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GCSE: Places of Worship
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The abuses of pluralism and absenteeism opened the floodgates for criticism against the Church, and according to Dickens, a driving force behind the growing power of Protestantism; ' any version of the English Reformation which ignores the dynamic impact of early Protestantism remains incomplete and unconvincing.'3 It is worth noting that since the Reformation occurred, it is enticing to presume that it was an imperative and valid remonstration against the ineptness of the Church. Such views argued by Dickens however, can be exaggerated.
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Christian attitudes towards sex are very much influenced by the ancient Christian cultures from which their religion was founded. Many early Christian writers including St Augustine often portrayed sex in a negative light focusing upon the view that sex was a form of sin unless being used for reproductive purposes. This is a view that stems from contemporary Roman Catholic and in some cases Protestant denominations belief in Natural Moral Law. Natural Moral Law was first articulated by St Thomas Aquinas who stated that this was the way in which humans could understand their purpose and the way in which
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These are all connected to the church. The Guild House is for important social, charitable and religious organised events. People also live in the Guild House. St Lawrence House is used as the churches office and for children and youth departments. St Johns Hall is used for church activities and worship. Saint George and Saint Teresa (Roman Catholic Church) I visited this church on Wednesday 7th March 2006. We got taken around the church by a Deacon called Paul Grosvenor. A deacon is a leader below a priest.
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The youth prayed for God's protection over us, and that people will find out about Jesus through us. The youth service was let out early, and the team went into the adult service. The team lined up in front of the congregation, and they laid hands on us. Praise God for a concerned and loving church that will pray for us! We all went home to get those last few precious hours of sleep in our own beds. Thursday, July 7, 2005 We huddled in the dark coldness when we met at the church at 4:30 am! And now we're dreading the heat, oh the heat!
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The church was a rapacious institute, whose major interest seemed to be the acquisition of wealth, rather than the spiritual welfare of the population. It had become extremely powerful, but internally corrupt. The relationship between people and church was essentially based on money, and many methods of raising revenue were adopted. Keith Randell effectively summarises its worldy nature in his book, ''Luther and the German Reformation 1517-55'', when he states that 'the Pope, who was meant to be the good sheperd, devoted much of his energy to fleecing his flock.
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Although when it was first implemented the ideology of apartheid became clear which was an idea of white supremacy4. The Apartheid System was based upon the earlier system of segregation. Segregation was the system imposed on the British colonies in the rest of Africa; this system was in no way linked to any religious ideology. This differs to apartheid, which later on in the development of this system, was justified, although through a narrow minded, and some would even say twisted interpretation of the gospels, the system of apartheid and racial segregation.5 Of significance was the way the policies were enforced.
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The medieval cosmology was based on a mixture of theories derived from ancient Greek thinkers and Christian thought. Aristotle believed that "the heavens were unchangeable, and therefore, they were better than the earth. The sun, moon, and planets were all faultless spheres, unblemished, and immune from decay. Their motion was circular because the circle was the perfect form of motion. The earth was the centre of the universe because it was the heaviest planet and because it was at the centre of the Great Chain of Being, between the underworld of spirits and the upper world of gods"2 (Ptolemy used
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Why did monasticism play such an important part in the expansion of the Irish and Anglo-Saxon Churches between 500 and 750?
As well as engaging directly in ministry, monasteries thirdly provided much support for preaching and converting, particularly by copying texts, training religious personnel and perhaps providing inspiration. Finally, monasteries provided a means by which kings and nobles could endow the Churches advantageously, thus increasing the wealth of the Churches. It is clear that monasticism played a major role in missionary activity in both Churches. The clearest evidence of this in the Irish Church is the conversions achieved by Iona. Oswald and Oswiu, future kings of Northumbria, were converted while in exile on Iona (this was important in the background to Aidan's mission to Northumbria)
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Thus, as Americans, vast majorities believe and strongly tout the significance of religious activity. However, American culture and government are such that they do not marginalize individual beliefs and attitudes concerning religious. Resultantly, this directly translates to the fact that every citizen in the United States has poetic license to select their own faith. For this very reason, America is a Nation that is blessed with countless religions. Unlike most Western Nations, we are not explicitly a Protestant, Catholic, or Orthodox nation. Rather, the US is defined as a convivial land of Hindus, Muslims, Protestants, Christians, Catholics, Jews, and countless other belief systems from all over the world.
