and dissagree's will any of the following crimes against life such as murder , suicide,abortion etc. God gave life to us as a gift and which 'we are called apon to preserve it and make it fruitful'(decalaration on Euthanasia,1980)

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  9. Euthanasia and types of euthanasia

    (Henrickson et al., 1986). It means doing something or omitting to do something with the intention of causing death. There are four types of euthanasia, which are; voluntary and direct, voluntary but indirect, direct but involuntary, and indirect and involuntary. Voluntary and direct euthanasia is "chosen and carried out by the patient. Voluntary but indirect euthanasia is chosen in advance. Direct but involuntary euthanasia is done for the patient without his or her request. Indirect and involuntary euthanasia occurs when a hospital decides that it is time to remove life support (Fletcher 1986).

    • Word count: 5939
  10. Brian Clark uses a number of techniques to dramatise the Euthanasia Debate in his play, "Who's Life is it Anyway".

    It resides in the fact that the choice is removed from the man concerned.' After Ken's argument we have a doctor from the old-school of medicine, who is much more interested in saving people's lives than listening to how they feel or the rights and choices they should or could have, they are only interested in black and white medical science, and not interested in the grey and mentally and emotionally challenging areas. Dr. Emerson argues that Ken is a human life, and allowing that human life to die is a waste of a human life: 'Mr Harrison is now physically stable.

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  11. 'Acceptance of the practice of voluntary Euthanasia is incompatible with the Christian belief in the sanctity of life but not with the attitudes of some ethical philosophers or some doctors'. Discuss.

    The duties of service and non-interference may be challenged by the quality of life in question and people's attitude towards it. Cases whereby the duty of non-interference be withheld in the interest of certain individuals, but then life's are terminated by the people who have a duty of service towards them. These cases introduce the problem of Euthanasia. The Euthanasia programme of Hitler is regarded when on such topics. In 1939 he gassed 275,000 people, mainly physical, mentally sick or elderly people.

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  12. A Study of Beliefs about Euthanasia between two religions: Unit 3B, Section 1.

    Christianity On the whole, most Christians are against euthanasia of any kind. This is due to belief that life is a gift from God, and therefore no one should interfere with the course it takes. Christians believe in the Sanctity of Life, a belief that reminds Christians that all life is sacred because God created it. Therefore, euthanasia of any kind would be going against this, taking away what God has made. Christians belief that God is omniscient (all-knowing), and therefore He would already know what our lives would hold for us.

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  13. What are the main issues in the debate about euthanasia.

    Some may believe that euthanasia devalues life, as it becomes 'disposable.' It is argued that people would take life too lightly if euthanasia were legalised. A lot of voluntary euthanasia cases tend to involve an elderly patient. There are complications in this situation, as old people may feel they are a nuisance to others, and may opt for euthanasia although their heart wants to continue living. This is a huge moral dilemma for friends and relatives, as they have to choose between their loved one suffering or being deprived of him or her.

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  14. Is Euthanasia accepted within Society?

    On the other hand, for many ethicists, "passive euthanasia" has become a "weasel term" which is seen only to deny responsibility and perhaps to clear the medical staff and the doctor from any accusations of having "done" something to cause the patient's death. The debate about euthanasia props up all the time, even when it is not announced, it is still happening secretly all the time. I am going to look at the medical, religious, financial, social, political views to euthanasia.

    • Word count: 4333
  15. “An acceptance of the practice ofvoluntary euthanasia is incompatible with Christian belief in the sanctity of life but not with the attitudes of some ethical philosophers or medical practitioners” Discuss.

    Active euthanasia refers to the direct willed death of a person; it is the intentional act of mercy killing. Passive euthanasia is not in the sense killing but allowing to die e.g.: turning off a life support machine or not administering drugs to keep someone alive, it allows the person to die by withholding or stopping the treatment that sustains life. Direct euthanasia involves the use of something specific to cause death. Indirect euthanasia is where death occurs as a side effect of treatment, e.g.: injecting a lethal dose of morphine to reduce pain, knowingly that this will eventually end the patient's life (4).

