• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

This survey was concerned with looking at the changes in soil and vegetation on a transect located at Dead Mans Hill (See map A). The aim was to record the type and quantity of vegetation and to analyse the quality of soil on the transect.

Extracts from this document...


NEW FOREST HEATHLAND SURVEY. AIMS This survey was concerned with looking at the changes in soil and vegetation on a transect located at Dead Mans Hill (See map A). The aim was to record the type and quantity of vegetation and to analyse the quality of soil on the transect. Using this information it would be possible to examine the relationship between the vegetation and soil, this would also give an indication to the condition of the heathland. INTRODUCTION Dead Mans Hill is located 30 miles south of Salisbury in the New Forest. The landscape is open with raised land in the distance covered by Oak, Scotch pine and Birch trees. The main vegetation immediately visible was heather, gorse and bracken, all characteristic of heathland. The Bracken was beginning to die off, the Gorse still had a few yellow flowers and the Heather showed no signs of grazing. The location of the transect was on a gentle slope. At the bottom of the slope the land was wet and boggy; here the vegetation was mainly grass, rushes and sedges. Surface water was visible which had a brown /orange colour. ...read more.


To discover the pH of the soil the other half of the sample was used, 2cm3 of soil and 1cm3 of barium sulphate were placed into a test tube. The barium sulphate ensures the soil particles separate, this is known as flocculation. 10cm3 of distilled water and 5cm3 of an indicator solution were then added, the test tube was given a good shake then allowed to settle for 5 minutes. The colour of the water was compared against a colour chart, which gave the pH of the soil. From these results we could asses how fertile the soil was. To measure the gradient of the slope a 5m rope, spirit level and two 1m rulers were used. One end of the rope was held in place on the ground at sample station number 21, the rope was then pulled tight and leveled using the spirit level. The vertical distance between the ground at station 20 and the end of the rope was recorded. This was repeated all the way down the transect line, in-between each sample station. The results were plotted onto graph paper, which gave an impression of the gradient. ...read more.


A podzol is produced by a combination of acidic soil and Ling heather. The chemistry of Ling heather favours podzolization, rain dissolves organic acids out of leaf mould, leached humus and iron compounds out of the topsoil. These are deposited lower down in the soil and cement soil particles together to form 'pans'. These 'pans' or podzols are characteristic to heathland and slow down drainage 11. Next to these stations we observed Cross Leafed heather which prefers wet conditions and a reduction in Bell heather which prefers dry conditions. The bare ground recorded can be explained by trampling, from humans and the ponies, which live on the heath and tend to take the same route time and time again. CONCLUSION From the main findings such as the pH of the soil, vegetation distribution and the discovery of possible podzols we can conclude that the land studied is characteristic of heathland. From the information obtained, the heathland seems to be in good condition supporting a variety of plants, none of which seemed to be dominant. The heathland is being managed to maintain it; the ponies although having an impact couldn't be responsible on their own as their population isn't large enough. WORD COUNT 2022. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Aqueous Chemistry section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Aqueous Chemistry essays

  1. How much Iron (II) in 100 grams of Spinach Oleracea?

    present in 100 grams of Spinach Oleracea the volume of moles in the 100cm3 spinach extract solution will need to be multiplied by 5. 0.003585 mol dm-3 X 5 = 0.017925 mol dm-3 Now that I know the moles present in 100 grams of spinach I can use the equation below to work out the mass of Iron (II)

  2. Identification of an Organic Unknown.

    only error, which could lead to wrong results, is adding of wrong reagent and contamination therefore I will use a separate clean test tube for each test. The reason I chose to use Fehling reagent instead of Tollen's was because Fehling solution would show a more specific colour change whereas

  1. Identification of an organic unknown.

    I now need to distinguish between a phenol and an alcohol. The electron rich benzene ring in phenols give rise to many reactions which phenol can undergo with dramatic changes and an alcohol or a carboxylic acid cannot. Furthermore, the '-OH' group "increases the susceptibility of the benzene ring to electrophilic attack."

  2. Determine the best method that will create the cheapest, but largest quantity of Epsom ...

    Magnesium is the lightest of the structural metals with a density of only 1.74 g.cm-3. However, magnesium is used as a structural metal in an alloyed form and most magnesium alloys have a density slightly higher than this. Magnesium is a reactive metal and is usually found in nature in

  1. Determination of toxicity to an invertebrate population.

    sulphate, at room temperature (20oC), after a time period of 30 minutes. Concentration of copper (II) sulphate (M) Number of dead Daphnia Total number of dead Daphnia Mean of total no. dead Daphnia % Mortality � Standard deviation on mean % mortality Replicates 1 2 3 4 5 0.1 5

  2. Establish what types of soil holds the most water and to see if changing ...

    are quite difficult variables to measure. Micro organisms in the soil such as small living insects or parts of plant stems etc. may absorb some of the water themselves making it appear that more has been held within the soil, again affecting its recorded absorbency.

  1. Deducing the quantity of acid in a solution

    I will carefully transfer the solution to the 250cm3 volumetric flask. 7. I will rinse both beakers three times and the glass rod once with distilled water and transfer it to the flask, to make sure all the solution goes into the volumetric flask.

  2. Heat transfer - We travelled to the McDonalds in Notting Hill Gate hoping to ...

    Inside a measuring cylinder I will measure out 330ml of boiling water from the kettle and pour it into the can. 9. Place a thermometer inside the hole in the lid it. 10. I will then start a stopwatch and take the temperature every minute for 20 minutes. 11.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work