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GCSE: Morality of War

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  1. Christian Views on Protest and Violence. Many people believe that non-violent protests are very beneficial; some because of ethical and moral beliefs, others because of religion.

    (Matthew 5:22) and "Anyone who hates a brother or sister is a murderer..." (1 John 3:15), Christians have come to interpret the terms 'brother' and 'sister' very widely therefore coming to love opponents and even their enemies. However, the way of putting non-violence into practice has been interpreted in many ways. Of those who have chosen an active engagement, the most notable are the Quakers; pacifists, who believe that there is something of God in every person and in the face of evil, that they should act in a way that is most likely to reach 'that of God' by turning an evil mind into a right one; something that cannot be achieved by violence.

    • Word count: 872
  2. Religious Views on Peace and Conflict Assessment

    Explain how the United Nations try to bring about world peace. The United Nations try to bring world peace by letting people bring their problems and let them get heard by every other participating UN country, so it lets people get help from other nations such as the diseases, famine, political instability, etc. The UN provides relief in the form on food, clothing, money, medical expertise, or military presence. Also if two nations have issues with each other the UN can provide mediation to end the problem, which helps to bring world peace since they are solving problems and making peace.

    • Word count: 1063
  3. Non-violence is an effective answer to prejudice. Do you agree?

    An example of somebody who has used violence as an effective way to achieve their aims is Tony Blair. He believed that the only way to stop Saddam Hussein and his followers from continuing with their evil policies was to go to war with them. His precise words were "we had to fight for our values- freedom." Tony Blair did achieve one of his aims- removing Hussein from power, however he did not put an end to terrorism, in fact it has got worse. Another example of someone who believed that non-violence was a good way of achieving what they wanted was Ernesto Cardinale.

    • Word count: 1527
  4. War is Always wrong

    In addition, many teachings in the bible refer to using force and wielding weapons for a just cause. In Luke 22:36, 'if you don't have a sword...buy one'. This is referring to the fact that spreading the word of Christianity might be hard as there will be opposition but Jesus defines Christianity as a just cause so if any on the disciple do not have swords, they should go and buy swords and be prepared to fight for a cause.

    • Word count: 556
  5. Victims of War

    Luke 10:25-37 is about a man who was attacked by robbers; he was left lying helplessly in the middle of the road and certain people walked past him. First a priest walked past and then a Levite and surprisingly none of these people helped the man but just walked on as if they had never noticed him on the floor. However, a Samaritan was walking past and went over to man and helped him and even paid an inn keeper to look after him and keep him in an inn.

    • Word count: 928
  6. Christian views on a just war.

    weapons is morally wrong and could cause mass genocide and also the vast amounts of money spent on nuclear weapons and research into them ought to be spent on real needs on real people in this country and in the third world. However if one country decided to throw away their nuclear weapons, the country could be blackmailed into doing anything or could simply be destroyed. Nuclear pacisifts see past this and do want disarmaments to occur, the two ways disarmament can occur are..

    • Word count: 3257
  7. Israel and palestine is it justified?

    The dilemma therefore is that Israel is still occupying much of the West Bank (also where Jerusalem is situated, which an important holy city for both Jews and Muslims), and the Gaza strip whereas these territories actually form part of Palestine. Another reason that Israel is occupying these lands is that Israel wants to maintain security for its people, especially preventing Palestinian suicide bombers from exploding themselves in Israel killing innocent people. Overall, as one may see, both countries have so-called valid reasons for their actions, but what exactly are the implications of this on-going hatred for both the Israelis and the Palestinians?

    • Word count: 695
  8. Christians should never go to war

    This conflict was directly sanctioned by God and would therefore be considered allowable. Another example of Holy War would be the crusades in the middle ages to free Jerusalem, and recruited for by Pope Urban II. Some Christians would agree with just war, which is decided by criteria laid down by Aquinas in the 13th Century. He said for a war to be considered a just war it had to be on the authority of the ruling power, for a just cause, and to promote good or resist evil.