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  16. An acceptance of the practice of Voluntary Euthanasia is incompatible with the Christian belief in the Sanctity of Life but not with the attitudes of some ethical philosophers. Discuss.

    There are two types of voluntary euthanasia, passive and active. Passive euthanasia is the omission or termination of treatment that is prolonging a patient's life whereas active euthanasia is the result of a positive action, for example a lethal injection by a carer. Although there is slight differentiation with regards to euthanasia the three main denominations of Christianity are relatively similar in their views and moral thinking. The Roman Catholic Church has the most strict view and believes that any action which is going to 'cause death as a relief from suffering is a grave violation of the law of

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  17. Euthanasia discussion.

    Some people may have also called compulsory euthanasia 'unnecessary murder'. Two other methods of euthanasia are passive and active. Passive euthanasia happens when the terminally ill patient is given painkilling drugs. This will stop the pain but will not save the patient or cause a quick death. Active euthanasia is when the patient is given a drug to take the pain away and kill him. If the terminally ill patient is conscious and wishes to die, the case is then called voluntary euthanasia.

    • Word count: 3164
  18. Euthanasia - Diary Entries.

    After a while I didn't see the point of reading about something I can no longer do. Maybe I'll return to the library tomorrow to get lost in the varieties of books. I don't have to be restricted to athletics. Week 1 Day 3 Dear Diary, I think my sister Claire is visiting today. I quite like some company but I sometimes feel jealous, as she is fit and healthy, unlike me. I quite like it when she comes to visit because she gives me all the news and sometimes she brings me a gift. Today I asked to go into the recreation ground to play some table tennis or pool.

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  19. I believe it is the right of any human being to be totally in control of their own life even when it means being able to decide to terminate it, whether in sickness or perfect health.

    But I was desperate and miserable enough to kill myself and I think that it is the individual's own choice and no one else's. everyone should have their own choice. it should be legal. great band Euthenasia should be legalised in special conditions like when people don't want a long suffered death but it should NOT be legalised to sell off the streets as it could result in murder and suicide why put a person through misery when all they want to do is die and there is nothing you can do to help them??

    • Word count: 4366
  20. What is meant by euthanasia?

    In this sort of situation the written statement of the patient's wishes would be used to make a decision. Living wills are lawful; they have nothing to do with voluntary euthanasia. * Living wills accord with the present law and good medical practice * Living wills do not authorise active voluntary euthanasia * Living wills do not ask a doctor to perform anything that is illegal or against good medical practice * Living wills are supported by all major professional medical and nursing bodies.

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  21. The Language of Euthanasia

    In this case advocates of Euthanasia are able to build their case by feeding off society's lack of knowledge. These advocates use euphemisms like "deliverance," "death with dignity," "aid-in-dying" and "gentle landing." If their position has to be promoted with euphemisms, this may be due to the fact that the use of accurate, descriptive language would make the distressing reality too apparent. It's disturbing then to think that it is the definition of a term that often compels one to take either a negative or positive approach on an issue.

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  22. The Roman Catholic Church teaches that Human life is sacred.Explain how this teaching influences its attitude to Abortion and Euthanasia, showing that you understand other points of view.

    Both of these are an integral part of the Church's teachings that life is sacred. "Love thy Neighbour" means that we should respect all human life. The Catholic Church also teaches "All humans are made in the image of God". If we have no respect for other human life then how can we have respect for God? If we are modelled on the same image as Him, then every time we don't show the proper respect for our fellow humans then we are not showing the proper respect for God or His work. This shows that all humans are responsible for the lives of everybody else around us.

    • Word count: 3005
  23. Euthanasia- coursework on Christian belief, ethical philosophers and that of the medical establishment.

    patient from the prolongation, perhaps for many years, of a miserable life, which could impose too heavy a burden on their families or society. It is therefore, necessary to state clearly in what sense the word is used in the present essay; by euthanasia is understood an action or an omission which of itself or by intention causes death, in order that all suffering may in this way be eliminated. Euthanasia's terms of reference are to be found in the intention of the will and in the methods used; therefore, a Christian understanding of euthanasia is that nothing and no

    • Word count: 4927
  24. What is meant by euthanasia?

