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GCSE: The Earth and Beyond

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  1. Original Writing Course-work - A concise history of the world, when considered in comparison with say, a good star trek episode seems pretty mundane.

    "God made it...... In six days....... And then he had a rest". I fully concede to all Christians that the Bible is somewhat more detailed in its description of the event, but no more forthcoming with proof, than a collection of recently decapitated pheasants, in a bag. In fact it appears quite obvious, that the innonomate author, is making it up as he goes along. Either this or the archaic format with which genesis is written, holds little parallelism to that of modern day literary techniques and so appears simple and repetitive.

    • Word count: 1302
  2. What is it about George Lucas' film

    The first idea I will be looking at is that Star Wars is a type of fairy tale. This film contains many different examples to show that it has a link with fairy tales. The first is that the beginning sentence on the screen is 'In a galaxy far far away.' This shows a fairy tale beginning. There is both a villain who is Darth Vader with his Empire, and a hero who is Luke Skywalker, along with Hans Solo and Obi Wan Kenobi. There is usually a damsel in distress, who in this is case Princess Leia; she has been adapted as a modern princess, by being independent.

    • Word count: 1554
  3. Science Fiction Story

    Screams and all the types of shouting could also be heard while the people were running away. Nobody knew if the aliens were friendly or had just come to rule the Earth. Nobody knew how they looked like but they did not dare to glance at them although curiosity had taken over control of the Earth. Nobody risked his life and by staying there in order to see what the aliens wanted to do.

    • Word count: 485
  4. Space Exploration - the desire to chart the unknown

    The 'space race' allowed both countries to challenge each other in a different way. Not to go to war fighting each other in space, but to use space exploration as a way of fighting each other through space, by trying to develop the knowledge to build inter-continental ballistic missiles. The first to do this would have a serious deterrent or threatening way of attacking. The 'space race' was also a way of showing off each other's scientific achievements and capabilities. However the Cold War has finished and the money given to space agencies has lowered.

    • Word count: 1263
  5. Solar panels and solar cells

    How Solar panels and Solar cells are made and how they work? The solar cells that you see on calculators and satellites are photovoltaic cells or modules. Photovoltaic, as the word implies (photo is light, voltaic is electricity), convert sunlight directly into electricity. They could even power your house. The solar panel is the basic building block of the system. This is your battery charger. If you have several solar modules wired together you have created a solar array. The size of the solar array determines the amount of power or energy that will be produced.

    • Word count: 1294
  6. Life Cycle of a Star

    * If the mass of the supergiant is great enough it can form what we call a black hole. * Since our sun is not a supergiant, but instead a medium yellow star, it will have a different fate. It will eventually use up its fuel in about 10 billion years, swell into a red giant, and then shrink down to a white dwarf. When it has completely cooled it will be a cold black dwarf. * Scientists feel our sun is already 4.5 billion years old and expect it to be around for another 5.5 billion years.

    • Word count: 1502
  7. What Would be the Advantages and Disadvantages of Human Settlements on Other Planets?

    They started playing games and did not at work at all, for three days. If something like that happens millions of kilometres away from Earth, it would really be a problem. The whole mission could fail because the astronauts neglect the work they have to do. But not only stress, also isolation could become a real difficulty. The astronauts would be completely alone. They can not just go to a shop and buy something to drink. The different gravity on Mars could result in an increase in brain-size of the "colonists" - causing humanity to become "two-tiered" in terms of intelligence.

    • Word count: 1089
  8. The devastating turn of events from environmental factors to scientific ones is whether major or minor surely affects "planet earth" unconditionally. Does it ring a bell through contamination, pollution and vast destructions?

    The effects are large and one such effect, which is partly based upon, is ozone depletion and global warming. "Temperatures in the Arctic winter lower stratosphere are generally close to the threshold for substantial chlorine activation, making Arctic ozone particularly sensitive to small changes in temperature" " Annual ozone "hole" over Antarctica" "Do sunscreens matter?" KEVS THESE R JUST HEADLINES TAKEN FROM THE INTERNET SITE www.environment.about.com These controversial headlines which seemingly keep coming has sent the world into a frenzy of inexorable curiosity.