    • Word count: 538
  9. Explain what Christians believe about conflict and war. Use bible passages and Christian church teaching to support your answer

    They also accept that wars are inevitable under certain circumstances. Sometimes we accept that war should take place as it may lead to lesser of a crisis if war does happen than if it doesn't. All Christians have different views on things and we don't all agree on the same things, Conflict and war is included in this. Christianity's view in general on war and conflict can be described in one word, anti-war and War also goes against the teachings of Jesus.

    • Word count: 527
  10. Religious Teachings for war and creationism

    The creation story in the bible is in the Genesis Part, which starts with, 'In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.' The story continues on with 2 chapters. The story tells how god created the earth, the sky, the seas and plants, and then made birds and fish on the fifth day and animals and humans on the sixth day. Some of the reasons behind people believing this is because of the lack of evidence and proof, people believe that everything was created by one super being, and that everything cant just make itself and that this super being is God.

    • Word count: 1009
  11. What is a pacifist

    Also, there are selective pacifists. These people choose whether or not they will not fight in "unjust" wars. An example of a selective pacifist is Franz Jagerst�tter. He fought in the Germans in the First World War and won a medal for bravery however, he decided not to fight in the Second World War because he thought that Hitler was an unjust leader. There is a lot of support that a pacifist might find in the Bible, the Churches and the teachings of Jesus. However, the Bible is not straight forward as it contradicts itself. Firstly, the Sixth Commandment says: You shall not murder.

    • Word count: 809
  12. Explain the arguments put forward by some Christian pacifists and demonstrate how Christian non-pacifists might support their position

    For example, the War in Iraq has caused approximately a minimum of 8000 civilian deaths. Another argument that could be put forward is that, violence only leads to more violence. An example of this is the effects of the war in Iraq which have led to guerrilla activities everyday such as car bombs even after Sadam Hussein was captured. Car bombs were even thrown on Red Cross' transportation. Also, the need for war would disappear if the money spent on weapons was spent instead on eradicating the causes of the war, for example, poverty. A Christian pacifist could say that the aim of non-violent conflict is to convert your opponent; to win over their mind and heart and persuade them that your point of view is right.

    • Word count: 751
  13. Free essay

    "It takes more courage to be a conscientious objector than to fight so Christians should always support the cause of peace rather than war."

    Consequently, he was sent to prison, had to pay a fine and was stripped of his World Heavyweight Title. He appealed and later, in 1971, the Supreme Court ruled in his favour. He also said: "Keep asking, no matter how long on the war in Vietnam I sing this song. I ain't got no quarrel with the Vietcong" Also, like Ali, if you get imprisoned and persecuted for your beliefs you have to take a lot of courage and bravery as there may be a lot of betrayal from friends and family.

    • Word count: 727
  14. Explain How the Holocaust Continues to Affect the Lives of Jew Today

    In all Jewish secondary school the Holocaust is taught in more depth as part of the GCSE course. There are many memorials and museums to help teach and remind us about the Holocaust, such as Yad Vashem and the Holocaust exhibit and the Imperial War Museum. These memorials make it so much to relate to horrors and atrocities that took place under n**i regime. It is impossible to be able to genuinely relate to the Holocaust survivors. Some of the survivors may still have traumatic nightmares of what they experienced.

    • Word count: 616
  15. Even if conventional war is acceptable in Catholic teaching, the possession and use of nuclear weapons could never be

    However, in my opinion, as today we are aware of the consequences it is not acceptable. There are criteria for a 'just 'war which I think certainly should be applied in any context. A 'just' war requires that the causes must be serious enough to justify the amount of killing and suffering which a war causes. In 1945 the prospect of the Japanese army fighting to the last man, slaughtering the POW's they held, both Army and civilian, and creating the possibility of their own civilian population being exposed to the type of saturation bombing which had been experienced in Germany seemed to the Allies a sufficient justification for the use of nuclear weapons.