    * Involuntary Euthanasia This is when patients who are not mentally competent have euthanasia performed on them. When people say mentally incompetent, it could mean that they are in a coma, in PVS or mentally ill and therefore they cannot decide whether they would want euthanasia or they are not in the right state of mind to make that decision. Therefore in involuntary euthanasia, the decision is made by the patient's relative and doctors together. e.g. in the case of Tony Bland. * Compulsory Euthanasia This is when people who are seen as a 'burden' on society are put to death unwillingly.

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  25. The Issues of Euthanasia in Whose Life Is It Anyway?

    The play also has linking with complimentary language suggestive language that has s****l innuendo. This type of language comes from Ken and John. "I've got some work to do for my exam". "Let me help...I'm an expert on anatomy. We could go dancing, down to the Barbados, a few drinks and then back to my pad for an anatomy lesson". "Let me get on..." "..the neck bone's connected to the shoulder bone. The shoulder bone's connected to the breast bone..."

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Religious Studies involves more than just study the world's great religions. In studying the subject you may end up covering how spirituality underpins our culture, how belief systems inform how we treat each other, animal life and the world around us, and the role religion plays in societies around the globe. Youll pick up some valuable skills along the way too: analytical thinking and critical judgement, the ability to work with others, skills of expression and discussion, and ways in which you can negotiate and resolve argument.

You will cover the major global religions (and specialising in one or two), ethics, crime and punishment, personal relationships and the family and the response of societies to issues like poverty in different parts of the world. You'll need to be able to clearly discuss relevantpoints in your assignments and Marked by Teachers have a comprehensive range of assessed RS essays, which you can access to build the skills you need.


Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • Would removing life support from an individual in a permanently vegetative state be morally wrong? Discuss with reference to: a) the sanctity of life and b) the doctrine of double effect.

    "A separate argument could be the slippery slope. This argument can be used with many arguments such as legalization. The legalization of cannabis is often looked upon however if it was legal then wouldn't more harmful drugs become closer and closer to legalization? The argument seems to fall down a slippery slope and others follow. I can link this argument with euthanasia, if voluntary active euthanasia is allowed, then people would argue why involuntary passive euthanasia is not acceptable. This could lead to a knock-on effect, which could of started from a small event taking place leading to anything whatsoever. I believe that removing life from a person in a PVS is acceptable on the grounds that it is authorized with doctors and known to be 100% true that the patient will not recover from the vegetative state he or she is in. I also believe that letting the patient die is equally acceptable as to killing the patient with a lethal drug, letting somebody die is just as bad as killing someone in most cases."

  • Analyse the Way In Which a T.V Soap Opera Has Dealt With a Religious or Moral Issue.

    "After taking into consideration both sides of the argument I have come to a conclusion, and my own personal opinion is that euthanasia should be allowed. Even taking into account it will affect the loved ones of someone I still believe if someone is in so much pain he/she couldn't take it any more, subsequently it would seem fair to respect their decision."

  • To what Extent was Hitler’s Euthanasia policy a distinct “Nazi” Policy?

    "In conclusion to all the evidence provided that the Euthanasia program was a great indicator for the later establishment of the concentration camps for the Jews. In my opinion the Euthanasia was to an extent not a distinctive Nazi policy but merely a quick and easy cover for Hitler's hatred for Jews. What Hitler did certainly did not follow the definition for euthanasia and can be said that he manipulated it to his own version of euthanasia but the original euthanasia cannot be credited to the Nazi policy. The involuntary euthanasia of children and adolescents who were mentally or physically challenged, although considered murder was still in the constraints of the euthanasia policy. Hitler's aims for this was not the extermination of mentally disabled but more the cleansing of Jews from the German infrastructure. Hitler intended on establishing an "arichen Herrenvolk" 15which was known as the Aryan race, the race without impure blood or disabilities. He did so once in the late 1930's and the same idea carried through to the concentration camps for Jews later on."

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