    • Word count: 1472
  9. World Issues: Comparing two articles - Colin Powell at the World Summit

    Now looking back at the summit from 10 years in the future, I personally think it was a failure, nothing seems to have changed. Problems such as pollution and energy conservation just seem to have gotten worse. Although things like recycling have begun to grow in some countries e.g. UK. The Articles The Sun article states facts about what happened when Colin Powell was being "heckled". It has little information about what was actually discussed. It could have stated the history behind the summit and the reasons for the heckling.

    • Word count: 714
  10. The Glass Menagerie: What Sort Of Atmosphere Is Created and How Is It Achieved In The Opening Three Scenes

    It is strange because once his narration is given, Tom jumps directly into the dialogue. This resembles very much a film, because with camera and voice over techniques the narration is made a lot easier. We also know that Williams started by writing screenplays and so this use of Tom would have come from his Hollywood experiences. The mood created by Tom is ambiguous and it depends on the reader. The social history which is described by Tom, "...the huge matriculating in a school for the blind..." is in the negative while the vivid description of the play is written in a very melancholy but interesting tone, "...it is sentimental..."

    • Word count: 551
  11. Comparison between Hard Times and the Star

    In both stories, these ideas are more important than the characters: but I think that in Hard Times the characters play a much more important role than in the Star, as they are described in much more detail and depth. Like Hard Times, the surroundings in the Star connote ideas of entrapment and claustrophobia. The phrase "monotonous vault" in Hard Times suggests a prison like feeling to the schoolroom, while in the Star, "enclosing tenements" connotes a similar feeling about Cameron's neighbourhood.

    • Word count: 479
  12. Noble Gases

    Helium can be obtained from natural gas wells where it has accumulated as a result of radioactive decay. Obtaining the noble gases Neon, argon, krypton and xenon are obtaining industrially during the fractional distillation of liquid air. There are only minute traces of helium in the air. Therefore, it is more economical to extract helium from the natural gas in oil wells. The physical properties of all these gases are monatomic. They boil at low temperatures as only dispersion forces act between the atoms.

    • Word count: 1366
  13. Long ago, beings from all the local worlds, met up on Javan 3 (a story)

    With the loss of their ambassador, a lone ship crossed the border between these empires and bombarded a local planet in the Keldeen Empire. This was met with extreme anger from the Keldeen and the other races looked on in horror as the two races started a war with each other. All the other races tried to intervene for the common peace but were blown up by either side for "conspiracy against the commonwealth" and soon, the galaxy was plunged into an intergalactic war.

    • Word count: 1726
  14. The Unsung Heroes

    To the far south dark clouds were slow looming upwards, you could hear the wrath of the thunder in the distance. In the middle, at the edge of a small cliff facing the southwest sat a lone man. Like a statue, he sat there cross-legged, without movement, without a sound. His eyes were fixed on the necklace in his hand. He stared at it, watched the light shine of it, it was hitting him in his eye but that didn't really bother him.

    • Word count: 1529
  15. Catastrophic Incident

    The captain - a tall stocky man, rose from his chair in the office-board-room type enclosure. He strode towards the window, stopped, and turned back to his workers still fidgeting at the table. "Have we determined the existence of any life on this planet Walker?" Walker, who had previously been occupying himself by alphabetising his notes, was suddenly woken by the bellowing voice. He clumsily stood and pushed his chair away from the table, sliding his thick round glasses further onto the bridge of his nose. "No sir. Not as yet Sir. Sorry sir." "We'll resume in five minutes" announced the captain.

    • Word count: 921
  16. Using academic literature and appropriate web sites, account for the geomorphological processes operating (and suspected to be operating) on the surface of Mars and compare their effectiveness comparative to earth.’

    It is now almost universally accepted that liquid water once flowed on Mars, supported by the discovery by the Mariner 9 mission1. The Viking missions also identified this in more detail, with images of outflow channels as much as 100km wide and 2000km in length2. It is the formation of these outflow channels that have been open to controversy, suggestions include erosive agents such as water, ice, wind, debris flows and lava are the cause. The most convincing argument is that of Baker, who believes that they were formed by cataclysmic flooding.

    • Word count: 2136
  17. The Origin of Life

    This means that early earth must have been bombarded by comets, creating a highly hostile environment. This brings us to the first theory as to the origins of life on earth. As so many meteorites were colliding with the earth, it is not impossible to assume that several of these meteorites may have contained elements not found in abundance on earth at this time. Comets found in recent years have yielded many elements that were not thought to have existed in such abundance. So, could this have been the method of 'seeding life' onto the planet Earth?