    • Word count: 627
  16. Colflict Justice And Reconciliation

    When someone does an injustice to you, you should, if you are a Catholic, forgive them. When you forgive someone you do not hold the person's offence against him or her , and you also do not seek revenge nor treat them as an enemy. Christians are instructed not to do evil to their enemies, but instead to be kind towards them, and to pray for them. True Christians also have a forgiving attitude towards those who have offended them and must always be prepared to be reconciled with them. When we are hurt or injured, we often feel rather angry and resentful.

    • Word count: 689
  17. RS coursework

    British law allows this to happen. Pollution, however, is about more than individual behaviour. Worldwide, there are many more serious issues transpiring. The world's resources - which the human race has come to depend on for essentials like water, food, air and energy - are limited. Some are in danger of running out, while others have been so badly damaged by the world's industrial society that their very existence is threatened. A shocking example must be that the great rainforests of the world are disappearing at a rate of about 100 acres a minute, meaning that if this was permitted to continue over the next fifty years the forest would be completely wiped out.

    • Word count: 1004
  18. RS coursework

    Christian stewardship means a fairer sharing distribution of the world's resources for everyone to enjoy. To achieve this goal, Christians might put their faith into action in a variety of ways. On a personal level, they could try to cut down on the amount they waste at home, by choosing products with the minimum packaging, and recycling wherever possible, for example using bottle banks and making garden compost. In addition to this, they could start buying energy efficient household appliances, insulating their homes properly to use less heating, and investigating the use of solar power in order to cut down on the amount of waste at home.

    • Word count: 851
  19. RS coursework

    Atheists would not say 'God made the earth so he should look after it' because they do not believe in God made the earth; many atheists believe in the Big Bang Theory. Some non-believers may, however, say that they are not particularly concerned about the environment. Such an approach might well be more a lack of knowledge about how serious some of the problems are. Others might just have a 'live for today' attitude. They might think "I'm alright. There will be enough petrol and greenery in the world whilst I am alive, and global warming is not goin to affect me".

    • Word count: 837
  20. Aileen Warners

    But what people do not understand, she says, is how strong she actually was. She trained herself to be able to do what she did. Imagine how a person must feel knowing at the end of the day they had to sell themselves in order to make a living. I do not think a person like that is weak. Rational choice was her means of device. Simply put she needed money. In a world that shut her out when she tried to get right, her only way to survive was the one thing she know how to do; prostitute.

    • Word count: 1119
  21. Describe the teachings of Christianity about war and pacifism

    This was led by Martin Luther King even thought he was not a Christian believed very strongly in pacifism and used his methods very effectively which helped him to achieved what he wanted. There are also many different teachings in the Bible and Jesus' word about war and peace. In the bible there is no set rules against war, there are many different passages that talk about war but they say many different things. You have heard that the Law of Moses says, 'Love your neighbour and hate your enemy.'

    • Word count: 1720
  22. Are children affected by Media?

    The second is any suppression, "The suppression or attempted suppression of something regarded as objectionable." And finally from a Psychiatry point of view, "The suppression of potentially harmful memories, ideas or desires from the conscious mind." So if there is a lacking of censorship, could it really get to the point where it is affecting our children's development? Television viewing affects children in different ways. If a child spends many hours in front of a TV at an early age, the programming has little effect.

    • Word count: 1168
  23. brooklyn cop

    He is different from a gorilla because he is not as shy. We know this when it says, "but less timid". This gives me the impression that the cop is not one to sit back and stay out of things, he has to get involved. When it says, "thick fleshed," this means that he is thick skinned and that he doesn't care what other people think about him. When the writer says, "steak coloured", this means that he is tanned or has a deep red face.