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Activities however are a different issue because elderly men generally read take naps etc or others for example youths can play table tennis in a modern community room away from the prayer hall. In many masjids the organizers hold evening sessions for young Muslims to read the Quran and learn more about their faith. This is permissible also; masjids are also used for: * As Schools - For learning the Quran and Islam * Activities - for functions such as birth, marriage and burial celebrations * For Parties - Welcome home meetings, lectures, as games rooms or reading room or for fundraising activities.
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Before Sun rise Zuhr Midday Asr Evening Magrib Before Sun set Isha After Sun set You can read salah at home, but if you read salah at the mosque with jamaat, then you get 27 extra good deeds from Allah. Also by reading in the mosque, it encourages more people to come to the mosque. > Jummah: Jummah is read every Fridays at midday. If you want to read Jummah, you have to read it with jamaat. If you are praying on your own, then you cannot read Jummah but you can read Zuhr.
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Iconostasis- the screen that separates the people in the congregation from the high altar. It indicates the gulf, which exists between God and humanity brought by sin. Preparation of the bread and wine for communion. Royal Doors are closed symbolising the holiness of the death of Jesus and the elements, bread and wine. Bread & wine are blessed and consecrated. Each communicant waits to receive a piece of bread dipped in wine that is placed at the back of the mouth on a long silver spoon. A choir singing accompanies the service. The Lord's Supper Nonconformists: The Breaking of Bread- frequently share an ordinary meal; it fed those who were hungry and needy in the Christian community.
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Different objects in different churches signify different things for different people. The Organ and Music in the Church The whole point of a Christian service is to praise God and worship him. This can be done in several ways. However, many Christians find that the most effective way in which to praise the Lord is through music, not only can they share their feelings with other people by singing in groups but it is also rather enjoyable as well! The organ is the most common instrument used in church but also more modern instruments such as guitars, drums and violins are also embraced by the congregation.
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How useful are the secondary sources provided in understanding Medieval Monasticism compared with the site of Fountains Abbey?
Economics reflects on the income of the abbey and what its wealth did for it. Anything trade-related is covered under economics and what the effects of this were. Social elements of the abbey include things that involve people outside of the abbey and its society. This may incorporate a variety of individuals such as royalty, possibly travellers or the homeless, these were all a part of the abbey and its purpose at some point. Political comprehends anything about the power of the abbey, which grew intensely through centuries. This too may involve royalty or the government.
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The process whereby religion looses its influence over social life and society is known as secularisation.
The extensive use of 'phone-ins' represents the search for new norms by consensus rather than church teaching. This shows evidence of the increasing irrelevance of religion in contemporary Irish society. (Clancy et al., 1995: 397) Vocations have experienced a massive decline in Ireland. Table one shows the decline in numbers entering Maynooth seminary from 76 students in 1986 to 18 students in 1996. Table 1. Numbers entering Maynooth seminary Year No 1996 18 1995 26 1994 37 1993 40 1992 <40 1991 51 1988 61 1986 76 (Sociology Lecture 1,1996: 5) Tendencies such as the latter appear to indicate processes of institutional decline and hence of secularisation.
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A Monks life - Is the site or the sources booklet more useful in telling you about the life of a monk?
Main answer - Sources and Site comparison Source A In source A, there is not much religion discussed, nor is there much politics in this source, however we can deduce from the gradual transition from the simple architecture to the more lavish architecture that there must have been some political ties, in order to gain enough money, to produce such expensive styles of buildings. There is a slight 'meandering' discussion of the social aspect of monasticism in the source, under the heading titled "MIXTURE OF STYLES".
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They began to talk in lots of different languages, as God gave them each a new language to speak. So, as they chattered away and suddenly they realised these languages were the same as the languages of all these different countries. With this they told people outside all about Jesus, and more than 3000 people decided to become Christians that day. They had sermons and teachings, which became the 'Body of Christ' and from which the Church began and grew. For this project I visited St Leonard's Church in Wollaton, and it was interesting to see what it is like.