    • Word count: 1325
  18. Hive World

    The construct, of lasers, missiles and cannons jutting out of the gothic alcoves, is pushed on towards the planet. Ion engines are all that remain visible, as the battle ship strikes deep into the night. "This the Mars class cruiser Righteous Fire; we request permission to dock with the defence ring. We have an important visitor." A young officer adjusts his head set, his fingers dance over the runes, depressing and activating others. He turns to view a secondary monitor that crackles to life to show an ageing commander in full dress uniform, the green visual crackles with horizontal lines.

    • Word count: 1070
  19. Are humans an infection of the planet Earth?

    There are numerous forms of pollution that are causing considerable damage to our environment. Industrial factories release extremely dangerous chemicals in to the atmosphere, polluting the air, land and seas. Such chemicals contaminate water, which therefore affects the creatures and humans that use and rely upon it. Poisonous gases released pollute the air humans and animals breathe, which can affect the health of those who need it. This build up of harmful gases, such as CFC gas, in the atmosphere undoubtedly has serious long-term affects on the planet Earth. Growing problems, like the 'greenhouse affect' and the hole in the ozone layer, are the consequences of the actions of humans.

    • Word count: 1187
  20. Geosynchronous Satellites

    2. Aims and Objectives This project is made to understand the functions of the GEO satellite. It is important to recognize these satellites, as satellites are important in our daily lives such as networking and communication. I also learn to know the usage of these satellites. I also know how to differentiate the advantages and disadvantages of the GEO satellite. 3. Historical Background (Geostationary, LEO, MEO, HEO Orbits 4/7/2002) YEAR EVENTS 1945 * The orbit, which geosynchronous satellites must describe around the Earth, was first suggested by science fiction writer Sir Arthur C. Clarke. He suggested in an article in "Wireless World", published in 1945, that it would be possible to have global communications with only three strategically located GEO satellites.

    • Word count: 1067
  21. Earth & Space Topics Overview

    The further out you go, the weaker it pulls. The orbits of the planets are elliptical (elongated) rather than circular. This means that their distance from the Sun is continually changing. The average distance from the Sun to Pluto is much greater than the average distance to Neptune but because of the highly elliptical orbit of Pluto, there are times when Pluto is closer to the Sun than Neptune. The further the planet is from the Sun, the greater the time it takes to orbit it. The distance from the earth to the other planets depends on where they are in their orbits.

    • Word count: 1877
  22. “What makes the Scientific Revolution (a) scientific and (b) Revolutionary?”

    While in Italy, among other things he studied the accepted astronomical system of the time, developed by Ptolemy. This system depicted the universe as consisting of the earth and ten spheres: the moon, Mercury, Venus, the sun, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, the Firmament (fixed stars), the Crystalline Heaven which imparted motion to the spheres around the earth, and finally the motionless Empyrean Heaven where God dwelt with the elect. These spheres were generally believed to be solid and transparent, and the planets to be of a non-earthly weightless substance fitted into the spheres and revolving with them around the motionless earth.

    • Word count: 1027
  23. Creative writing - Valentine

    But all I can see now is grey faces waiting for yours to light the scene. I push up green fields trying to find you, pathetically attempting to squeeze out a tear, understandably you see, I try to hard. No daisy is the same. The clouds got tangled and caught up in my fingers so that I found hilarity in my actions. For the first time I screamed out in my joy just like the time when we flew off to space, I believed that I'd never forget you and we returned with postcards and moon-rock.

    • Word count: 783
  24. Victorian Press and the Working Classes

    Whether the names of the newspapers change, or the layout, even how the reporting is carried out. Within the reading carried out it was imperative to check that all the papers were reliable sources of information. However with all newspapers they have an agenda to follow. In taking two different views it allows the research to show that in can be balanced, as the biased views should level themselves out. Taking in to account that it is impossible to find an unbiased view it is up to me to decide whether or not the stories included can be trusted.

    • Word count: 3064
  25. To What Extent Can Humanity Be Enlightened In The Future?

    That is why in humanity's eyes, Spirituality is a new and vivid approach to the understanding of our higher selves. More and more humans everyday are realizing that Spirituality is a much more logical way of thinking when compared to the vulgar rank and file religions that have existed for centuries. Although, if humanity does not wake up to this realization soon, the current may soon steer us towards our own demise. Humanity's notion of death is like a sailor plummeting to an ocean of black from the deck of his ship.

    • Word count: 2034

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