    • Word count: 1077
  24. Religous Studies Marks Gospel Unit P

    This was the sect known as Christians.'' Persecutions gradually began in a devastating manner. There were arrests and trials - not that any of them were fair. Tacticus described the events as follows, ''Those who confessed to being Christians were at once arrested, but on their testimony a great crowd of people were convicted, not so much on the charge of arson, but of hatred of the entire human race.'' Although a few think the persecutions weren't even connected to the fire, but to do with the fact that the Christians refused to worship Nero and didn't pay taxes.

    • Word count: 2248
  25. Free essay

    Christian Perspectives

    Action seriously needs to be taken if the world is going to a nicer; healthier place to live in universally. Christians also have morals and lessons they have learned from the bible for a way of thinking about what the causes of disease and hunger. Adam and Eve; the first man and woman; were given the beautiful garden of Eden to live in, and they were care free, with no troubles or worries. They were told simply not to eat from a certain tree, the tree of knowledge, and their lives would be blissfully happy.

    • Word count: 3442

Religious Studies involves more than just study the world's great religions. In studying the subject you may end up covering how spirituality underpins our culture, how belief systems inform how we treat each other, animal life and the world around us, and the role religion plays in societies around the globe. Youll pick up some valuable skills along the way too: analytical thinking and critical judgement, the ability to work with others, skills of expression and discussion, and ways in which you can negotiate and resolve argument.

You will cover the major global religions (and specialising in one or two), ethics, crime and punishment, personal relationships and the family and the response of societies to issues like poverty in different parts of the world. You'll need to be able to clearly discuss relevantpoints in your assignments and Marked by Teachers have a comprehensive range of assessed RS essays, which you can access to build the skills you need.


Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • Outline and discuss the view that violence onscreen can cause violence in society "Don't blame the movies Movies don't create killers, movies make killers more creative." Stewart Macher (Matthew Lillard) taken from the movie Scream.

    "In conclusion, from the studies I have looked at it would seem that violence on television and in films does affect young and adolescent children. However there are many faults with these experiments, and the most recent experiment completed by the PSI seems to prove otherwise. In my personal opinion I believe that people in general will not be affected. Most people can tell fiction from reality and can clearly define the two. The few cases of people that cannot tell the difference are the cases where violence on screen will affect them. Only 20% of all crimes committed in this country are violent. Only a tiny percentage of these were murders. An even smaller percentage of these can be linked to violence seen on screen. Every person convicted of a violent crime where it has been linked to television or films has had mental problems or has been abused as a child. (Information found from the Crime and Justice section of the National Statistics website). Alex Penn Violence in the Media Sociology Page 1"

  • Mahatma Gandhi said, "We must become the change we want to see in the world." Reflect on your world and your place within it. Discuss how you have changed or plan to effect change within that world.

    "In conclusion, Gandhi was the pebble and his words and actions were the ripples in the pond. He was an important that influenced people to make changes within the world. Following Gandhi by example would be my first step to make changes within myself and hoping others will follow my footsteps to make that change in our world. We have to be the pebble in the pond that causes the ripples in our current society. Encouraged by these enlighten words from the Great Mahatma Gandhi, "You must not lose faith in humanity. Humanity is an ocean, if a few drops of the ocean are dirty, the ocean does not become dirty." I will put faith into myself and into others who will make and made that change."

  • 'In the light of ethical theory, discuss arguments for and against pacifism.'

    "So in conclusion pacifism is a very good idea and if it could be put in to total practice in a society, we would live in a much-improved society. However for it to be able to exist you need a society where every evil or conflict can overcome by using peaceful means. Seen, as we don't live in a society like that it would be very difficult to live by pacifisms principles, about the best means of achieving peace is always through peaceful methods, making conflict inevitable as it is the only way of dealing with many of the evils in today's society. So as it has been said "to secure peace, is to prepare for war". Also how realistic is it to be able to stay peaceful when you are faced violence either against you or you property. I know if I found my self in a situation where I was faced with violence I would feel that meeting violence with violence was justifiable. So basically I pacifism is a great idea but putting it into practice in the type of society we live in today just wouldn't we are faced with to many evils that wont be removed by peaceful means. Naomi Grundy"

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