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There is a strict code of worship to do this, which will be explained more later on. The third pillar of Islam is "Zakah" and this is the giving of money to or for the poor". The fourth pillar of Islam is "Sawm" and this is the fasting during the month of Ramadan and this is only taken place between daylight hours and ends in the festival of Eid. The final and fifth pillar of Islam is "Haij" and here Muslims go to Makkah, which is the birth place of the final prophet Muhammad. It also is the place where the holy shrine called the Kabah is, which is a building built by the other prophets and not Muhammad, it is worshipped five times a day, every weeks by every Muslim around the world.
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Most people know that Hindus and Buddhists have temples, that Sikhs meet at Gurdwaras, Jews at Synagogues, Christians at Churches, and Muslims at Mosques. But simply listing places of worship simply neglects the fact that they are not the only, and sometimes are not even the prime, sacred places for a religion. To sketch the detailed picture, these regular sites of summit and worship need to be set within a framework of sites of special historical implication, principally those where some vital revelation was attained by a religious initiator.
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The mosque has a blue colour theme, which is where it gets it name 'The Blue Mosque.' The mosque itself is surrounded on three sides by a broad courtyard, and is entered on each side by eight gateways. The inner court is reached through three gates, and is paved in marble. The courtyard of the mosque is almost as large as the prayer hall and makes people notice the elegance of the building with 26 granite columns covered by 30 small domes. At the centre of the courtyard, there is an octagonal sadirvan, which serves only as ornamental purposes.
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This is due to cleanliness. Many mosques have chandeliers, which are strikingly beautiful and yet not so extravagant. There are also fans or air-conditioning as it can get very hot and stuffy. For the cold winters and taking into account the old, there is central heating to keep the mosque lovely and warm. Prayer Room for Women Although it is not very common, some mosques do have prayer rooms for women. However, it is not likely to be as big as the 'Main Prayer Room' (used by men only). This is because there are more men who congregate for Sal�h (prayer)
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Describe the development of the doctrines of Christ and of the Trinity during the Councils of the 4th & 5th centuries. What were the political and religious movements and ideas leading to the Councils of the 4th & 5th centuries?
undivided Catholic Church the spirit was seen as coming from the Father through the Son. And so how and what developed the doctrine concerning the Trinity? There is an argument that the doctrine of the Holy Spirit and hence the Trinity was "undecided" in the Church until after the Council of Constantinople in 381. There were persons and even theologians and bishops in the Church who did not hold the Holy Spirit to be God or a distinct person or hypostasis during the 4th century, for example Arians. "Arian, an adherent of Arianism, the doctrine taught by Arius, a Christian priest at Alexandria, that Christ the son was not consubstantial with God the Father." (Webster's.
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Mecca is the birthplace of Muhammad (pbuh), the last prophet, to whom the Qur'an was given. It is also the site of the Ka'ba, the first man made structure built to worship one God. Mecca is also the destination for the Hali (pilgrimage), which all Muslims should complete once in their lifetime. All Muslims worldwide are united in facing Mecca at times of prayer. QUR'AN The Qur'an is used in worship because it is a regarded as the complete and uncorrupted words of Allah for all people; it is the word of God.
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the way you were brought up. It is often been shown that a troubled childhood can lead to homosexuality as well as the absence of the father, together with social depression as another cause. Homosexuality is unconditionally rejected as not christianly legitimate either as orientation or a genital expression. There has been an important shift in the churches thinking on homosexuality in the past few years, in recent years there has been the introduction of the homosexual condition or orientation. Which has come about through modern science.
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Visit two local Christian churches. Using pictures and/or diagrams describe and explain the main features of the buildings and their furnishings.
It is usually made of wood or metal and can be virtually any size. It represents the cross that Jesus died on. In a Roman Catholic church, the crucifix is found above or near the altar, as it was in St. Cuthbert's. This reminds the congregation of Christ's ultimate sacrifice on the cross. The lectern is a reading desk, from which readings are given during a Mass. A Bible or Lectionary is often found placed there in preparation for the day's readings. The priest will sometimes deliver his sermon from the lectern, and in some RC churches there may even be a second lectern parallel to it, from which the laity may read.
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